Urban rail transit in China

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Map of cities in mainland China, the SARs, and Taiwan with rapid transit, commuter rail and light rail systems. The two higher-resolution maps to the left show the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions.
  Operational systems
  Under-construction systems

Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev.[1] Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. China has the world's longest urban rail transit system that was more than 7,500 km long, as of 2020.[2]

As of 2020, China had put 233 urban rail transit lines into operation in 44 cities.[2] By 2019, China had more than 6,100 km of subway or metro lines.[3] As of 2020, China boasts the top 5 longest metro systems in the world -- Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Shenzhen being the top 5 cities. Nine of the world's 15 longest metro systems are in China. Although the Shanghai Metro only started operating in 1993, it is now the world's longest subway system.[4][5][6] Half of the top ten busiest metro systems in the world are in China.[7] By early-2020, Mainland China had opened 41 metro systems with 185 metro lines.[8]

History[edit]

Several Chinese cities had urban electric tramways in the early 20th century, which were dismantled in the 1950s–1970s. Nanjing had an urban railway from 1907 to 1958. The first subway in China was built in Beijing in 1969. The Tianjin Metro followed in 1984. Hong Kong, at the time still under British colonial rule, completed its first section of subway in 1979. Today, Hong Kong's MTR Corporation has investment, consulting and management stakes in the rapid transit systems of several mainland Chinese cities.

The rapid growth of the Chinese economy since the 1980s has created a huge surge in demand for urban transport. This prompted cities across China to pursue and draft proposals for subway networks, with Shanghai and Guangzhou opening their first sections of subway in the 90s, inspiring more cities to propose subway networks. In 1995, the Central Government, alarmed by the high cost and financial debt from these ambitious subway plans, put out a "notice on the suspension of approval of urban underground rapid rail transit projects" barring new subway systems outside of Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou and Shanghai from being built.[9] At the time Nanjing, Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian and Shenzhen had advanced proposals waiting to be approved. Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian managed to circumvent the moratorium on subway construction by constructing and opening lower cost elevated lines, light metros, and monorails in the early 2000s. Rapid urbanization of China lead to severe congestion and pollution in urban areas leading to the suspension being lifted. Initially, light metro lines using small profile and shorter rolling stock were constructed to reduce costs. It was assumed that as ridership grows the line will operate trains at a low headway to increase capacity. This design paradigm was known in China as "small groups, high density" operation.[10][11][12] However, after a few years operating, many of these lines such as Guangzhou Metro Line 3, Line 6, Shanghai Metro Line 6, and Line 8 were severely overcapacity. Guangzhou Metro Line 3 was able to reconfigure from 3-car trains into 6-car trains to slightly relieve overcapacity. This led many cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Chengdu to use higher capacity designs on newer lines.

Since the mid-2000s, the growth of rapid transit systems in Chinese cities has rapidly accelerated, with most of the world's new subway mileage in the past decade opening in China.[13][4][14][15] From 2009 to 2015, China built 87 mass transit rail lines, totaling 3,100 km (1,900 mi), in 25 cities at the cost of ¥988.6 billion.[16] In 2016, the Chinese government lowered the minimum population criteria for a city to start planning a metro system from 3 million to 1.5 million residents.[17] As part of its 13th Five Year Plan, the Chinese government published a transport whitepaper titled "Development of China's Transport". The plan envisions a more sustainable transport system with priority focused on high-capacity public transit particularly urban rail transit and bus rapid transit. All cities with over 3 million residents will start or continue to develop urban rail networks. Regional rail networks will be constructed internally connect and integrate urban agglomerations such as the Jingjinji, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta areas.[18][19] In 2017, some 43 smaller third-tier cities in China have received approval to develop subway lines.[20]

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

Stats[edit]

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

urban rapid transit systems
System Locale Lines Stations Length (km) Operation start Annual ridership Busiest station
Beijing Subway Beijing Subway (BeijingMTRicon.svg BeijingMTROA.svg Capital Metro (Black and White version).jpg) Beijing & Langfang 22[a] 396[a] 690.5[a] 1969-10-01[b] 3848.4 million (2018)[21] Xizhi Men (2018)[22]
Changchun Rail Transit Changchun 4[c] 59[c] 68.27[c] 2011-06-30[d] 0127.3 million (2018)[22] Changchun Railway Station (2018)[22]
Changsha Metro Changsha Metro Changsha 5 111 142.5 2014-04-29 0250.3 million (2018)[22][e] Wuyi Square (2018)[22]
Changsha Maglev Express ChangshaMaglev.svg Changsha 1 3 18.7 2016-05-06 Changshanan
Changzhou Metro ChangzhouMetro.svg Changzhou 1 29 34.24[23] 2019-09-21
Chengdu Metro Chengdu Metro Chengdu 12[f] 373[f] 518.5[f] 2010-09-27 1157.6 million (2018)[22] Chunxi Road (2018)[22]
Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing 8 187 370 2004-11-06 0857.9 million (2018)[22] Lianglukou (2018)[22]
Dalian Metro Dalian Metro (Dalian Kuaigui Logo.svg) Dalian 4 69 157.88[24] 2002-11-08 0192.3 million (2018)[22] Xi'an Road (2018)[22]
Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan 1 15 37.7 2016-05-27 0046.1 million (2018)[22] Hongfu Road (2018)[22]
Foshan Metro Foshan & Guangzhou 1 25 39.6 2010-11-03 0110 million (2017)[25] Zumiao (2017)[25]
Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou 2 43 55.5 2016-05-16 0060.9 million (2018)[22] Dongjiekou (2018)[22]
Guangzhou Metro Guangzhou Metro Guangzhou 13[g][h] 257[i][h] 491.5 [j][h] 1997-06-28 3029.5 million (2018)[22][k][h] Tiyu Xilu (2018)[22]
Guiyang Metro Guiyang Metro Guiyang 1 25 35.11 2017-12-28 0007.4 million (2018)[22] West Zhongshan Road (2018)[22]
Hangzhou Metro Hangzhou Metro (Hangzhou MTR Logo.svg) Hangzhou 5 135 206 2012-11-24 0529.9 million (2018)[22] East Railway Station (2018)[22]
Harbin Metro Harbin Metro Harbin 2 21 22.9 2013-09-26 0097.4 million (2018)[22] The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (2018)[22]
Hefei Metro Hefei 4 97 114.78 2016-12-26 0153.2 million (2018)[22] Dadongmen (2018)[22]
Hohhot Metro Hohhot 2 44 49.0 2019-12-29
Mass Transit Railway MTR (KCR logo.svg) Hong Kong 11 113 227.5 1979-10-01[l] 1767 million (2017)[26][R Nb 1] Admiralty
Jinan Metro JinanMetro.svg Jinan 2 23 47.9 2019-04-01
Kunming Metro Kunming Rail Transit logo.svg Kunming 5 92 137.8 2012-06-28 0199.6 million (2018)[22] Dongfeng Square (2018)[22]
Lanzhou Metro LanzhouRailTransit.png Lanzhou 1 20 25.9[27] 2019-06-23
Macau Light Rapid Transit Macau 1 11 9.3[28] 2019-12-10[28]
Nanchang Metro Nanchang Metro Nanchang 3 74 88.747 2015-12-26 0141.8 million (2018)[22][29] Bayi Square (2015-2020)[30]
Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing 10 174 376.5 2005-09-03 1118.8 million (2018)[22] Xinjiekou (2018)[22]
Nanning Metro Nanning Rail Transit Nanning 4 91 108.0 2016-06-28 0213.6 million (2018)[22] Chaoyang Square (2018)[22]
Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo 5 103 154.31 2014-05-30 0124.4 million (2018)[22] Gulou (2018)[22]
Qingdao Metro Qingdao Metro Qingdao 6 110 246.2 2015-12-16 0153.9 million (2018)[22] 4 May Square (2018)[22]
Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro (Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg Shanghai Keolis.svg) Shanghai & Kunshan 17 428 699.5 1993-05-28 3710.2 million (2018)[22] People's Square (2018)[22]
Shanghai Maglev Train Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg Shanghai 1 2 30.5 2002-12-31 Longyang Road
Shenyang Metro Shenyang Metro Shenyang 4 91 115.9 2010-09-27 0329.9 million (2018)[22] Qingniandajie (2018)[22]
Shenzhen Metro Shenzhen Metro (MTR logo.svg) Shenzhen 11 283 411 2004-12-28 1646.1 million (2018)[22] Laojie (2018)[22]
Shijiazhuang Metro Shijiazhuang Metro Shijiazhuang 3 51 61.6[31] 2017-06-26 0087.6 million (2018)[22][32] Xinbaiguangchang (2018)[22]
Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou 4 134 164.1 2012-04-28 0328.1 million (2018)[22] Dongfangzhimen (2018)[22]
Taiyuan Metro Taiyuan Metro logo.svg Taiyuan 1 23 23.65[33] 2020-12-26
Tianjin Metro Tianjin Rail Transit logo.svg (TianjinMetro.svg Binhai Mass Transit Development Corporation logo.svg) Tianjin 6 159 233.2 1984-12-28[m] 0408.5 million (2018)[22] Tianjinzhan (2018)[22]
uÜrümqi Metro Ürümqi Metro logo.svg Ürümqi 1 21 27.615 2018-10-25 0002.4 million (2018)[22]
Wenzhou Metro WenzhouRailway.svg Wenzhou 1 18 53.5 2019-01-23
Wuhan Metro Wuhan Metro Wuhan 9 228[34] 339[34] 2004-07-24 1054.0 million (2018)[22] Jianghan Road (2018)[22]
Wuxi Metro Wuxi Metro Wuxi 3 69 89.4 2014-07-01 0103.1 million (2018)[22] Sanyang Plaza (2018)[22]
Xi'an Metro Xi'an Metro Xi'an & Xianyang 5 100 161.8 2011-09-16 0746.2 million (2018)[22] Xiaozhai (2018)[22]
Xiamen Metro Xiamen Metro Xiamen 2 52 71.9 2017-12-31 00113.966 million (2020)[35] Zhenhai Road (2020)[35]
Xuzhou Metro XuzhouMetro.svg Xuzhou 1 18 21.967[36] 2019-09-28
Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou 7 151 213.2 2013-12-28 0293.4 million (2018)[22] Zhengzhou Railway Station (2018)[22]
  1. ^ a b c Not including Xijiao Line, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  2. ^ Open for public operation on 15 January 1971 (1971-01-15).
  3. ^ a b c Not including Line 3, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  4. ^ Changchun Subway officially opened on 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) as a light rail transit system.
  5. ^ Changsha Maglev Express is excluded.
  6. ^ a b c Not including Chengdu Tram Line 2, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  7. ^ 14, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  8. ^ a b c d Not including Haizhu Tram (THZ1), which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  9. ^ 282, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  10. ^ 531.1 km, if Guangfo line (39.6 km) is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  11. ^ Guangfo line is excluded. Also see Foshan Metro.
  12. ^ The Kowloon–Canton Railway (Current East Rail line/ERL) begin operation single track on 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01). Begin operation on 1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) as MTR Corporation and 24 December 1982 (1982-12-24) as KCRC. ERL electrification completed by 16 July 1983 (1983-07-16). ERL double-track completed by 27 February 1984 (1984-02-27). KCRC operations taken over by MTR on 2 December 2007 (2007-12-02).
  13. ^ The system was closed on 1 September 2001 (2001-09-01) for renovation and reopened on 12 June 2006 (2006-06-12).
  1. ^ Note that:
    1. Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year
    2. The ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary".
    3. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.

Urban rapid transit lines[edit]

Legend

  – Lines in operation.
  – Lines under testing.

Urban rail transit lines
Livery Line System Length Stations Car configuration Stock size Commencement
01Line 1 Beijing 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[37] 23 6 B1 1971-01-15
02Line 2 Beijing 23.0 km (14.3 mi)[37] 18 6 B1 1987-12-28
04Line 4 Beijing 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[37] 24 6 B1 2009-09-28
05Line 5 Beijing 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[37] 23 6 B1 2007-10-07
06Line 6 Beijing 53.4 km (33.2 mi)[38] 32 8 B2 2012-12-30
07Line 7 Beijing 40.3 km (25.0 mi) 29 8 B1 2014-12-28
08Line 8 (North section)[a] Beijing 28.5 km (17.7 mi) 19 6 B1 2008-07-19
08Line 8 (South section)[a] Beijing 16.4 km (10.2 mi) 12 6 B1 2018-12-30
09Line 9 Beijing 17.0 km (10.6 mi)[37] 12 6 B1 2011-12-31
10Line 10 Beijing 57.0 km (35.4 mi)[37] 45 6 B1 2008-07-19
13Line 13 Beijing 40.85 km (25.38 mi) 17 6 B1 2002-09-22
14Line 14 (West section)[a] Beijing 12.4 km (7.7 mi)[39] 7 6 A 2013-05-05
14Line 14 (East section)[a] Beijing 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[39] 21 6 A 2014-12-28
15Line 15 Beijing 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[37] 20 6 B1 2010-12-30
16Line 16 Beijing 30.5 km (19.0 mi)[37] 15 8 A 2016-12-31
99s1S1 line Beijing 9.1 km (5.7 mi)[40] 7 6 z-maglevML 2017-12-30
Batong line Beijing 23.4 km (14.5 mi)[41] 14 6 B1 2003-12-27
Capital Airport Express Beijing 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[37] 4 4 LB 2008-07-19
Changping line Beijing 31.9 km (19.8 mi)[42] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Daxing Airport Express Beijing 41.36 km (25.70 mi) 3 8 D 2019-09-26[43]
Daxing line Beijing 21.8 km (13.5 mi)[37] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Fangshan line Beijing 32 km (20 mi)[44][45] 16 6 B1 2010-12-30
Yanfang line Beijing 14.4 km (8.9 mi)[46] 9 4 B1 2017-12-30
Yizhuang line Beijing 23.2 km (14.4 mi) 14 6 B1 2010-12-30
01Line 1 Changchun 18.14 km (11.27 mi)[47][37] 15 6 B2 2017-06-30
02Line 2 Changchun 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[48] 18 6 B2 2018-08-30
04Line 4 Changchun 16.33 km (10.15 mi)[49] 16 3/5/6 C 2011-06-30
08Line 8 Changchun 13.3 km (8.3 mi)[50] 12 6 C 2018-10-30
01Line 1 Changsha 23.6 km (14.7 mi)[37] 20 6 B2 2016-06-28
02Line 2 Changsha 26.6 km (16.5 mi)[37] 23 6 B2 2014-04-29
03Line 3 Changsha 36.5 km (22.7 mi)[51] 25 6 B 2020-06-28
04Line 4 Changsha 33.5 km (20.8 mi) 25 6 B2 2019-05-26
05Line 5 Changsha 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[51] 18 6 B 2020-06-28
Maglev Express Changsha ML 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[37] 3 3 z-maglevML 2016-05-06
01Line 1 Changzhou 34.24 km (21.28 mi)[23] 29 6 B? 2019-09-21
01Line 1 Chengdu 40.99 km (25.47 mi)[37] 35 6 B2 2010-09-27
02Line 2 Chengdu 41.8 km (26.0 mi)[37] 32 6 B2 2012-09-16
03Line 3 Chengdu 48.6 km (30.2 mi) 37 6 B2 2016-07-31
04Line 4 Chengdu 42.3 km (26.3 mi)[37][46] 30 6 B2 2015-12-26
05Line 5 Chengdu 49.018 km (30.5 mi) 41 8 A 2019-12-27
06Line 6 Chengdu 68.88 km (42.8 mi)[52] 56 8 A 2020-12-18
07Line 7 Chengdu 38.6 km (24.0 mi)[46] 31 6 A 2017-12-06
08Line 8 Chengdu 29.1 km (18.1 mi)[52] 25 6 A 2020-12-18
09Line 9 Chengdu 22.18 km (13.8 mi)[52] 13 8 A 2020-12-18
10Line 10 Chengdu 37.972 km (23.6 mi)[53][54] 16 6 A 2017-09-06
17Line 17 Chengdu 26.15 km (16.2 mi)[52] 9 8 A 2020-12-18
18Line 18 Chengdu 48 km (30 mi)[52] 8 8 A 2020-09-27[55]
01Line 1 Chongqing 38.94 km (24.20 mi) 25 6 B2 2011-07-28
02Line 2 Chongqing 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[37] 25 4/6 z-monorailHL 2005-06-18
03Line 3 Chongqing 67.1 km (41.7 mi)[37] 45 6/8 z-monorailHL 2011-09-29
04Line 4 Chongqing 15.6 km (9.7 mi)[56] 8 6 AS 2018-12-28
05Line 5 (North section)[a] Chongqing 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[46] 10 6 AS 2017-12-28
05Line 5 (South section)[a] Chongqing 18.34 km (11.40 mi) 12 6 AS 2021-01-20
06Line 6 Chongqing 75.9 km (47.2 mi)[37] 40 6 B2 2012-09-28
10Line 10 Chongqing 33.7 km (20.9 mi) 19 6 AS 2017-12-28
Loop line Chongqing 51 km (32 mi) 30 6 A 2018-12-28
01Line 1 Dalian 28.34 km (17.61 mi)[24] 22 6 B2 2015-10-30
02Line 2 Dalian 25.74 km (15.99 mi)[24] 21 6 B2 2015-05-22
03Line 3 Dalian 63.45 km (39.43 mi)[24] 18 2/4 B2 2002-11-08
12Line 12 Dalian 40.35 km (25.07 mi)[24] 8 4 B2 2013-12-30
02Line 2 Dongguan 37.8 km (23.5 mi)[37] 15 6 B2 2016-05-27
01Line 1 Fuzhou 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[37][46] 21 6 B2 2016-05-18
02Line 2 Fuzhou 30.6 km (19.0 mi) 22 6 B2 2019-04-26
01Line 1 Guangzhou 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[37] 16 6 A 1997-06-28
02Line 2 Guangzhou 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[37] 24 6 A 2002-12-29
03Line 3 Guangzhou 68.5 km (42.6 mi)[37] 30 6 B2 2005-12-26
04Line 4 Guangzhou 60.04 km (37.31 mi)[37][46] 23 4 LB 2005-12-26
05Line 5 Guangzhou 31.5 km (19.6 mi)[37] 24 6 LB 2009-12-28
06Line 6 Guangzhou 41.4 km (25.7 mi)[37] 31 4 LB 2013-12-28
07Line 7 Guangzhou 18.6 km (11.6 mi)[37] 9 6 B2 2016-12-28
08Line 8 Guangzhou 33.9 km (21.1 mi)[57] 26 6 A 2010-09-25
09Line 9 Guangzhou 20.1 km (12.5 mi)[46] 11 6 B2 2017-12-28
13Line 13 Guangzhou 27.0 km (16.8 mi)[46] 11 8 A 2017-12-28
14Line 14 Guangzhou 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[46] 10 6 B1 2017-12-28
21Line 21 Guangzhou 61.5 km (38.2 mi)[58] 21 6 B1 2018-12-28
Zhujiang New Town APM line Guangzhou 03.9 km (2.4 mi)[37] 9 2 z-people_moverP 2010-11-08
Guangfo line Foshan (Guangfo) 33.5 km (20.8 mi)[37] 22 4 B2 2010-09-25
01Line 1 Guiyang 35.11 km (21.8 mi) 25 6 B2 2017-12-28
01Line 1 Hangzhou 64.25 km (39.92 mi)[37] 39 6 B2 2012-11-24
02Line 2 Hangzhou 43.3 km (26.9 mi)[59] 33 6 B2 2014-11-24
04Line 4 Hangzhou 20.8 km (12.9 mi)[37] 18 6 B2 2015-02-02
05Line 5 Hangzhou 56.21 km (34.93 mi)[60] 38 6 AH 2019-06-24
06Line 6 Hangzhou 50.2 km (31.2 mi) 30 6 AH 2020-12-30
07Line 7 Hangzhou 47.48 km (29.50 mi) 20 6 A 2020-12-30
16Line 16 Hangzhou 35.12 km (21.82 mi)[61] 12 6 B2 2020-04-23
01Line 1 Harbin 26.05 km (16.19 mi) 23 6 B2 2013-09-26
03Line 3 Harbin 04.5 km (2.8 mi)[46] 3 6 B2 2017-01-26
01Line 1 Hefei 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[37] 23 6 B2 2016-12-26
02Line 2 Hefei 27.8 km (17.3 mi)[46] 24 6 B2 2017-12-26
03Line 3 Hefei 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[62] 33 6 B 2019-12-26[62]
05Line 5 Hefei 25.2 km (15.7 mi) 20 6 B 2020-12-26
01Line 1 Hohhot 21.719 km (13.5 mi)[63] 20 6 B 2019-12-29
02Line 2 Hohhot 27.32 km (17.0 mi)[64] 24 6 B 2020-10-01[64]
Airport Express Hong Kong 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 5 8 AzA* 1998-07-06
Disneyland Resort line Hong Kong 03.3 km (2.1 mi) 2 4 AzA* 2005-08-01
East Rail line Hong Kong 41.1 km (25.5 mi) 14 12 AzA* 1984-02-27[H 1]
Island line Hong Kong 16.3 km (10.1 mi) 16 8 AzA* 1985-05-31
Kwun Tong line Hong Kong 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 17 8 AzA* 1979-10-01
South Island line Hong Kong 07.4 km (4.6 mi) 5 3 AzA* 2016-12-28
Tseung Kwan O line Hong Kong 11.9 km (7.4 mi) 8 8 AzA* 2002-08-04
Tsuen Wan line Hong Kong 16.0 km (9.9 mi) 16 8 AzA* 1979-12-31
Tuen Ma line Hong Kong 17 km (11 mi)[65] 12 4/8 AzA* 2004-12-21
Tung Chung line Hong Kong 31.1 km (19.3 mi) 8 8 AzA* 1998-06-21
West Rail line Hong Kong 35.4 km (22.0 mi) 12 8 AzA* 2003-12-20
01Line 1 Jinan 26.1 km (16.2 mi) 11 4 B1 2019-04-01
03Line 3 Jinan 21.592 km (13.417 mi) 13 6 B 2019-12-28[66]
01Line 1 Kunming 34.9 km (21.7 mi)[37] 22 6 B1 2013-05-20
02Line 2 Kunming 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[37] 13 6 B1 2014-04-30
03Line 3 Kunming 22.7 km (14.1 mi)[46] 20 6 B1 2017-08-29
04Line 4 Kunming 43.4 km (27.0 mi) 29 6 B1 2020-09-23
06Line 6 Kunming 25.3 km (15.7 mi) 8 6 B1 2012-06-28
01Line 1 Lanzhou 25.9 km (16.1 mi)[27] 20 6 A 2019-06-23
Taipa line Macau 09.3 km (5.8 mi)[28] 11 2/4 P 2019-12-10[28]
01Line 1 Nanchang 28.8 km (17.9 mi)[37] 24 6 B2 2015-12-26
01Line 2 Nanchang 31.51 km (19.58 mi)[67] 28 6 B2 2017-08-18
03Line 3 Nanchang 28.5 km (17.7 mi)[68] 22 6 B2 2020-12-26
01Line 1 Nanjing 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[37] 27 6 A 2005-09-03
02Line 2 Nanjing 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[37] 26 6 A 2010-05-28
03Line 3 Nanjing 44.9 km (27.9 mi)[37] 29 6 A 2015-04-01
04Line 4 Nanjing 33.7 km (20.9 mi)[46] 18 6 B2 2017-01-18
10Line 10 Nanjing 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[37] 14 6 A 2014-07-01
99s1Line S1 Nanjing 36.3 km (22.6 mi)[37] 9 6 B2 2014-07-01
99s3Line S3 Nanjing 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[46] 19 6 B2 2017-12-06
99s7Line S7 Nanjing 30.4 km (18.9 mi) 9 4 B2 2018-05-26
99s8Line S8 Nanjing 45.2 km (28.1 mi)[37] 26 4 B2 2014-08-01
99s9Line S9 Nanjing 52.4 km (32.6 mi)[46] 6 3 B2 2017-12-30
01Line 1 Nanning 32.1 km (19.9 mi)[37] 25 6 B2 2016-06-28
02Line 2 Nanning 27.5 km (17.1 mi)[46] 23 6 B2 2017-12-28
03Line 3 Nanning 27.9 km (17.3 mi)[69] 23 6 B2 2019-06-06
03Line 4 Nanning 20.7 km (12.9 mi)[69] 16 6 B2 2020-11-23
01Line 1 Ningbo 46.2 km (28.7 mi)[37] 29 6 B2 2014-05-30
02Line 2 Ningbo 33.95 km (21.10 mi) 25 6 B2 2015-09-26
03Line 3 Ningbo 16.73 km (10.40 mi)[70] 15 6 B2 2019-06-30
Yinfeng line Ningbo 21.53 km (13.38 mi)[71] 9 6 B2 2019-09-28
04Line 4 Ningbo 35.95 km (22.34 mi) 25 6 B2 2020-12-23
01Line 1 Qingdao 21.9 km (13.6 mi) 15 6 B1 2020-12-24
02Line 2 Qingdao 24.387 km (15.153 mi) 21 6 B1 2017-12-10
03Line 3 Qingdao 24.472 km (15.206 mi)[37] 22 6 B1 2015-12-16
08Line 8 Qingdao 48.3 km (30.0 mi) 11 6 B1 2020-12-24
11Line 11 Qingdao 57.686 km (35.844 mi) 21 4 B1 2018-04-23
13Line 13 Qingdao 66.813 km (41.516 mi) 21 4 B1 2018-12-26
01Line 1 Shanghai 36.9 km (22.9 mi)[37] 28 8 A 1993-05-28
02Line 2 Shanghai 60.3 km (37.5 mi)[37] 30 4/8 A 2000-06-11
03Line 3 Shanghai 40.2 km (25.0 mi)[37] 29 6 A 2000-12-26
04Line 4 Shanghai 33.8 km (21.0 mi)[37] 26 8 A 2005-12-31
05Line 5 Shanghai 32.6 km (20.3 mi)[37] 19 4 C 2003-11-25
06Line 6 Shanghai 32.7 km (20.3 mi)[37] 28 4 C 2007-12-29
07Line 7 Shanghai 43.9 km (27.3 mi)[37] 32 6 A 2009-12-05
08Line 8 Shanghai 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[37] 30 6/7 C 2007-12-29
09Line 9 Shanghai 63.9 km (39.7 mi)[37][46] 35 6 A 2007-12-29
10Line 10 Shanghai 46 km (29 mi)[37] 37 6 A 2010-04-10
11Line 11 Shanghai 81.4 km (50.6 mi)[37] 39 6 A 2009-12-31
12Line 12 Shanghai 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[37] 32 6 A 2013-12-29
13Line 13 Shanghai 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[37] 31 6 A 2012-12-30
15Line 15 Shanghai 42.3 km (26.3 mi) 30 6 A 2021-01-23
16Line 16 Shanghai 58.8 km (36.5 mi)[37] 13 3/6 A 2013-12-29
17Line 17 Shanghai 34.7 km (21.6 mi)[37] 13 6 A 2017-12-30
18Line 18 Shanghai 14.5 km (9.0 mi) 8 6 A 2020-12-26
Pujiang line Shanghai 06.6 km (4.1 mi) 6 4 z-people_moverP 2018-03-31
Maglev line Shanghai ML 30.0 km (18.6 mi)[37] 2 5 z-maglevMH 2004-01-01
01Line 1 Shenyang 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[37] 22 6 B2 2009-09-23
02Line 2 Shenyang 33.06 km (20.54 mi)[37] 26 6 B2 2012-01-08
09Line 9 Shenyang 28.996 km (18.017 mi)[72] 23 6 B2 2019-05-25
10Line 10 Shenyang 27.21 km (16.91 mi) 21 6 B2 2020-04-29[73]
01Line 1 Shenzhen 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[37] 30 6 A 2004-12-28
02Line 2 Shenzhen 35.8 km (22.2 mi)[37] 29 6 A 2010-12-08
03Line 3 Shenzhen 41.6 km (25.8 mi)[37] 30 6 B1 2010-12-28
04Line 4 Shenzhen 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[37] 15 6 A 2004-12-28
05Line 5 Shenzhen 47.393 km (29.449 mi)[74] 34 6 A 2011-06-22
06Line 6 Shenzhen 49.4 km (30.7 mi) 27 6 A 2020-08-18[75]
07Line 7 Shenzhen 30.2 km (18.8 mi)[37] 28 6 A 2016-10-28
08Line 8 Shenzhen 12.367 km (7.684 mi) 7 6 A 2020-10-28
09Line 9 Shenzhen 36.18 km (22.48 mi) 32 6 A 2016-10-28
10Line 10 Shenzhen 29.3 km (18.2 mi) 24 8 A 2020-08-18[75]
11Line 11 Shenzhen 51.9 km (32.2 mi)[37] 18 8 A 2016-06-28
01Line 1 Shijiazhuang 34.3 km (21.3 mi) 26 6 A 2017-06-26
02Line 2 Shijiazhuang 15.5 km (9.6 mi)[76] 15 6 A 2020-08-26[76]
03Line 3 Shijiazhuang 11.8 km (7.3 mi) 10 6 A 2017-06-26
01Line 1 Suzhou 25.7 km (16.0 mi)[37] 24 4 B1 2012-04-28
02Line 2 Suzhou 42.2 km (26.2 mi)[37] 35 5 B1 2013-12-28
03Line 3 Suzhou 45.272 km (28.1 mi)[77] 37 6 B1 2019-12-25[78]
04Line 4 Suzhou 52.8 km (32.8 mi)[46] 37 6 B1 2017-04-15
04Line 2 Taiyuan 23.647 km (14.694 mi) 23 6 A 2020-12-26
01Line 1 Tianjin 42.227 km (26.2 mi) 27 6 B1 1984-12-28
02Line 2 Tianjin 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[37] 19 6 B1 2012-07-01
03Line 3 Tianjin 33.6 km (20.9 mi)[37] 26 6 B1 2012-10-01
05Line 5 Tianjin 34.8 km (21.6 mi)[79][80] 27 6 B2 2018-10-22
06Line 6 Tianjin 45 km (28 mi)[37] 39 6 B2 2016-08-06
09Line 9 Tianjin 52.2 km (32.4 mi)[37] 21 4 B2 2004-03-28
01Line 1 Ürümqi 27.615 km (17.159 mi) 21 6 A 2018-10-25
99s1Line S1 Wenzhou 53.5 km (33.2 mi) 18 4 D 2019-01-23
01Line 1 Wuhan 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[37][46] 30 4 B1 2004-07-28
02Line 2 Wuhan 60.3 km (37.5 mi) 38 6 B1 2012-12-28
03Line 3 Wuhan 30.1 km (18.7 mi)[37] 24 6 B1 2015-12-28
04Line 4 Wuhan 49.7 km (30.9 mi) 37 6 B1 2013-12-28
06Line 6 Wuhan 36.1 km (22.4 mi)[37] 27 6 A 2016-12-28
07Line 7 Wuhan 47.0 km (29.2 mi) 26 6 A 2018-10-01
08Line 8 Wuhan 39 km (24 mi)[46] 27 6 A 2017-12-26
11Line 11 Wuhan 23.5 km (14.6 mi) 14 6 A 2018-10-01
Yangluo line Wuhan 35.0 km (21.7 mi)[46] 15 4 A 2017-12-26
01Line 1 Wuxi 34.6 km (21.5 mi) 27 6 B1 2014-07-01
02Line 2 Wuxi 26.3 km (16.3 mi)[81][37] 21 6 B1 2014-12-28
03Line 3 Wuxi 28.493 km (17.70 mi)[82] 21 6 B 2020-10-28
01Line 1 Xi'an 31.45 km (19.54 mi)[83] 23 6 B2 2013-09-15
02Line 2 Xi'an 26.715 km (16.600 mi)[84] 21 6 B2 2011-09-16
03Line 3 Xi'an 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[37] 26 6 B2 2016-11-08
04Line 4 Xi'an 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 29 6 B2 2018-12-26
05Line 5 Xi'an 41.6 km (25.8 mi) 31 6 B2 2020-12-28
04Line 6 Xi'an 15.6 km (9.7 mi) 13 6 B2 2020-12-28
04Line 9 Xi'an 25.3 km (15.7 mi) 15 6 B2 2020-12-28
14Airport intercity railway Xi'an 29.31 km (18.21 mi) 9 6 B2 2019-09-29
01Line 1 Xiamen 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[46] 24 6 B2 2017-12-31
02Line 2 Xiamen 41.64 km (25.87 mi) 32 6 B2 2019-12-25[85]
01Line 1 Xuzhou 21.967 km (13.650 mi)[86] 18 6 B? 2019-09-28
01Line 2 Xuzhou 24.25 km (15.07 mi)[86] 21 6 B? 2020-11-28
01Line 1 Zhengzhou 41.2 km (25.6 mi)[87] 30 6 B2 2013-12-28[88]
02Line 2 Zhengzhou 30.9 km (19.2 mi)[89][90] 22 6 B2 2016-08-19
03Line 3 Zhengzhou 25.49 km (15.84 mi) 21 6 A 2020-12-26
04Line 4 Zhengzhou 29.287 km (18.2 mi) 27 6 B 2020-12-26
05Line 5 Zhengzhou 40.4 km (25.1 mi)[91] 32 6 A 2019-05-20
14Line 14 Zhengzhou 7.455 km (4.632 mi)[92] 6 6 B 2019-09-19
Chengjiao line Zhengzhou 31.7 km (19.7 mi)[93] 15 6 B2 2017-01-12

Commencement dates of lines and extensions[edit]

Legend

  – Lines / extensions in operation.
  – Lines / extensions under testing.

lines and extensions by commencement date
Line Section Commencement Length
     Line 1 (Beijing Subway) Pingguo Yuan Gucheng 1973-04-23 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Gucheng Yuquan Lu 1971-11-07 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Yuquan Lu Gongzhufen 1971-08-05 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Gongzhufen Nanlishi Lu 1969-10-01 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Nanlishi Lu Fuxing Men 1987-12-28 00.4 km (0.25 mi)
Fuxing Men Xidan 1992-09-12 01.6 km (0.99 mi)
Xidan Tian'anmen Xi (W) 2000-06-28 01.3 km (0.81 mi)
Tian'anmen Xi (W) Sihui Dong (E) 1999-09-28 10.1 km (6.28 mi)
     Line 2 (Beijing Subway) Changchun Jie Beijing railway station 1987-12-28[H 2] 06.1 km (3.79 mi)
Beijing railway station Jianguo Men 1987-12-28 01.0 km (0.62 mi)
Jianguo Men Fuxing Men 1984-09-20 15.2 km (9.44 mi)
Fuxing Men Changchun Jie 1987-12-28 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 4 (Beijing Subway) Anheqiao Bei (N) Gongyi Xiqiao 2009-09-28 28.2 km (17.52 mi)
     Line 5 (Beijing Subway) Tiantongyuan Bei (N) Songjiazhuang 2007-10-07 27.6 km (17.15 mi)
     Line 6 (Beijing Subway) Jin'an Qiao Haidian Wuluju 2018-12-30 10.556 km (6.56 mi)[94]
Haidian Wuluju Caofang 2012-12-30 29.882 km (18.57 mi)
Caofang Lucheng 2014-12-28 12.751 km (7.92 mi)
     Line 7 (Beijing Subway) Beijing West railway station Jiaohua Chang 2014-12-28 23.7 km (14.73 mi)[95]
Jiaohua Chang Huazhuang[b] 2019-12-28[97] 16.6 km (10.31 mi)[98]
     Line 8 (Beijing Subway) Zhuxinzhuang Huilongguan Dongdajie 2013-12-28 06.359 km (3.95 mi)
Huilongguan Dongdajie Forest Park South Gate 2011-12-31 10.700 km (6.65 mi)
Forest Park South Gate Beitucheng 2008-07-19 03.583 km (2.23 mi)
Beitucheng Gulou Dajie 2012-12-30 03.375 km (2.10 mi)
Gulou Dajie Nanluogu Xiang 2013-12-28 02.090 km (1.30 mi)
Nanluogu Xiang National Art Museum 2018-12-30 01.88 km (1.17 mi)[94]
Zhushi Kou Yinghai 2018-12-30 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
     Line 9 (Beijing Subway) National Library Beijing West railway station 2012-12-30 10.282 km (6.39 mi)
Beijing West railway station Guogongzhuang 2011-12-31 05.349 km (3.32 mi)
     Line 10 (Beijing Subway) Xiju Bagou 2012-12-30 13.843 km (8.60 mi)
Bagou Jinsong 2008-07-19 24.680 km (15.34 mi)
Jinsong Shoujingmao 2012-12-30 15.932 km (9.90 mi)
Shoujingmao Xiju 2013-05-05 03.420 km (2.13 mi)
     Line 13 (Beijing Subway) Xizhi Men Huoying 2002-09-28 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huoying Dongzhi Men 2003-01-28 20.0 km (12.43 mi)
     Line 14 (Beijing Subway) Zhangguozhuang Xiju 2013-05-05 12.4 km (7.71 mi)[39]
Beijing South railway station Jintai Lu 2015-12-26 16.6 km (10.31 mi)[39]
Jintai Lu Shan'gezhuang 2014-12-28 14.8 km (9.20 mi)[39]
     Line 15 (Beijing Subway) Qinghua Donglu Xikou Wangjing Xi (W) 2014-12-28 09.944 km (6.18 mi)
Wangjing Xi (W) Houshayu 2010-12-30 17.725 km (11.01 mi)
Houshayu Fengbo 2011-12-31 11.060 km (6.87 mi)
     Line 16 (Beijing Subway) Bei'anhe Xi Yuan 2016-12-31 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
Xi Yuan Ganjia Kou 2020-12-31[99] 10.9 km (6.77 mi)[99]
     S1 line (Beijing Subway) Shichang Jin'an Qiao 2017-12-30 9.1 km (5.65 mi)
     Ba Tong line Sihui Tu Qiao 2003-12-27 18.9 km (11.74 mi)
Tu Qiao Huazhuang[b] 2019-12-28[97] 4.5 km (2.80 mi)[98]
     Capital Airport Express Dongzhi Men Terminal 3/Terminal 2 2008-07-19 28.5 km (17.71 mi)
     Changping line Changping Xishankou Nanshao 2015-12-26 21.3 km (13.24 mi)[100]
Nanshao Xi'erqi 2010-12-30 10.6 km (6.59 mi)[101]
     Daxing Airport Express Caoqiao Daxing Airport 2019-09-26[43] 41.36 km (25.70 mi)
     Daxing line Gongyi Xiqiao Tiangong Yuan 2010-12-30 21.7 km (13.48 mi)
     Fangshan line Dongguantou Nan(S) Guogongzhuang 2020-12-31[99] 5 km (3.11 mi)
Guogongzhuang Dabaotai 2011-12-31 24.79 km (15.4 mi)[44]
Dabaotai Suzhuang 2010-12-30
Suzhuang Yancun Dong (E) 2017-12-30 02.2 km (1.4 mi)[45]
     Yanfang line Yancun Dong (E) Yanshan 2017-12-30 13.37 km (8.31 mi)
     Yizhuang line Songjiazhuang Ciqu 2010-12-30 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
Ciqu Yizhuang Railway Station 2018-12-30 1.334 km (0.83 mi)
     Line 1 (Changchun Subway) North Ring Road Hongzuizi 2017-06-30 18.14 km (11.27 mi)[47]
     Line 2 (Changchun Subway) Shuangfeng Dongfang Square 2018-08-30 20.5 km (12.74 mi)[48]
     Line 4 (Changchun Subway) Changchun Railway Station (North) Dongdaqiao Bridge 2012-05-07 03.3 km (2.05 mi)
Dongdaqiao Bridge Tiangong Road 2011-06-30 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 8 (Changchun Subway) North Ring Road Guangtong Road 2018-10-30 13.3 km (8.26 mi)[50]
     Line 1 (Changsha Metro) Kaifu District Government Shangshuangtang 2016-06-28 23.55 km (14.63 mi)
     Line 2 (Changsha Metro) West Meixi Lake Wangchengpo 2015-12-28 04.279 km (2.66 mi)
Wangchengpo Guangda 2014-04-29 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
     Line 3 (Changsha Metro) Shantang Guangsheng 2020-06-28 36.5 km (22.68 mi)[51]
     Line 4 (Changsha Metro) Guanziling Dujiaping 2019-05-26 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Line 5 (Changsha Metro) Maozhutang Shuiduhe 2020-06-28 22.5 km (13.98 mi)[51]
     Changsha Maglev Express Changshanan Huanghua Airport 2016-05-06 18.55 km (11.53 mi)
     Line 1 (Changzhou Metro) Forest Park Nanxiashu 2019-09-21 34.24 km (21.28 mi)[23]
     Line 1 (Chengdu Metro) Weijianian Shengxian Lake 2018-03-18 1.46 km (0.91 mi)
Shengxian Lake Century City 2010-09-27 18.5 km (11.50 mi)
Century City Guangdu 2015-07-25 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Guangdu Wugensong 2018-03-18 1.21 km (0.75 mi)
Sihe Science City 2018-03-18 14.33 km (8.90 mi)
     Line 2 (Chengdu Metro) Xipu Chadianzi Bus Terminal 2013-06-08 08.8 km (5.47 mi)
Chadianzi Bus Terminal Chengdu Institute of Public Administration 2012-09-16 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Chengdu Institute of Public Administration Longquanyi 2014-10-26 11.1 km (6.90 mi)
     Line 3 (Chengdu Metro) Chengdu Medical College Chengdu Junqu General Hospital 2018-12-26 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
Chengdu Junqu General Hospital Taipingyuan 2016-07-31 20.33 km (12.63 mi)
Taipingyuan Shuangliu West Station 2018-12-26 12.3 km (7.64 mi)
     Line 4 (Chengdu Metro) Wansheng Intangible Cultural Heritage Park 2017-06-02 10.8 km (6.71 mi)
Intangible Cultural Heritage Park Wannianchang 2015-12-26 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Wannianchang Xihe 2017-06-02 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 5 (Chengdu Metro) Huagui Road Huilong 2019-12-27 49.018 km (30.46 mi)
     Line 6 (Chengdu Metro) Wangcong Temple Lanjiagou 2020-12-18[102] 69 km (43 mi)[103]
     Line 7 (Chengdu Metro) North Railway Station North Railway Station 2017-12-06 38.61 km (23.99 mi)
     Line 8 (Chengdu Metro) Lianhua Shilidian 2020-12-18[102] 29 km (18 mi)
     Line 9 (Chengdu Metro) Financial City East Huangtianba 2020-12-18[102] 22 km (14 mi)
     Line 10 (Chengdu Metro) Taipingyuan Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport 2017-09-06 10.937 km (6.8 mi)[53]
Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport Xinping 2019-12-27 27.035 km (16.8 mi)[54]
     Line 17 (Chengdu Metro) Jinxing Jitouqiao 2020-12-18[102] 26 km (16 mi)
     Line 18 (Chengdu Metro) South Railway Station Sancha 2020-09-27[55] 48 km (30 mi)
Sancha Tianfu International Airport North 2020-12-18[102] 20 km (12 mi)
     Line 1 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chaotianmen Xiaoshizi 2020-12-31 0.8 km (0.50 mi)
Xiaoshizi Jiaochangkou 2011-09-27 01.4 km (0.87 mi)
Jiaochangkou Shapingba 2011-07-28 14.2 km (8.82 mi)
Shapingba Daxuecheng 2012-12-21 19.7 km (12.24 mi)
Daxuecheng Jiandingpo 2014-12-30 01.9 km (1.18 mi)
Jiandingpo Bishan 2019-12-30[104] 5.6 km (3.48 mi)[105]
     Line 2 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Jiaochangkou Daping 2004-12-11 07.66 km (4.76 mi)
Daping Zoo 2004-11-06 04.95 km (3.08 mi)
Zoo Xinshancun 2006-07-01 05.54 km (3.44 mi)
Xinshancun Yudong 2014-12-31 13.15 km (8.17 mi)
     Line 3 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Yudong Chongqing Jiaotong University 2012-12-28 16.197 km (10.06 mi)
Chongqing Jiaotong University Lianglukou 2011-12-30 08.66 km (5.38 mi)
Lianglukou Yuanyang 2011-09-29 17.323 km (10.76 mi)
Yuanyang Changfulu 2011-10-08 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Changfulu Terminal 2 of Jiangbei Airport 2011-12-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Bijin Jurenba 2016-12-28 11.0 km (6.84 mi)
     Line 4 (Chongqing Rail Transit) North Square of Chongqing North Railway Station Tangjiatuo 2018-12-28 13.1 km
Min'an Ave. North Square of Chongqing North Railway Station 2019-01-11 2.3 km
     Line 5 (Chongqing Rail Transit) The EXPO Garden Center Dalongshan 2017-12-28 13.59 km (8.44 mi)
Dalongshan Dashiba 2018-12-24 2.51 km (1.56 mi)
Shiqiaopu Tiaodeng 2021-01-20 18.34 km (11.40 mi)[106]
     Line 6 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chayuan Wulidian 2014-12-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Wulidian Kangzhuang 2012-09-28 13.91 km (8.64 mi)
Kangzhuang Lijia 2012-12-26 03.9 km (2.42 mi)
Lijia Yuelai 2013-05-15 12.1 km (7.52 mi)
Lijia Beibei 2013-12-31 23.4 km (14.54 mi)
Yuelai Shaheba 2020-12-31 13.987 km (8.69 mi)
     Line 10 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Wangjiazhuang Liyuchi 2017-12-28 33.7 km (20.94 mi)
     Loop line (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chongqing Library Haixialu 2018-12-28 33.7 km (20.94 mi)[56]
Haixialu Erlang 2019-12-30[104] 9.5 km (5.90 mi)
Erlang Chongqing Library 2021-01-20 7.6 km (4.72 mi)[106]
     Line 1 (Dalian Metro) Yaojia Fuguo Street 2015-10-30 16.50 km (10.25 mi)
Fuguo Street Convention & Exhibition Center 2016-01-29 01.21 km (0.75 mi)
Convention & Exhibition Center Hekou 2017-06-07 05.63 km (3.50 mi)
     Line 2 (Dalian Metro) Xinzhaizi Airport 2018-06-28 3.12 km (1.94 mi)
Airport Conference Center 2015-05-22 20.7 km (12.86 mi)
Conference Center Haizhiyun 2017-06-07 03.78 km (2.35 mi)
     Line 3 (Dalian Metro) Dalian Railway Station Golden Pebble Beach 2003-05-01 49.15 km (30.54 mi)
Dalian Development Area Jiuli 2008-12-28 14.3 km (8.89 mi)
     Line 12 (Dalian Metro) Hekou Caidaling 2017-06-07 01.27 km (0.79 mi)
Caidaling Lüshun New Port 2013-12-30 37.52 km (23.31 mi)
     Line 2 (Dongguan Rail Transit) Humen Railway Station Dongguan Railway Station 2016-05-27 37.7 km (23.43 mi)
     Line 1 (Fuzhou Metro) Xiangfeng Sanchajie 2017-01-06 15.13 km (9.40 mi)
Sanchajie Fuzhou South Railway Station 2016-05-18 09.76 km (6.06 mi)
Fuzhou South Railway Station Sanjiangkou 2020-12-27
     Line 2 (Fuzhou Metro) Suyang Yangli 2019-04-26 30.62 km (19.03 mi)
     Line 1 (Guangzhou Metro) Xilang Huangsha 1997-06-28 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Huangsha Guangzhou East Railway Station 1999-06-28 13.1 km (8.14 mi)
     Line 2 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Jiangnanxi 2010-09-25 12.7 km (7.89 mi)
Jiangnanxi Sanyuanli 2002-12-29 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
Sanyuanli Jiahewanggang 2010-09-25 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 3 (Guangzhou Metro) Panyu Square Kecun 2006-12-30 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
Kecun Guangzhou East Railway Station 2005-12-26 07.8 km (4.85 mi)
Guangzhou East Railway Station Airport South (Terminal 1) 2010-10-30 29.3 km (18.21 mi)
Airport South (Terminal 1) Airport North (Terminal 2) 2018-04-26 1.23 km (0.76 mi)
Tiyu Xilu Tianhe Coach Terminal 2006-12-30 07.5 km (4.66 mi)
     Line 4 (Guangzhou Metro) Nansha Passenger Port Jinzhou 2017-12-28 13.6 km (8.45 mi)
Jinzhou Huangge 2007-06-28 05.1 km (3.17 mi)
Huangge Xinzao 2006-12-30 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
Xinzao Wanshengwei 2005-12-26 16.2 km (10.07 mi)
Wanshengwei Chebeinan 2009-12-28 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
Chebeinan Huangcun 2010-09-25 02.0 km (1.24 mi)
     Line 5 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiaokou Wenchong 2009-12-28 31.9 km (19.82 mi)
     Line 6 (Guangzhou Metro) Xunfenggang Changban 2013-12-28 24.5 km (15.22 mi)
Changban Xiangxue 2016-12-28 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
     Line 7 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Higher Education Mega Center South 2016-12-28 18.6 km (11.56 mi)
     Line 8 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiaoxin Cultural Park 2020-11-26[107] 16.3 km (10.13 mi)[107]
Cultural Park Fenghuang Xincun 2019-12-28 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
Fenghuang Xincun Changgang 2010-11-03 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Changgang Xiaogang 2010-09-25 00.6 km (0.37 mi)
Xiaogang Pazhou 2010-09-25[H 3] 09.0 km (5.59 mi)
Pazhou Wanshengwei 2010-09-25[H 4] 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
     Line 9 (Guangzhou Metro) Fei'eling Gaozeng 2017-12-28 20.1 km (12.49 mi)
     Line 13 (Guangzhou Metro) Yuzhu Xinsha 2017-12-28 28.3 km (17.58 mi)
     Line 14 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiahewanggang Dongfeng 2018-12-28 54.3 km (33.74 mi)
Xinhe Zhenlong 2017-12-28 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
     Line 21 (Guangzhou Metro) Zhenlongxi Zengcheng Square 2018-12-28 26.2 km (16.28 mi)[108]
Yuancun Zhenlongxi 2019-12-20[109] 35.3 km (21.93 mi)[108]
     Zhujiang New Town APM line Linhexi Canton Tower 2010-11-08 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
     Guangfo line Xincheng Dong Kuiqi Lu 2016-12-28 06.7 km (4.16 mi)
Kuiqi Lu Xilang 2010-09-25 20.4 km (12.68 mi)
Xilang Yangang 2015-12-28 07.3 km (4.54 mi)
Yangang Lijiao 2018-12-28 05.5 km (3.42 mi)
     Line 1 (Guiyang Metro) Douguan Xiamaixi 2019-12-28 ? km
Xiamaixi Guiyangbei Railway Station 2017-12-28 12.9 km (8.02 mi)[110]
Guiyangbei Railway Station Xiaomeng Industrial Park 2018-12-01 ? km
     Line 1 (Hangzhou Metro) Xianghu Wenze Road 2012-11-24 34.77 km (21.61 mi)
Wenze Road Xiasha Jiangbin 2015-11-24 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Xiasha Jiangbin Xiaoshan International Airport 2020-12-30 11.2 km (6.96 mi)[111]
Coach Center Linping 2012-11-24 11.70 km (7.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Hangzhou Metro) Chaoyang Qianjiang Road 2014-11-24 18.3 km (11.37 mi)
Qianjiang Road Gucui Road 2017-07-03 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
Gucui Road Liangzhu 2017-12-27 13.3 km (8.26 mi)
     Line 4 (Hangzhou Metro) Pengbu Jinjiang 2015-02-02 09.6 km (5.97 mi)
Jinjiang Puyan 2018-01-09 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 5 (Hangzhou Metro) Jinxing Liangmu Road 2020-04-23 6.52 km (4.05 mi)
Liangmu Road Shanxian 2019-06-24 17.76 km (11.04 mi)[112]
Shanxian Guniangqiao 2020-04-23 30.86 km (19.18 mi)
     Line 6 (Hangzhou Metro) Qianjiang Century City Shuangpu 2020-12-30 27 km (17 mi)[111]
Xiangshan Campus China Academy of Art West Guihua Road 2020-12-30 23.5 km (14.6 mi)[111]
     Line 7 (Hangzhou Metro) Olympic Sports Center Jiangdong'er Road 2020-12-30[111] 39.3 km (24.42 mi)[111]
     Line 16 (Hangzhou Metro) Jiuzhou Street Lvting Road 2020-04-23 35.12 km (21.82 mi)[61]
     Line 1 (Harbin Metro) Harbin East Railway Station Harbin South Railway Station 2013-09-26 17.47 km (10.86 mi)
Harbin South Railway Station Xinjiang Street 2019-04-10 8.58 km (5.33 mi)
     Line 3 (Harbin Metro) Harbinxizhan Yidaeryuan 2017-01-26 03.67 km (2.28 mi)
     Line 1 (Hefei Metro) Hefei Railway Station Jiulianwei 2016-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
     Line 2 (Hefei Metro) Nangang Sanshibu 2017-12-26 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 3 (Hefei Metro) Xiangchenglu Xingfuba 2019-12-26[62] 37.2 km (23.12 mi)[62]
     Line 5 (Hefei Metro) Wanghuchengxi Guiyanglu 2020-12-26 25.2 km (15.66 mi)[113]
     Line 1 (Hohhot Metro) Yili Health Valley Bayan (Airport) 2019-12-29 21.719 km (13.5 mi)[63]
     Line 2 (Hohhot Metro) Talidonglu A'ershanlu 2020-10-01 27.32 km (17.0 mi)[64]
     Airport Express (MTR) Hong Kong Airport 1998-07-06 34.27 km (21.29 mi)
Airport AsiaWorld–Expo 2005-12-20 01.03 km (0.64 mi)
     Disneyland Resort line Sunny Bay Disneyland Resort 2005-08-01 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
     East Rail line Hung Hom Mong Kok East 1984-02-27[H 5] 02.36 km (1.47 mi)
Mong Kok East Fanling 1984-02-27[H 6] 25.73 km (15.99 mi)
Fanling Sheung Shui 1984-02-27[H 7] 01.49 km (0.93 mi)
Sheung Shui Lo Wu 1984-02-27[H 8] 03.48 km (2.16 mi)
Sheung Shui Lok Ma Chau 2007-08-15 07.35 km (4.57 mi)
     Island line Kennedy Town Sheung Wan 2014-12-28 02.78 km (1.73 mi)
Sheung Wan Admiralty 1986-05-23 01.54 km (0.96 mi)
Admiralty Chai Wan 1985-05-31 10.75 km (6.68 mi)
     Kwun Tong line Whampoa Yau Ma Tei 2016-10-23 02.70 km (1.68 mi)
Yau Ma Tei Mong Kok 1979-12-31 00.73 km (0.45 mi)
Mong Kok Shek Kip Mei 1982-05-10 01.40 km (0.87 mi)
Shek Kip Mei Kwun Tong 1979-10-01 08.41 km (5.23 mi)
Kwun Tong Lam Tin 1989-10-01 00.89 km (0.55 mi)
Lam Tin Yau Tong 2002-08-04 01.13 km (0.70 mi)
Yau Tong Tiu Keng Leng 2002-08-18 02.15 km (1.34 mi)
     South Island line Admiralty South Horizons 2016-12-28 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
     Tseung Kwan O line North Point Yau Tong 2002-08-04 04.35 km (2.70 mi)
Yau Tong Po Lam 2002-08-18 05.26 km (3.27 mi)
Tseung Kwan O LOHAS Park 2009-07-26 03.06 km (1.90 mi)
     Tsuen Wan line Central Tsim Sha Tsui 1980-02-12 03.27 km (2.03 mi)
Tsim Sha Tsui Jordan 1979-12-31 00.86 km (0.53 mi)
Jordan Tsuen Wan 1982-05-10 11.71 km (7.28 mi)
     Tuen Ma line Wu Kai Sha Tai Wai 2004-10-24 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
Tai Wai Kai Tak 2020-02-14[114] 5.6 km (3.5 mi)
     Tung Chung line Tung Chung Hong Kong 1998-06-21 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
     West Rail line Hung Hom East Tsim Sha Tsui 2004-10-24 01.24 km (0.77 mi)
East Tsim Sha Tsui Nam Cheong 2009-08-16 04.42 km (2.75 mi)
Nam Cheong Tuen Mun 2003-12-20 29.48 km (18.32 mi)
     Line 1 (Jinan Metro) Fangte Gongyanyuan 2019-04-01 26.1 km (16.22 mi)
     Line 3 (Jinan Metro) Longdong Tantou 2019-12-28[66] 21.592 km (13.42 mi)
     Line 1 (Kunming Metro) South Ring Road Xiaodongcun 2014-04-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Xiaodongcun University Town South 2013-05-20 22.1 km (13.73 mi)
Chunrong Street Kunming South Railway Station 2016-12-26 04.7 km (2.92 mi)
     Line 2 (Kunming Metro) North Coach Station South Ring Road 2014-04-30 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
     Line 3 (Kunming Metro) Western Hills Park East Coach Station 2017-08-29 23.36 km (14.52 mi)
     Line 4 (Kunming Metro) Jinchuan Road Kunming South Railway Station 2020-09-23 43.4 km (27.0 mi)
     Line 6 (Kunming Metro) East Coach Station Kunming Airport 2012-06-28 18.018 km (11.196 mi)[115]
Tangzixiang East Coach Station 2020-09-23 7.3 km (4.5 mi)
Line 1 (Lanzhou Metro) Chenguanying Donggang 2019-06-23 25.9 km (16.09 mi)[27]
Taipa line Oceano Terminal Marítimo da Taipa 2019-12-10[28] 09.3 km (5.78 mi)[28]
     Line 1 (Nanchang Metro) Shuanggang Yaohu Lake West 2015-12-26 28.737 km (17.86 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanchang Metro) Xinjia'an Metro Central 2019-06-30 11.88 km (7.38 mi)[67]
Metro Central Nanlu 2017-08-18 19.63 km (12.20 mi)[67]
Line 3 (Nanchang Metro) Yinsanjiao North Jingdong Avenue 2020-12-26 28.5 km (17.71 mi)[116]
     Line 1 (Nanjing Metro) Maigaoqiao Andemen 2005-09-03 21.72 km (13.50 mi)
Andemen CPU 2010-05-28 25.08 km (15.58 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanjing Metro) Youfangqiao Jingtianlu 2010-05-28 37.95 km (23.58 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanjing Metro) Linchang Mozhou­donglu 2015-04-01 44.9 km (27.90 mi)
     Line 4 (Nanjing Metro) Longjiang Xianlinhu 2017-01-18 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Line 10 (Nanjing Metro) Andemen Xiaohang 2005-08-27 02.1 km (1.30 mi)
Xiaohang Olympic Stadium 2014-07-01 04.6 km (2.86 mi)
Olympic Stadium Yushanlu 2014-07-01 14.9 km (9.26 mi)
     Line S1 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Lukou International Airport 2014-07-01 35.8 km (22.25 mi)
Lukou International Airport Konggangxinchengjiangning 2018-05-26 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
     Line S3 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Gaojiachong 2017-12-06 37.6 km (23.36 mi)
     Line S7 (Nanjing Metro) Konggangxinchengjiangning Wuxiangshan 2018-05-26 30.4 km (18.89 mi)
     Line S8 (Nanjing Metro) Taishan­xincun Jinniuhu 2014-08-01 45.2 km (28.09 mi)
     Line S9 (Nanjing Metro) Xiangyulunan Gaochun 2017-12-30 52.4 km (32.56 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanning Metro) Shibu Nanhu 2016-12-28 20.9 km (12.99 mi)
Nanhu Nanning East Railway Station 2016-06-28 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanning Metro) Xijin Yudong 2017-12-28 21.2 km (13.17 mi)
Yudong Tanze 2020-11-23 6.3 km (3.91 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanning Metro) Keyuan Dadao Pingliang Overpass 2019-06-06 27.9 km (17.34 mi)[69]
     Line 4 (Nanning Metro) Hongyun Lu Lengtangcun 2020-11-23 20.7 km (12.86 mi)[69]
     Line 1 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Gaoqiao West Donghuan South Road 2014-05-30 20.8 km (12.92 mi)
Donghuan South Road Xiapu 2016-03-19 25.3 km (15.72 mi)
     Line 2 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Lishe International Airport Qingshuipu 2015-09-26 28.4 km (17.65 mi)
Qingshuipu Congyuan Road 2020-05-30[117] 5.6 km (3.48 mi)[117]
     Line 3 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Datong Bridge Gaotang Bridge 2019-06-30 16.73 km (10.40 mi)[70]
     Yinfeng line Gaotang Bridge Minghui Road 2019-09-28 5.61 km (3.49 mi)[118]
Minghui Road Jinhai Road 2020-09-27[71] 15.92 km (9.89 mi)
     Line 4 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Cicheng Dongqian Lake 2020-12-23 36.5 km (22.68 mi)
Line 1 (Qingdao Metro) Dongguozhuang Qingdao North Railway Station 2020-12-24 21.9 km (13.6 mi)[119]
     Line 2 (Qingdao Metro) Taishan Road Zhiquan Road 2019-12-16 4.2 km (2.61 mi)[120]
Zhiquan Road Licun Park 2017-12-10 20.422 km (12.69 mi)
     Line 3 (Qingdao Metro) Qingdao North Railway Station Shuangshan 2015-12-16 12.0 km (7.46 mi)
Shuangshan Qingdao Railway Station 2016-12-18 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
Line 8 (Qingdao Metro) Jiaozhou North Railway Station Qingdao North Railway Station 2020-12-24 48.3 km (30.0 mi)[119]
     Line 11 (Qingdao Metro) Miaoling Road Qiangu Mountain 2017-04-23 54.4 km (33.80 mi)
     Line 13 (Qingdao Metro) Jinggangshan Road Dongjiakou Railway Station 2018-12-26 66.813 km
     Line 1 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Shanghai South Railway Station 1996-12-28 05.3 km (3.29 mi)
Shanghai South Railway Station Xujiahui 1993-05-28 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Xujiahui Shanghai Railway Station 1995-04-10 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
Shanghai Railway Station Gongfu Xincun 2004-12-28 12.4 km (7.71 mi)
Gongfu Xincun Fujin Road 2007-12-29 04.3 km (2.67 mi)
     Line 2 (Shanghai Metro) East Xujing Songhong Road 2010-03-16 08.6 km (5.34 mi)
Songhong Road Zhongshan Park 2006-12-30 06.8 km (4.23 mi)
Zhongshan Park Longyang Road 2000-06-11 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
Longyang Road Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park 2000-12-26 02.8 km (1.74 mi)
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Guanglan Road 2010-02-24 03.4 km (2.11 mi)
Guanglan Road Pudong International Airport 2010-04-08 26.8 km (16.65 mi)
     Line 3 (Shanghai Metro) Shanghai South Railway Station Jiangwan Town 2000-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
Jiangwan Town North Jiangyang Road 2006-12-18 15.7 km (9.76 mi)
     Line 4 (Shanghai Metro) Damuqiao Road Lancun Road 2005-12-31 25.0 km (15.53 mi)
Lancun Road Damuqiao Road 2007-12-29 08.7 km (5.41 mi)
     Line 5 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Minhang Development Zone 2003-11-25 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
Dongchuan Road Fengxian Xincheng 2018-12-30 19.5 km (12.12 mi)
     Line 6 (Shanghai Metro) Gangcheng Road South Lingyan Road 2007-12-29 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
South Lingyan Road Oriental Sports Center 2011-04-12 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 7 (Shanghai Metro) Meilan Lake Shanghai University 2010-12-28 09.8 km (6.09 mi)
Shanghai University Huamu Road 2009-12-05 34.4 km (21.38 mi)
     Line 8 (Shanghai Metro) Shiguang Road Yaohua Road 2007-12-29 23.3 km (14.48 mi)
Yaohua Road Shendu Highway 2009-07-05 14.1 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 9 (Shanghai Metro) Songjiang South Railway Station Songjiang Xincheng 2012-12-30 06.474 km (4.02 mi)
Songjiang Xincheng Guilin Road 2007-12-29 29.013 km (18.03 mi)
Guilin Road Yishan Road 2008-12-28 01.687 km (1.05 mi)
Yishan Road Century Avenue 2009-12-31 11.491 km (7.14 mi)
Century Avenue Middle Yanggao Road 2010-04-07 02.435 km (1.51 mi)
Middle Yanggao Road Caolu 2017-12-30 14.099 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 10 (Shanghai Metro) Hangzhong Road Xinjiangwancheng 2010-04-10 29.6 km (18.39 mi)
Hongqiao Railway Station Longxi Road 2010-11-30 05.8 km (3.60 mi)
Xinjiangwancheng Jilong Road 2020-12-26 09.8 km (6.09 mi)[121]
     Line 11 (Shanghai Metro) Disney Resort Kangxin Highway 2016-04-26 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
Kangxin Highway Luoshan Road 2015-12-19 10.4 km (6.46 mi)
Luoshan Road Jiangsu Road 2013-08-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Jiangsu Road North Jiading 2009-12-31 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
Jiading Xincheng Anting 2010-03-29 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
Anting Huaqiao 2013-10-16 07.0 km (4.35 mi)
     Line 12 (Shanghai Metro) Qixin Road Qufu Road 2015-12-19 21.8 km (13.55 mi)
Qufu Road Tiantong Road 2014-05-10 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Tiantong Road Jinhai Road 2013-12-29 17.5 km (10.87 mi)
     Line 13 (Shanghai Metro) Jinyun Road Jinshajiang Road 2012-12-30 09.9 km (6.15 mi)
Jinshajiang Road Changshou Road 2014-12-28 02.9 km (1.80 mi)
Changshou Road Madang Road 2015-12-19 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Madang Road Shibo Avenue 2010-04-20 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
Shibo Avenue Zhangjiang Road 2018-12-30 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
Line 15 (Shanghai Metro) Gucun Park Zizhu Hi-tech Zone 2021-01-23 42.3 km (26.28 mi)
     Line 16 (Shanghai Metro) Longyang Road Luoshan Road 2014-12-28 06.112 km (3.80 mi)
Luoshan Road Dishui Lake 2013-12-29 52.850 km (32.84 mi)
     Line 17 (Shanghai Metro) Hongqiao Railway Station Oriental Land 2017-12-30 35.3 km (21.93 mi)
     Line 18 (Shanghai Metro) Hangtou Yuqiao 2020-12-26 14.5 km (9.01 mi)[121]
Pujiang line Shendu Highway Huizhen Road 2018-03-31 06.6 km (4.10 mi)
     Maglev line Longyang Road Pudong International Airport 2004-01-01 30.5 km (18.95 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenyang Metro) Shisanhaojie Limingguangchang 2010-09-27 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenyang Metro) Putianlu Hangkonghangtiandaxue 2018-04-08 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Hangkonghangtiandaxue Santaizi 2013-12-30 05.6 km (3.48 mi)
Santaizi Quanyunlu 2012-01-09 21.76 km (13.52 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenyang Metro) Nujianggongyuan Jianzhudaxue 2019-05-25 28.996 km (18.02 mi)[72]
     Line 10 (Shenyang Metro) Dingxianghu Zhangshabu 2020-04-29[73] 27.21 km (16.91 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenzhen Metro) Luohu Window of the World 2004-12-28 17.387 km (10.80 mi)
Window of the World Shenzhen University 2009-09-28 03.400 km (2.11 mi)
Shenzhen University Airport East 2011-06-15 20.222 km (12.57 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Window of the World 2010-12-28 15.514 km (9.64 mi)
Window of the World Xinxiu 2011-06-28 20.266 km (12.59 mi)
Xinxiu Liantang 2020-10-28 3.82 km (2.37 mi)
     Line 3 (Shenzhen Metro) Yitian Caopu 2011-06-28 16.522 km (10.27 mi)
Caopu Shuanglong 2010-12-28 25.138 km (15.62 mi)
Yitian Futian Bonded Area 2020-10-28 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
     Line 4 (Shenzhen Metro) Futian Checkpoint Fumin 2007-06-28 01.100 km (0.68 mi)
Fumin Children's Palace 2004-12-28 03.379 km (2.10 mi)
Children's Palace Qinghu 2011-06-16 15.481 km (9.62 mi)
Qinghu Niuhu 2020-10-28 10.791 km (6.71 mi)
     Line 5 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Qianhaiwan 2019-09-28 7.65 km (4.75 mi)
Qianhaiwan Huangbeiling 2011-06-22 40.00 km (24.85 mi)
     Line 6 (Shenzhen Metro) Science Museum Songgang 2020-08-18[75] 49.4 km (30.7 mi)
     Line 7 (Shenzhen Metro) Xili Lake Tai'an 2016-10-28 30.173 km (18.75 mi)[122]
     Line 8 (Shenzhen Metro) Liantang Yantian Road 2020-10-28 12.367 km (7.7 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenzhen Metro) Qianwan Hongshuwan South 2019-12-08 10.79 km (6.70 mi)
Hongshuwan South Wenjin 2016-10-28 25.39 km (15.78 mi)[122]
     Line 10 (Shenzhen Metro) Shuangyong Street Futian Checkpoint 2020-08-18[75] 29.3 km (18.2 mi)
     Line 11 (Shenzhen Metro) Bitou Futian 2016-06-28 51.94 km (32.27 mi)
     Line 1 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xiwang Xiaohedadao 2017-06-26 23.9 km (14.9 mi)[123]
Xiaohedadao Fuze 2019-06-26 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[124]
Line 2 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Liuxinzhuang Jiahualu 2020-08-26[76] 15.5 km (9.6 mi)[76]
     Line 3 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xisanzhuang Shierzhong 2020-01-20[125] 05.4 km (3.4 mi)[125]
Shierzhong Shijiazhuangzhan 2017-06-26 06.4 km (4.0 mi)[123]
     Line 1 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Mudu Zhongnan Jie 2012-04-28 25.739 km (15.99 mi)
     Line 2 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Qihe Suzhou North Railway Station 2016-09-24 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Suzhou North Railway Station Baodaiqiao South 2013-12-28 26.557 km (16.50 mi)
Baodaiqiao South Sangtian Dao 2016-09-24 11.643 km (7.23 mi)
     Line 3 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Suzhou Xinqu Railway Station Weiting 2019-12-25 45.272 km (28.1 mi)[77]
     Line 4 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Longdaobang Tongli 2017-04-15 41.5 km (25.79 mi)
Hongzhuang Muli 2017-04-15 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
Line 2 (Taiyuan Metro) Jiancaoping Xiqiao 2020-12-26[126] 23.65 km (14.70 mi)[33]
     Line 1 (Tianjin Metro) Donggulu[127] Lilou 2019-12-28 ? km
Lilou Shuanglin 2018-12-03 ? km
Shuanglin Xiaobailou 2006-06-12 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
Xiaobailou Xi'nanjiao 1980-08-10 05.2 km (3.23 mi)
Xi'nanjiao Xizhan 1984-12-28 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Xizhan Liuyuan 2006-06-12 08.2 km (5.10 mi)
     Line 2 (Tianjin Metro) Caozhuang Dongnanjiao 2012-07-01 09.1 km (5.65 mi)
Dongnanjiao Tianjinzhan 2013-08-28 01.95 km (1.21 mi)
Tianjinzhan Konggang­jingjiqu 2012-07-01 11.6 km (7.21 mi)
Konggang­jingjiqu Binhaiguojijichang 2014-08-28 04.5 km (2.80 mi)
     Line 3 (Tianjin Metro) Nanzhan Gaoxinqu 2013-12-28 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Gaoxinqu Xiaodian 2012-10-01 29.655 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 5 (Tianjin Metro) Beichenkejiyuanbei Danhebeidao 2019-01-31 ? km
Danhebeidao Zhongyiyifuyuan 2018-10-22 ? km
     Line 6 (Tianjin Metro) Nansunzhuang Changhong­gongyuan 2016-12-31 14.5 km (9.01 mi)
Changhong­gongyuan Nancuiping 2016-08-06 09.5 km (5.90 mi)
Nancuiping Meilinlu 2018-04-26 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 9 (Tianjin Metro) Tianjinzhan Shiyijinglu 2012-10-15 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
Shiyijinglu Zhongshanmen 2011-05-01 06.151 km (3.82 mi)
Zhongshanmen Donghailu 2004-03-28 45.409 km (28.22 mi)
Line 1 (Ürümqi Metro) International Airport Balou 2018-10-25 16.5 km (10.25 mi)[128]
Balou Santunbei 2019-06-28 11.1 km (6.90 mi)[128]
Line S1 (Wenzhou Metro) Tongling Olympic Center 2019-01-23 34.38 km (21.36 mi)[129]
Olympic Center Shuang'ou Avenue 2019-09-28 19.127 km (11.9 mi)[130]
     Line 1 (Wuhan Metro) Hankou North Dijiao 2014-05-28 05.555 km (3.45 mi)
Dijiao Huangpu Road 2010-07-29 07.040 km (4.37 mi)
Huangpu Road Zongguan 2004-07-28 09.769 km (6.07 mi)
Zongguan Dongwu Boulevard 2010-07-29 11.454 km (7.12 mi)
Dongwu Boulevard Jinghe 2017-12-26 03.970 km (2.47 mi)
     Line 2 (Wuhan Metro) Tianhe International Airport Jinyintan 2016-12-28 19.957 km (12.40 mi)
Jinyintan Optics Valley Square 2012-12-28 27.152 km (16.87 mi)
Optics Valley Square Fozuling 2019-02-19 13.350 km (8.30 mi)
     Line 3 (Wuhan Metro) Hongtu Boulevard Zhuanyang Boulevard 2015-12-28 29.660 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 4 (Wuhan Metro) Wuhan Railway Station Wuchang Railway Station 2013-12-28 17.974 km (11.17 mi)
Wuchang Railway Station Huangjinkou 2014-12-28 15.429 km (9.59 mi)
Huangjinkou Bailin[131] 2019-09-25 16.068 km (9.98 mi)[132]
     Line 6 (Wuhan Metro) Jinyinhu Park Dongfeng Motor Corporation 2016-12-28 36.1 km (22.43 mi)
     Line 7 (Wuhan Metro) Garden Expo North Yezhihu 2018-10-01 30.413 km (18.90 mi)
Yezhihu Qinglongshan Ditiexiaozhen 2018-12-28 16.97 km (10.54 mi)
     Line 8 (Wuhan Metro) Jintan Road Liyuan 2017-12-26 16.7 km (10.38 mi)
Liyuan Yezhihu 2021-01-02 17.6 km (10.94 mi)
Yezhihu Military Athletes' Village 2019-11-06[34] 4.84 km (3.01 mi)[34]
     Line 11 (Wuhan Metro) Wuhandong Railway Station Zuoling 2018-10-01 18.744 km (11.65 mi)
Zuoling Gediannan Railway Station 2021-01-02 3.7 km (2.30 mi)
     Yangluo line Houhu Boulevard Jintai 2017-12-27 34.5 km (21.44 mi)
     Line 1 (Wuxi Metro) Yanqiao Changguangxi 2014-07-01 29.42 km (18.28 mi)
Changguangxi Nanfangquan 2019-09-28 5.187 km (3.22 mi)[133]
     Line 2 (Wuxi Metro) Meiyuan Kaiyuan Temple Wuxi East Railway Station 2014-12-28 26.3 km (16.34 mi)[81]
     Line 3 (Wuxi Metro) Sumiao Shuofang Airport 2020-10-28 28.493 km (17.70 mi)[82]
     Line 1 (Xi'an Metro) Fenghesenlingongyuan Houweizhai 2019-09-26 6.093 km (3.79 mi)[83]
Houweizhai Fangzhicheng 2013-09-15 25.36 km (15.76 mi)[83]
     Line 2 (Xi'an Metro) Beikezhan Huizhan Zhongxin 2011-09-16 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huizhan Zhongxin Weiqunan 2014-06-16 06.0 km (3.73 mi)
     Line 3 (Xi'an Metro) Yuhuazhai Baoshuiqu 2016-11-08 39.1 km (24.30 mi)
     Line 4 (Xi'an Metro) Beikezhan (Beiguangchang) Hangtian Xincheng 2018-12-26 35.2 km (21.87 mi)
Line 5 (Xi'an Metro) Chuangxingang Matengkong 2020-12-28 41.6 km (25.85 mi)[134]
Line 6 (Xi'an Metro) Xi'anguojiyixuezhongxin Xibeigongyedaxue 2020-12-28 15.6 km (9.69 mi)[135]
Line 9 (Xi'an Metro) Fangzhicheng Qinlingxi 2020-12-28 25.3 km (15.72 mi)[136]
     Airport intercity railway (Xi'an) Airport West (T1, T2, T3) Beikezhan (Beiguangchang) 2019-09-29 29.31 km (18.21 mi)
     Line 1 (Xiamen Metro) Yannei Zhenhai Road 2017-12-31 30.3 km (18.83 mi)
     Line 2 (Xiamen Metro) Wuyuanwan Tianzhushan 2019-12-25[85] 41.64 km (25.87 mi)
     Line 1 (Xuzhou Metro) Luwo Xuzhoudong Railway Station 2019-09-28 21.967 km (13.65 mi)[86]
     Line 2 (Xuzhou Metro) Keyunbei Xinchengqudong 2020-11-28 24.25 km (15.07 mi)[86]
     Line 1 (Zhengzhou Metro) Henan University of Technology Xiliuhu 2017-01-12 09.65 km (6.00 mi)[137]
Xiliuhu Zhengzhou Sports Center 2013-12-28[88] 26.2 km (16.28 mi)[138]
Zhengzhou Sports Center Wenyuanbeilu 2017-01-12 05.36 km (3.33 mi)[137]
Wenyuanbeilu New Campus of Henan University 2019-11-21
     Line 2 (Zhengzhou Metro) Jiahe Liuzhuang 2019-12-28[90] 10.25 km (6.37 mi)[90]
Liuzhuang Nansihuan 2016-08-19 20.649 km (12.83 mi)[89]
     Line 3 (Zhengzhou Metro) Henan Sports Center Henan Orthopaedics Hospital 2020-12-26 25.49 km (15.84 mi)
     Line 4 (Zhengzhou Metro) Laoyachen Langzhuang 2020-12-26 29.29 km (18.20 mi)
     Line 5 (Zhengzhou Metro) Yuejigongyuan (loop) Yuejigongyuan (loop) 2019-05-20 40.4 km (25.10 mi)[91]
     Line 14 (Zhengzhou Metro) Tielu Olympic Sports Center 2019-09-19 7.455 km (4.63 mi)
     Chengjiao line Nansihuan Xinzheng International Airport 2017-01-12 31.7 km (19.70 mi)[93]
  1. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track line since 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  2. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 1 since 1 October 1969 (1969-10-01).
  3. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 28 June 2003 (2003-06-28).
  4. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 26 December 2005 (2005-12-26).
  5. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 February 1974 (1974-11-30).
  6. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  7. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 16 May 1930 (1930-05-16).
  8. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 14 October 1949 (1949-10-14).

Currently operational[edit]

Anhui[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.

Hefei Metro
合肥地铁
Locale Hefei

 1   2   3   5 

 1  Phase 3
 2  East extension
 3  South extension
 4 
 5  North Section

合肥轨道交通-第三批.svg
Began operation 26 December 2016
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 97
Network length 114.78 km (71 mi)
Ridership 1,230,200 (31 December 2020 record). 179.8 million (2019)

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Beijing Subway simplified logo.svg
Beijing Subway (BGD)
北京地铁
Locale Beijing & Langfang

 1   2   4   5   6   7   8   9 
 10   13   14   15   16   S1 
 Batong   Capital Airport   Changping   Daxing Airport   Daxing   Fangshan   Yanfang   Yizhuang 


 1  Military section renovation
 3  Phase 1
 8  Middle section
 11 
 12 
 14  Lize section
 16  Southern section
 17 
 19  Phase 1
 Changping  Southern extension
 S1  Eastern extension
 Capital Airport  Western extension
 Daxing Airport  Northern extension

Beijing-Subway-Plan en.png [Note 1]
[139]
[140]
[141]
Began operation 1 October 1969
Lines in operation 23
No. of stations 394 (List)
Network length 690.5 km (429.1 mi)[c]
Ridership 10,824,301 (2019 daily avg.)[21]
13,738,800 (12 July 2019 record). 3,950.9 million (2019).
Shijiazhuang Metro.svg
Shijiazhuang Metro
石家庄地铁
Locale Shijiazhuang

 1   2   3 

 1  Dongshangze & Dongyang
 3  Phase 1 east section & Phase 2
Shijiazhuang Metro System Map 2017.png
Began operation 26 June 2017
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 51 (List)
Network length 61.6 km (38.3 mi)[31]
Ridership 479,900 (31 December 2020 record). 95.7 million (2019).
Tianjin Rail Transit logo.svg
Tianjin Metro
天津地铁
Locale Tianjin

 1   2   3   5   6   9 

 4  Phase 1
 6  Phase 2
 7  Phase 1
 8   10  Phase 1
 11  Phase 1
 Z4  Phase 1
 B1 

Tianjin Metro System Map Plan2022 201806.png [Note 2]
Began operation 30 September 2003
(28 December 1984 old system)
Lines in operation 6
No. of stations 159 (List)
Network length 233.2 km (144.9 mi)
Ridership 1,869,000 (31 December 2019 record). 523.5 million (2019).

Chongqing-Sichuan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Chengdu Metro icon.svg
Chengdu Metro
成都地铁
Locale Chengdu

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 17 18

8 Phase 2
10 Phase 3
13 Phase 1
17 Phase 2
18 Phase 3
19 Phase 2
27 30

Chengdu Metro Planning.svg
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 13
No. of stations 373 (List)
Network length 558.5 km (347.0 mi)
Ridership 5,649,500 (daily record)
1398 million (2019 annual)
CRT Logo.svg
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)
Chongqing Metro
重庆轨道交通
Locale Chongqing

1 2 3 4 5 6 10 Loop

4 Phase 2
5 Middle section & Phase 2
9 Phase 1 & 2
10 Phase 2 18 Phase 1

Chongqing Rail Transit system map 201812 ver 20190126.png [142]
[143]
[144]
Began operation 6 November 2004
Lines in operation 8
No. of stations 187
Network length 370 km (230 mi)
Ridership 3,872,000 (peak day)
2,846,356 (daily avg.)
1038.9 million (2019)

Fujian[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Fuzhou Metro logo.svg
Fuzhou Metro
福州地铁
Locale Fuzhou  1   2 

 1  Phase 2 northern section
 4  Phase 1
 5  Phase 1
 6 

Map of Fuzhou Metro.svg
Began operation 18 May 2016
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 43
Network length 55.5 km (34 mi)
Ridership 553,600 (31 December 2020 Record)
107.4 million (2019 annual)
Amoy Metro logo.svg
Xiamen Metro (AMTR)
厦门地铁
Locale Xiamen

 1   2 

 3 
 4  Phase 1
 6  Phase 1

XiamenRT 2020Future CNS+EN.svg
Began operation 31 December 2017
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 52
Network length 71.9 km (44.7 mi)
Ridership 559,900 (31 Dec 2020 Record)
113.966 million (2020 annual)

Gansu[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
LanzhouRailTransit.png
Lanzhou Metro
兰州轨道交通
Locale Lanzhou  1   2  Lanzhou Metro.svg
Began operation 23 June 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 20
Network length 25.9 km (16.1 mi)[27]
Ridership 301,300 (1 Oktober 2020 Record)
32.4 million (2019 annual)

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Dongguan Rail Transit logo.svg
Dongguan Rail Transit
Dongguan Metro
东莞轨道交通
Locale Dongguan  2   2  Phase 3 DG 2030.PNG
Began operation 27 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 15
Network length 37.743 km (23 mi)
Ridership 300,300 (1 Oktober 2019 record). 53.6 million (2019).

Foshan Metro (FMetro)
佛山地铁
Locale Foshan (Guangzhou)

 Guangfo 

 2  Phase 1
 3 

FMetro Plan Map en.svg [Note 3]
[Note 4]
Began operation 3 November 2010
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 22 (List)
Network length 34.4 km (21 mi)
Ridership 677,900 (31 December 2020 record).
Guangzhou Metro icon.svg
Guangzhou Metro
广州地铁
Locale Guangzhou

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   13   14   21 
 APM   Guangfo 

 3  Eastern extension
 5  Eastern extension
 7  Phase 2 & Western extension
 10 
 11 
 12 
 13  Phase 2
 14  Mainline Phase 2
 18 
 22 

GZMetro-2-EN-Antilovsky.svg [Note 3]
[145]
[146]
[147]
Began operation 28 June 1997
Lines in operation 14
No. of stations 282(List)
Network length 531.1 km (330.0 mi)
Ridership 11,569,400 (31 December 2019 record). 3305.9 million (2019 annual)

Macau Light Rapid Transit
(Metro Ligeiro de Macau, MLM)
澳門輕軌
Locale Macau  Taipa   Taipa  Barra extension
 Seac Pai Van 
 Leste 
 Ponte HMZ Shuttle 
Sistema de Mapa da 1ª Fase de Metro Ligeiro de Macau.png
Began operation 10 December 2019[28]
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 11
Network length 9.3 km (6 mi)[28]
Ridership 48,700 (25 December 2019 record). 0.6 million (2019)
MTR logo.svg
Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵
including Kowloon–Canton Railway
Locale Hong Kong

Kwun Tong Tuen Ma South Island Tung Chung East Rail West Rail Island Tseung Kwan O Tsuen Wan Disneyland Resort Airport Express

East Rail Extension

Hk-rds2014-wikipedia.png [Note 5]
Began operation 2 December 2007
(1 October 1979 old MTR)
(1 October 1910 KCR)
Lines in operation 11
No. of stations 93 (List)
Network length 175 km (109 mi)
Ridership 8,864,700 (22 January 2020 record). 3128.1 million (2019 annual)
Shenzhen Metro Corporation logo.svg
Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Locale Shenzhen

1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
9 10 11

3 East Ext
5 West Ext
6 Branch
8 phase 2
11 phase 2
12
13
14
16
20

Shenzhen Metro Extension Plan 2025.png [148]
[149]
[150]
Began operation 28 December 2004
Lines in operation 11
No. of stations 283 (List)
Network length 411 km (255 mi)
Ridership 7,708,300 (31 December 2010). 2017.6 million (2019 annual)

Guangxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Nanning Rail Transit.png
Nanning Metro
南宁地铁
Locale Nanning

 1   2   3   4 

 5  Phase 1

Nanning Rail Transit System Map Plan2022 2018.png
Began operation 28 June 2016
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 91
Network length 108.0 km (67 mi)
Ridership 1,432,600 (1 January 2021 record). 273.3 million (2019).

Guizhou[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
GuiyangMetro.png
Guiyang Metro (GYURT)
贵阳地铁(贵阳轨道交通)
Locale Guiyang

 1 

 2  Phase 1 & 2
 3  Phase 1
 S1  Phase 1

Guiyang Urban Rail Transit Map.png
Began operation 28 December 2017
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 25
Network length 35.11 km (21.8 mi)
Ridership 183,000 (2 December 2018 record). 50.6 million (2019).

Heilongjiang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Harbin Metro logo.svg
Harbin Metro
哈尔滨地铁
Locale Harbin

 1   3 

 2  Phase 1
 3  Phase 2

Harbin Metro System Map Plan2020 2018.png
Began operation 26 September 2013
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 26
Network length 31.5 km (20 mi)
Ridership 392,400 (31 December 2019). 103.2 million (2019).

Henan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Zhengzhou Metro logo.svg
Zhengzhou Metro
郑州地铁
Locale Zhengzhou

 1   2   3   4 
 5   14   Chengjiao 

 3  Phase 2
 6  Phase 1
 7  Phase 1
 8  Phase 1
 10  Phase 1
 12  Phase 1
 17 
 Chengjiao  Phase 2

System Map of Zhengzhou Metro (with realistic scale).png
Began operation 28 December 2013
Lines in operation 7
No. of stations 151
Network length 213.2 km (132 mi)
Ridership 2,221,760 (31 December 2020 record). 411.2 million (2019).

Hubei[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Wuhan Metro Logo.svg
Wuhan Metro
武汉地铁
Locale Wuhan

 1   2   3   4 
 6   7   8   11 
 Yangluo 

 5 
 6  Phase 2
 7  Qianchuan extension
 11  Eastern section
 12  Phase 1 & 2
 16  Phase 1

Wuhan Metro System Map en.svg [151]
[152]
Began operation 28 July 2004
Lines in operation 9
No. of stations 228[34]
Network length 339 km (211 mi)[34]
Ridership 1229 million (2019 annual)[21]
4,456,200 (4 April 2019 Peak)[153]

Hunan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
ChangshaMaglev.svg
Changsha Maglev Express
长沙磁浮快线
Locale Changsha

 Maglev 

Changsha Maglev Map.jpg
Began operation 6 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 3
Network length 18.7 km (12 mi)
Ridership
Changsha Metro logo.svg
Changsha Metro
长沙地铁
Locale Changsha

 1   2   3   4   5 

 3  Southern extension
 6 

Changsha Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 29 April 2014
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 111
Network length 142.5 km (88.5 mi)
Ridership 2,656,900 (31 December 2020 record). 378.2 million (2020).

Inner Mongolia[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.

Hohhot Metro
呼和浩特地铁
Locale Hohhot  1   2  Hohhot Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 29 December 2019
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 44
Network length 49.0 km (30.4 mi)
Ridership 239,400 (31 December 2020 record). 0.2 million (2019).

Jiangxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
NanChang Metro logo.svg
Nanchang Metro
南昌地铁
Locale Nanchang  1   2   3 

 4 

Nanchang Metro Route Map 201806.png
Began operation 26 December 2015
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 72
Network length 88.7 km (55 mi)
Ridership 1,447,000 (31 December 2020 record). 174.9 million (2019).

Jilin[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.

Changchun Rail Transit
长春轨道交通(长春地铁)
Locale Changchun

 1   2   3   4   8 

 2  Western extension
 5   6   7 
 9  (Airport line)

Changchun Metro System Map.png
Began operation 30 Οctober 2002
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 93
Network length 100.2 km (62 mi)
Ridership 938,000 (20 December 2019). 213.9 million (2019 annual)[22]

Liaoning[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Dalian Metro Logo Image Only.svg
Dalian Metro
大连地铁
Locale Dalian

 1   2   3   12 

 2  Phase 2
 5 
 13 

Dalian Metro System Map 201806.png [154]
Began operation 8 November 2002
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 69 (List)
Network length 157.88 km (98 mi)[24]
Ridership 724,900 (7 August 2019 record). 203.9 million (2019).
Shenyang Metro Corporation Logo.svg
Shenyang Metro
沈阳地铁
Locale Shenyang

 1   2   9   10 

 2  Southern extension
 3 
 4 

Shenyang Metro System Map.svg
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 91 (List)
Network length 115.9 km (72 mi)
Ridership 1,375,300 (15 November 2019 record). 358.6 million (2019).

Shaanxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Xian Metro logo.svg
Xi'an Metro
西安地铁
Locale Xi'an & Xianyang

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   9   Airport 

 1  Phase 3
 2  Phase 2

 6  Phase 2
 8 
 9  Phase 1
 10 
 14   15   16 

Xi'an Metro System Map 2018.png
Began operation 16 September 2011
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 100
Network length 161.8 km (101 mi)
Ridership 4,073,041 (31 December 2020). 945.4 (2019 annual).

Shandong[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
JinanMetro.svg
Jinan Metro
济南地铁
Locale Jinan

 1   2   3 

Jinan Metro Map.png
Began operation 1 April 2019
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 40
Network length 84.3 km (52 mi)
Ridership 66,800 (31 December 2020 record). 5.75 million (2019).
Qingdao Metro.svg
Qingdao Metro
青岛地铁
Locale Qingdao

 1   2   3   8   11   13 

 1  South Section
 2  (extension)
 4 
 6 
 7  Phase 1
 8  South Section
 13  Phase 2

Qingdao Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 16 December 2015
Lines in operation 6
No. of stations 110
Network length 246.2 km (153.0 mi)
Ridership 861,300 (31 December 2020 record). 187.5 million (2019).

Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
ChangzhouMetro.svg
Changzhou Metro
常州地铁
Locale Changzhou  1   2  Changzhou Metro Route Map.png
Began operation 21 September 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 29
Network length 34.24 km (21 mi)
Ridership 243,000 (31 October 2019 record). 10.3 million (2019).
Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
Hangzhou Metro
杭州地铁
Locale Hangzhou

 1   2   4   5   6   7   16 

 3  Mainline & Branch
 5  Ext. to Laoyuhang
 6  Phase 2
 7  Remaining section
 8  Phase 1
 9  Southern section
 10 
 Haining 
 Hangshao 

Hangzhou Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 24 November 2012
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 135 (list)
Network length 206 km (128 mi)
Ridership 3,141,400 (31 December 2020 record). 634 million (2019).
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro
南京地铁
Locale Nanjing

 1   2   3   4   10 
 S1   S3   S7   S8   S9 

 1  Northern extension
 2  Western extension
 5 
 6 
 7 
 10  Phase 2  S4 
 S6 
 S8  Southern extension

NJmetro20150401.png [155]
[156]
[157][158]
Began operation 3 September 2005
Lines in operation 10
No. of stations 159
Network length 378 km (235 mi)
Ridership 4,219,000 (31 December 2020 record). 1151.9 million (2019).

Ningbo Rail Transit
Ningbo Metro
宁波轨道交通
Locale Ningbo

 1   2   3   Yinfeng   4 

 2  Phase 2
 3  Phase 2
 5  Phase 1

Ningbo Rail Transit System Map en.svg
Began operation 30 May 2014
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 103
Network length 154.31 km (95.88 mi)
Ridership 1,014,600 (31 December 2020 record). 167.2 million (2019).
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg
Shanghai Maglev Train (SMT)
上海磁浮示范运营线
Locale Shanghai

 Maglev 

Shanghai Maglev Layout.png
Began operation 31 December 2002
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 2
Network length 30.5 km (19 mi)
Ridership
Shanghai Metro logo.svg
Shanghai Metro
上海地铁
Locale Shanghai (and Kunshan)

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   10   11   12 
 13   16   17   18 
 Pujiang 

 14 
 15 
 18  Phase 1 (North Section)

Shanghai Metro Linemap.svg [159]
[160]
[161]
[162]
Began operation 28 May 1993
Lines in operation 17
No. of stations 428[163] (List)
Network length 699.5 km (434.6 mi)
Ridership 13,294,400 (8 March 2019 record). 3880.1 million (2019).
Suzhou Rail Transit logo.svg
Suzhou Rail Transit
Suzhou Metro
苏州轨道交通
Locale Suzhou

 1   2   3   4 

 5   6   7   8   S1 
Suzhou Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 28 April 2012
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 134 (List)
Network length 164.1 km (102 mi)
Ridership 1,548,000 (2 May 2019 record). 363 million (2019).
WenzhouRailway.svg
Wenzhou Metro
温州轨道交通
Locale Wenzhou

 S1 

 S2 

Wenzhou Metro S1 Line.svg
Began operation 23 January 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 18
Network length 53.5 km (33 mi)
Ridership 71,800 (1 December 2020 not free record). 7.75 million (2019).
Wuxi Metro logo.svg
Wuxi Metro
无锡地铁
Locale Wuxi

 1   2   3 

 4  Phase 1
 S1 
Wuxi Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 1 July 2014
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 69
Network length 89.4 km (56 mi)
Ridership 526,900 (19 December 2020 record). 109.5 million (2019).
Xuzhou Metro Logo.svg
Xuzhou Metro
徐州地铁
Locale Xuzhou  1 
 2 
 3  Phase 1 Xuzhou Metro System Map.png
Began operation 28 September 2019
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 338
Network length 46.2 km (29 mi)[36]
Ridership 256,700 (31 December 2020 record). 7.5 million (2019).

Shanxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Taiyuan Metro logo.svg
Taiyuan Metro
太原轨道交通
Locale Taiyuan  2   1  Taiyuan Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 26 December 2020
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 23
Network length 23.6 km (15 mi)
Ridership 216,100 (1 January 2021 record).

Xinjiang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Ürümqi Metro logo.svg
Ürümqi Metro
乌鲁木齐地铁
Locale Ürümqi

 1 

 2 
 3 
 4 

Urumqi Metro Map Line1 2018.png
Began operation 25 October 2018
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 21
Network length 27.615 km (17 mi)
Ridership 124,667 (13 October 2019 record). 25.57 million (2019).

Yunnan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Kunming Rail Transit logo.svg
Kunming Metro
昆明地铁
Locale Kunming

 1   2   3   4   6 

 1  Northwestern extension
 2  Phase 2
 5 
 9 
 Songming 

Kunming Metro System Map 201806.png
Began operation 28 June 2012
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 92
Network length 137.8 km (86 mi)
Ridership 811,800 (30 September 2020 record). 214.1 million (2019).

Under construction[edit]

Metro
Maglev
Monorail

Construction suspended[edit]

Proposed[edit]


Notes

  1. ^ The first section of the Beijing Subway was completed in 1969 but did not open for trial operation until 1971 and it was restricted to riders with credential letters. The subway was fully opened to the public without credential letters in 1981.
  2. ^ The Tianjin Metro closed down for upgrades in 2001 and reopened in 2006.
  3. ^ a b The Guangzhou Metro annual ridership data is combined with Guangfo Metro.
  4. ^ The Guangfo Metro is also considered as Line 1 of Foshan Metro.
  5. ^ The Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) consists of the main MTR subway system, which opened in 1979, and the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), which opened in 1910 and was electrified in 1983. The two systems merged in 2007. Data no counts light rail lines. The ridership figures for the MTR does not include cross-border train service riders and includes only ridership on the MTR lines, airport express and light rail and certain MTR bus lines. The MTR compiles light rail and MTR bus line riders in one category so it is not possible to separate MTR bus riders from light rail riders. See [1]

Regional, suburban, & commuter rail[edit]

Regional, suburban, & commuter rail
Corridor Type System & Operator Location
(Provincial-level)
Service terminals Length Stations Opened
Sub-Central S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) Beijing LiangxiangQiaozhuang East 63.7 km (39.6 mi) 6 2017-12-31
S2 S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) Beijing & Hebei HuangtudianYanqing / Shacheng 108.3 km (67.3 mi) 6 2008-08-06
Huairou–Miyun S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) Beijing Beijing NorthGubeikou 144.6 km (89.9 mi) 7 2017-12-31
 Tongmi  S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) Beijing Tongzhou WestMiyun North / Huairou North 84.2 km (52.3 mi) 7 2020-06-30
 Jinji  S-train China Railway CR Beijing Tianjin TianjinJizhou North 112.60 km (69.97 mi) 9 2015-07-05
 Yangda  S-train China Railway CR Beijing Shanxi Yangquan NorthYangquan East 45.95 km (28.55 mi)[168] 3 2020-09-24[168]
 Yongyu  Shaoxing Urban  S-train Ningbo ICR logo.svg NBIR / SXSR (China Railway CR Shanghai) Zhejiang NingboHangzhou South 144 km (89 mi) 6 2017-06-10
 Lianyungang Suburban  S-train Lianyungang Suburban Railway (China Railway CR Shanghai) Jiangsu LianyungangLianyun 35.1 km (21.8 mi)[169] 5 2019-12-30[169]
 Haikou Suburban  S-train Haikou Suburban Railway (China Railway CR Guangzhou) Hainan HaikouMeilan 38.054 km (23.646 mi) 6 2019-07-01
 Changji  Jihun  C-train China Railway CR Shenyang Jilin Changchun WestHunchun 482 km (300 mi) 13 2015-09-20
 Changbai  Bai'a  C-train China Railway CR Shenyang Jilin & Inner Mongolia ChangchunUlanhot 435 km (270 mi) 18 2017-08-08
 Jingjin  C-train China Railway CR Beijing Beijing & Tianjin Beijing SouthBinhai 165 km (103 mi) 6 2008-08-01
 Jingxiong  C-train China Railway CR Beijing Beijing & Hebei Beijing WestDaxing Airport 48.224 km (29.965 mi) 3 2019-09-26[170]
 Zhengkai  C-train China Railway CR Zhengzhou Henan Zhengzhou EastKaifeng 57 km (35 mi) 4 2014-12-28
 Zhengjiao  C-train China Railway CR Zhengzhou Henan ZhengzhouJiaozuo 77 km (48 mi) 6 2015-06-26
 Zhengji  C-train China Railway CR Zhengzhou Henan Zhengzhou EastXinzheng Airport 28 km (17 mi) 2 2015-12-31
 Jinshan  C-train China Railway CR Shanghai Shanghai Shanghai SouthJinshanwei 56.4 km (35.0 mi) 8 2012-09-28
 Wuxiao  C-train China Railway CR Wuhan Hubei HankouXiaogan East 61.8 km (38.4 mi) 11 2016-12-01
 Wuxian  C-train China Railway CR Wuhan Hubei WuchangXianning South 91 km (57 mi) 13 2013-12-28
 Wuhuang  C-train China Railway CR Wuhan Hubei WuhanDaye North / Huanggang East 131 km (81 mi) 14 2014-06-18
 Chengguan  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu Sichuan ChengduQingchengshan / Pengzhou / Lidui Park 94.2 km (58.5 mi) 13 2010-05-12
 Chengpu  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu Sichuan Chengdu WestChaoyanghu 99 km (62 mi) 12 2018-12-28
 Guikai  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu Guizhou Guiyang NorthKaiyang 62 km (39 mi) 6 2015-05-01
 Yuwan  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu Chongqing Chongqing NorthWanzhou 247 km (153 mi) 7 2016-11-29
 Qingrong  C-train China Railway CR Jinan Shandong Qingdao NorthRongcheng 298 km (185 mi) 14 2014-12-29
 Guangzhu  C-train PRDIR logo without text.svg Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(China Railway CR Guangzhou)
Guangdong Guangzhou SouthZhuhai / Xinhui 143 km (89 mi) 22 2011-01-07
 Guangfozhao  C-train PRDIR logo without text.svg Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(China Railway CR Guangzhou)
Guangdong GuangzhouZhaoqing 79 km (49 mi) 11 2016-03-30
 Guanhui  C-train PRDIR logo without text.svg Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(China Railway CR Guangzhou)
Guangdong Dongguan WestXiaojinkou 103.1 km (64.1 mi)[171] 18 2016-03-30
 Guangshen  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou Guangdong GuangzhouShenzhen 147 km (91 mi) 8 2007-04-18
 Suishen  C-train PRDIR logo without text.svg Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(China Railway CR Guangzhou)
Guangdong Guangzhou EastShenzhen Airport 97 km (60 mi) 16 2019-12-15
 Zhuji  C-train PRDIR logo without text.svg Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(China Railway CR Guangzhou)
Guangdong ZhuhaiZhuhai Changlong 16.86 km (10.48 mi) 7 2020-08-18
 Xiashen  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou Guangdong Shenzhen NorthShanwei 156 km (97 mi) 6 2013-12-28
 Changzhutan  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou Hunan Changsha WestZhuzhou South / Xiangtan 97 km (60 mi) 21 2016-12-26
 Lanzhong  C-train China Railway CR Lanzhou Gansu Lanzhou WestZhongchuan Airport 61 km (38 mi) 6 2015-09-30

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Operated in two discontinuous sections.
  2. ^ a b Universal Resort station will open in 2021, together with the Universal Beijing Resort.[96] Currently, Huazhuang station is the terminal station for Line 7 and Batong line.
  3. ^ Not including Xijiao Line, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.

References[edit]

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