Villa Medicea L'Ambrogiana
The Villa L'Ambrogiana was a rural palace or villa built during the late-Renaissance by Ferdinand I de' Medici; it is located at the confluence of the rivers Pesa and Arno, in the municipality of Montelupo Fiorentino.
Originally, the site was occupied by a casino owned by the Ardinghetti, who sold it to the Corboli, and then to the Medici. Construction of the present palace took place circa 1587, putatively using designs of Bernardo Buontalenti, and built over a pre-existing structure. In the 19th century, the Leopold II converted the villa into a mental asylum. In 1886, it was converted into a jail for women and minors, and later into a jail for those judged mentally ill. The Villa and grounds in the 17th century were used by Francesco Redi for anatomic studies of leprosy, and by Andrea Scacciati and Bartolomeo Bimbi to create paintings of flora and fauna for the Grand-Duke Cosimo III de' Medici.
Still in use as an institution for psychiatric illness, guided visits to parts of the building can be requested.
- Nuova guida della citta di Firenze e d'altre citta' principali della Toscana, Presso Gaspero Ricci (1835) page 523.
- Itinerari Scientifici in Toscana Archived March 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine entry on the villa].
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