Urraca of Portugal

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Urraca of Portugal
Queen consort of León
Tenure1165 – 1171 or 1172
Born1148
Coimbra
Diedc. 1211
Wamba, Valladolid
Burial
Monastery of Santa María de Wamba
SpouseFerdinand II of León
IssueAlfonso IX of León
HousePortuguese House of Burgundy
FatherAfonso I of Portugal
MotherMaud of Savoy
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Urraca of Portugal (Portuguese pronunciation: [uˈʁakɐ]; (1148 – 1211) was the queen of León from 1165 until 1171 or 1172 as the wife of King Ferdinand II. She was the daughter of the first Portuguese king, Afonso I, and the mother of Alfonso IX. After her marriage to Ferdinand was annulled, the former queen became a nun.

Family[edit]

Urraca was born in Coimbra in 1148.[1] She was the daughter of Afonso I, the first king of Portugal, and Maud of Savoy. She had several siblings, including Sancho I. In May or June 1165, Urraca married Ferdinand II of León. The only son of this marriage, Alfonso IX, was born in Zamora on 15 August 1171.[2] The marriage of Ferdinand II and Urraca was annulled in 1171 or 1172 by Pope Alexander III because the two were second cousins, great-grandchildren of Alfonso VI of León and Castile.

Monasticism[edit]

After the annulment of her marriage, Urraca became a nun joining the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem and retired to live in the estates that her former husband had given her in the Carta de Arras (wedding tokens) in Zamora. Later, she retired in the Monastery of Santa María de Wamba which belonged to the aforementioned order.[3]

On 25 May 1176, Queen Urraca donated land and villas to the Order of Saint John, probably coinciding with her joining the order. These properties included Castroverde de Campos and Mansilla in León and Salas and San Andrés in Asturias.[4] She was present in 1188 at the coronation of her son Alfonso IX who inherited the throne after his father's death on 22 January 1188 and, in that same year, on 4 May, both confirmed the privileges granted by the former king to the Order of Santiago.[3] Her presence is registered for the last time in medieval charters in 1211 when she donated the village of Castrotorafe that she had received from her husband the king in 1165 as a wedding gift to the Cathedral of Zamora.[5][6]

Death[edit]

Queen Urraca died in Wamba, Valladolid, in 1211.[6] She was buried at the Monastery of Santa María de Wamba in what is now the province of Valladolid.[3] St Mary's, the former monastic church and the only part remaining of the ancient monastery, contains the Chapel of the Queen: a plaque that was placed there subsequently mentions that Queen Urraca had been interred in this church.[7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mattoso 2014, p. 226.
  2. ^ Arco y Garay 1954, p. 167.
  3. ^ a b c Arco y Garay 1954, p. 168.
  4. ^ García Tato 2004, pp. 133–134, doc. 31.
  5. ^ Gross 1998, pp. 1226–227.
  6. ^ a b Rodrigues Oliveira 2010, p. 79.
  7. ^ Elorza et al. 1990, p. 57.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Arco y Garay, Ricardo del (1954). Sepulcros de la Casa Real de Castilla. Madrid: Instituto Jerónimo Zurita. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. OCLC 11366237.
  • Elorza, Juan C.; Vaquero, Lourdes; Castillo, Belén; Negro, Marta (1990). Junta de Castilla y León. Consejería de Cultura y Bienestar Social (ed.). El Panteón Real de las Huelgas de Burgos. Los enterramientos de los reyes de León y de Castilla. Publisher Evergráficas S.A. ISBN 84-241-9999-5.
  • García Tato, Isidro (2004). Las encomiendas gallegas de la Orden Militar de San Juan de Jerusalén: Estudio y edición documental (in Spanish). Vol. I. Santiago de Compostela: Instituto de Estudios Gallegos "Padre Sarmiento. hdl:10261/49926. ISBN 840008250-8.
  • Gross, Georg (1998). "El fuero de Castrotorafe (1129). Transición a la documentación romanizadora". Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia (in Spanish). Madrid. CXCV, Cuaderno II: 221–229. ISSN 0034-0626.
  • Mattoso, José (2014). D. Afonso Henriques (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Temas e Debates. ISBN 978-972-759-911-0.
  • Rodrigues Oliveira, Ana (2010). Rainhas medievais de Portugal. Dezassete mulheres, duas dinastias, quatro séculos de História (in Portuguese). Lisbon: A esfera dos livros. ISBN 978-989-626-261-7.
Preceded by
Richeza of Poland
Queen consort of León
1165–1175
Succeeded by
Teresa Fernández de Traba