Virginia's 5th congressional district

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Virginia's 5th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Denver Riggleman
RNellysford
Distribution
  • 35.3[1]% urban
  • 64.7% rural
Population (2016)735,178[2]
Median income$54,726[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[4]

Virginia’s fifth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. It is Virginia's largest district with an area of 10,181.03 square miles (26,368.7 km2) and is larger in area than six US states (Vermont, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Hampshire). The 5th District contains counties located in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Region stretching vertically across the state from the Virginia-North Carolina Border going 250 miles up to Fauquier County in Northern Virginia, West of Washington DC.

The district’s first representative in Congress was James Madison, who defeated James Monroe in the district's first congressional election. Madison and Monroe would go on to serve as the 4th and 5th Presidents of the United States. The current Congressman is Republican Denver Riggleman. Historically, the 5th was one of the first districts of Virginia to turn Republican in Presidential elections – though unlike the 6th where the decisive factor was ticket-splitting by Byrd Organization Democrats, here the decisive factor was the growth of middle-class Republicanism in the Charlottesville metropolitan area. In the decade preceding the Voting Rights Act, these were joined by a significant proportion of Virginia’s limited and almost entirely white electorate who preferred GOP positions on black civil rights. The district was to be one of two in Virginia giving a plurality to segregationist George Wallace in 1968, and has never supported a Democrat for President since Harry S. Truman.

However, the district was continually represented in Congress by fairly conservative Democrats until Virgil H. Goode, Jr. switched parties, first to independent and then to Republican. In 2008, Democrat Tom Perriello defeated Goode by running on a progressive platform. Perriello lost to Republican Robert Hurt in 2010. Robert Hurt went on to served 3 terms until 2016. Then Republican Tom Garrett went on to serve 1 term until 2018 when he decided not to run for another term due to Alcoholism. Currently, the district is represented by Republican Denver Riggleman.

Area covered[edit]

It covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:

Counties[edit]

The entirety of:

Portions of:

Cities[edit]

Recent election results[edit]

2010[edit]

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2010[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 119.560 50.8%
Tom Perriello Democratic 110,562 47.0%
Jeffrey Clark Independent 4,992 2.1%
All Others 185 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 235,299

2012[edit]

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2012[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 193,009 55.4%
John Douglass Democratic 149,214 42.9%
Kenneth Hildebrandt Independent Green 5,500 1.6%
All Others 499 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 348,222

2014[edit]

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2014[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 124,735 60.9%
Walter Lawrence Gaughan Democratic 73,482 35.9%
Paul Jones Libertarian 4,298 2.1%
Kenneth Hildebrandt Independent Green 2,209 1.1%
All Others 224 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 204,948

2016[edit]

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2016[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Tom Garrett Republican 207,758 58.2%
Jane Dittmar Democratic 148,339 41.6%
All others 668 0.2%
Total votes cast 356,765

2018[edit]

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2018[6]

Took place on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with Republican Denver Riggleman winning the election. The incumbent, Tom Garrett, did not run for re-election.[7]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Denver Riggleman Republican 165,339 53.18
Leslie Cockburn Democratic 145,040 46.65
All others Write In 547 0.18
Total votes cast 310,926 100

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Term Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1789
James Madison.jpg
James Madison
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
George Hancock Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
John J. Trigg Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
5th
6th
7th
Elected in 1797.
Re-elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Thomas Lewis Jr. Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 5, 1804
8th Elected in 1803.
Election invalidated.
Senator Andrew Moore.jpg
Andrew Moore
Democratic-Republican March 5, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
8th [data unknown/missing]
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant August 12, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
8th
9th
10th
Elected to finish Moore's term.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Lost re-election.
JamesBreckinridge.jpg
James Breckinridge
Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
11th
12th
13th
14th
Elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
John Floyd (cropped).jpg
John Floyd
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
15th
16th
17th
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
Redistricted from the 16th district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
Vacant December 27, 1825 –
January 20, 1826
George W. Crump Jacksonian January 21, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
19th Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Retired.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th Elected in 1827.
Retired.
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1829.
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
May 24, 1833
23rd [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant May 25, 1833 –
August 25, 1833
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian August 26, 1833 –
February 11, 1834
23rd Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Died.
Vacant February 12, 1834 –
March 14, 1834
James Bouldin Jacksonian March 15, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
25th
Elected to finish his brother's term.
Retired.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Hill Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Edmund W. Hubard Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Thomas Gilmer newer.jpeg
Thomas W. Gilmer
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 18, 1844
28th [data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Vacant February 19, 1844 –
May 9, 1844
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig May 10, 1844 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected to finish Gilmer's term.
Lost re-election.
Shelton Leake Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Paulus Powell Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected late on April 26, 1849.
Re-elected late on October 23, 1851.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Thomas Bocock.jpg
Thomas S. Bocock
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
33rd
34th
35th
36th
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected late on May 26, 1853.
Re-elected late on May 24, 1855.
Re-elected late on May 28, 1857.
Re-elected late on May 26, 1859.
Resigned.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
January 26, 1870
Civil War
RRidgeway2.jpg
Robert Ridgway
Conservative January 27, 1870 –
October 16, 1870
41st [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant October 17, 1870 –
November 7, 1870
Richard Thomas Walker Duke.jpg
Richard T. W. Duke Sr.
Conservative November 8, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
41st
42nd
Elected to finish Ridgway's term.
Lost re-election.
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Alexander Davis Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 5, 1874
43rd Election invalidated.
ChristopherYThomas.jpg
Christopher Y. Thomas
Republican March 5, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
GCCabell.jpg
George C. Cabell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1887
44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John R. Brown Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Posey G. Lester.png
Posey G. Lester
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Claude Augustus Swanson.jpg
Claude A. Swanson
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
January 30, 1906
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected Governor of Virginia.
Vacant January 31, 1906 –
November 5, 1906
Edward W. Saunders Democratic November 6, 1906 –
February 29, 1920
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Virginia Supreme Court justice.
Vacant March 1, 1920 –
May 31, 1920
RorerAJames.jpg
Rorer A. James
Democratic June 1, 1920 –
August 6, 1921
66th
67th
Elected to finish Saunders's term.
Died.
Vacant August 7, 1921 –
November 7, 1921
JMurrayHooker.jpg
J. Murray Hooker
Democratic November 8, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
67th
68th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
JosephWhiteheadVA.jpg
Joseph Whitehead
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69th
70th
71st
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Thomas Granville Burch.jpg
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the at-large seat.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
Thomas Granville Burch.jpg
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
May 31, 1946
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant May 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Thomas Bahnson Stanley.jpg
Thomas B. Stanley
Democratic November 5, 1946 –
February 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to run for Governor of Virginia.
Vacant February 3, 1953 –
April 14, 1953
William M. Tuck.jpg
William M. Tuck
Democratic April 14, 1953 –
January 3, 1969
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
Elected to finish Stanley's term.
Retired.
W. C. Dan Daniel.jpg
Dan Daniel
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 23, 1988
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant January 23, 1988 –
June 14, 1988
LewisPayneJr.jpg
Lewis F. Payne Jr.
Democratic June 14, 1988 –
January 3, 1997
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
Elected to finish Daniel's term.
Retired.
Rep Virgil Goode.jpg
Virgil H. Goode Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 27, 2000
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Independent January 27, 2000 –
August 1, 2002
Republican August 1, 2002 –
January 3, 2009
Perriello Official Portrait (cropped).jpg
Tom Perriello
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Robert Hurt, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Robert Hurt
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Tom Garrett official congressional photo.jpg
Tom Garrett
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Denver Riggleman, official 116th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Denver Riggleman
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

Living former Members[edit]

As of January 2019, there are five living former members. The most recent representative to die was Dan Daniel (served 1969–1988), who died in office on January 23, 1988.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Lewis F. Payne, Jr. 1988–1997 (1945-07-09) July 9, 1945 (age 74)
Virgil Goode 1997–2009 (1946-10-17) October 17, 1946 (age 73)
Tom Perriello 2009–2011 (1974-10-09) October 9, 1974 (age 45)
Robert Hurt 2011–2017 (1969-06-16) June 16, 1969 (age 50)
Tom Garrett 2017–2019 (1972-03-27) March 27, 1972 (age 47)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=05
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=05
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  6. ^ https://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2018%20November%20General/Site/Congress.html
  7. ^ Virginia Department of Elections, Certified Candidates in Ballot Order for November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°3′31.8″N 79°5′11.2″W / 37.058833°N 79.086444°W / 37.058833; -79.086444