Voiceless velar lateral approximant
|Voiceless velar lateral approximant|
|IPA Number||158 402A|
The voiceless velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʟ̥⟩ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
Features of the voiceless velar lateral approximant:
- Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream.
- Its place of articulation is velar, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the soft palate.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|English||Western American||clear||[kʟ̥iɚ̯]||'clear'||Possible allophone of /l/ after the aspirated allophone of /k/. See English phonology|
|German||Austrian||klar||[kʟ̥ɑː]||'clear'||Possible allophone of /l/ after the aspirated allophone of /k/. See Standard German phonology|
- Voiced velar lateral approximant, [ʟ]
- Voiceless alveolar lateral fricative, [ɬ] – an acoustically similar but articulatorily distinct sound
- Voiceless velar lateral fricative, [ʟ̝̊]
- Index of phonetics articles