WLLZ (FM)

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WLLZ
WDTW 2019.png
CityDetroit, Michigan
Broadcast areaMetro Detroit
Branding106.7 WLLZ - Detroit's Wheels
SloganThe Next Generation of Classic Rock
Frequency106.7 MHz
(also on HD Radio)
First air dateOctober 16, 1960 (1960-10-16) (as WDTM)
FormatFM/HD1: Classic rock
HD2: Rhythmic Top 40 "WiLD 106.7"
HD3: Oldies "WLLZ Detroit's Wheels"
ERP61,000 watts[1]
HAAT155 meters (509 ft)
ClassB
Facility ID59952
Transmitter coordinates42°19′55.00″N 83°2′42.00″W / 42.3319444°N 83.0450000°W / 42.3319444; -83.0450000Coordinates: 42°19′55.00″N 83°2′42.00″W / 42.3319444°N 83.0450000°W / 42.3319444; -83.0450000
Callsign meaningWheeLLZ
Former callsignsWDTM (1960–1966)
WWWW (1966–1992)
WWWW-FM (1992–2000)
WLLC (2000–2002)
WDTW (2002–2005)
WDTW-FM (2005–2019)
OwneriHeartMedia
(AMFM Radio Licenses, L.L.C.)
Sister stationsWDFN, WJLB, WKQI, WMXD, WNIC
WebcastListen Live
Listen Live (HD2)
Website1067wllz.iheart.com

WLLZ (106.7 MHz, Detroit's Wheels) is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Detroit, Michigan. It is owned by iHeartMedia and it broadcasts a classic rock radio format, focusing mostly on active rock titles from the 1980s and 90s. Its studios are located in the Detroit suburb of Farmington Hills, while the transmitter resides atop Cadillac Tower in Downtown Detroit.

History[edit]

WDTM[edit]

The station began operations on October 16, 1960, as WDTM, airing classical music and jazz. It was owned by Taliesin Stations and was an affiliate of the WQXR Network, based at the leading New York City classical station.[2]

Gordon McLendon purchased the station in 1966. He changed the call sign to WWWW ("W4"), and installed a beautiful music format. The station was located at 2930 E. Jefferson Avenue in Detroit, in a building now housing the marijuana law firm Cannabis Counsel, P.L.C.[3]

W4 Stereo/W4 Quad[edit]

By 1970, McLendon changed W4's format from easy listening to "Solid Gold" (oldies-oriented Top 40) as "W4 Stereo." The disc jockey staff included Don Schuster and Detroit radio legend Tom Clay. During its Solid Gold period, W4 was one of the first stations to pick up Detroit radio veteran Casey Kasem's newly syndicated countdown show, American Top 40.

In 1971, "W4" became an album oriented rock station. In 1974, it briefly styled itself "W4 Quad" during its brief use of quadrophonic transmission. In the late 1970s, album-rock W4 was one of the top-rated radio stations in Detroit.

Shamrock Broadcasting purchased W4 in July 1979.[4] The station is most remembered today as one of the early radio jobs for Howard Stern, who was brought in from Hartford, Connecticut, to host mornings, beginning April 21, 1980. However, W4 was one of four Detroit stations with an AOR format, and faced with increasing competition. So management decided to make a change.

W4 Country[edit]

With no advance notice, Shamrock changed the station's format to country music on January 18, 1981. At first, the DJs, including Stern, were kept on to play country hits. The station reportedly planned to brand Howard Stern as "Hopalong Howie," which he declined after two weeks, moving to WWDC-FM in Washington, D.C. In the film "Private Parts", Stern announces his departure in the middle of a song claiming he didn't understand country music.[5]

The move to country music paid off. The Detroit radio market, the nation's fifth largest at the time, had no FM country music station. Detroit and its suburbs had a sizable percentage of the population whose families hailed from the Southern United States and grew up with the genre. W4 Country's first years coincided with the rise in popularity of country music, even outside the South. At the time of the country format's launch, the immediate Detroit area's only country music station was on AM, WCXI at 1130 kHz. WWWW became the first FM country station in Detroit since WCAR-FM's and CKLW-FM's brief tries at the format in the mid-1970s. As a result, WCXI's ratings fell. By the early 1990s, AM 1130 was being used as a simulcast for W4.

"W4 Country" lasted almost two decades and did reasonably well in the ratings, under the leadership of programmer Barry Mardit, who joined the station in late 1981. The station posted a #1 finish in the Fall 1992 Detroit Arbitron radio ratings with an 8.7 share. The following year, the station gained a strong competitor in 99.5 WYCD, causing WWWW's ratings to decline. Recording artist Holly Dunn served as morning co-host on W4 Country during the late 1990s. Declining ratings and revenue led owners AMFM (which became part of Clear Channel Communications in August 2000) to drop the country format at 6 p.m. on September 1, 1999. The final song played on "W4 Country" was "The Dance" by Garth Brooks, followed by "The Star-Spangled Banner."

Alice 106.7/The Drive[edit]

Logo 1999–2002
Logo 2002–06

For two days, WWWW stunted with a 400-Hz tone. It ran a contest to correctly guess the day and time that the tone would end. On September 3, 1999, at 2:05 p.m., the station relaunched as "Alice 106.7," featuring "Rockin' Hits of the '80s and '90s." The first song was "All Right Now" by Free.[6]

The WWWW call letters remained for another year until the new call sign WLLC was adopted on October 2, 2000. Emphasis was eventually put on the "C" during reciting the legal station identification ("WLL..See") due to listeners mistakenly believing the station picked up call letters WLLZ, which had been used on 98.7 (now WDZH). In September 2000, the WWWW call sign moved to 102.9 MHz in nearby Ann Arbor, also owned by Clear Channel. It had been a rock station WIQB before the flip.

While WYCD benefited from the end of "W4 Country," ratings for "Alice" remained anemic. In July 2002, WWWW changed its call letters to WDTW-FM and relaunched as "106.7 The Drive."[7] It mainly featured classic hard rock tracks from the 1970s through the 1990s with a more upbeat and harder-edged presentation than classic rock rival 94.7 WCSX. WDTW-FM's ratings continued to be poor.

106.7 The Fox[edit]

At noon on May 17, 2006, "The Drive" signed off with "Too Late For Love" by Def Leppard followed by an announcement from legendary Detroit TV news anchor Bill Bonds. He talked about "building a brand new radio station" at 106.7 and "letting you, the listeners, choose the music." For the next week, listeners who registered at 1067needshelp.com picked the new radio format, the station's name, logo, voice of the station and number of commercials per hour.

On May 19, after playing two days of music from many formats, then narrowing it down to just rock and country, it was announced at 3 p.m. that the format would be country music. The first official song played under the country format was "Save a Horse (Ride a Cowboy)" by Big & Rich. On May 22, the station became "106.7 The Fox." Finally, on May 26, 2006, the format change appeared complete as the voice of the station and minutes of music per hour were announced. Radio insiders believed the station had adopted a country format only to steal listeners from WYCD, and keep co-owned 100.3 WNIC in the #1 slot.[8] But ratings for The Fox remained low during its entire run and had little impact on WYCD's audience. On April 29, 2009, WDTW-FM silenced all its DJs, and soft-relaunched under the branding of "Detroit Fox Country 106-7." The station also began putting more focus on newer country tracks.

106-7 The Beat of Detroit[edit]

On September 4, 2009, at Noon, after three years of struggling with the country format, The Fox was dropped in favor of Rhythmic Adult Contemporary as "106-7 The Beat of Detroit." The final song on "The Fox" was "Shuttin' Detroit Down" by John Rich, while the first song on "The Beat" was "Into The Groove" by Madonna. 10,000 songs were played in a row, commercial free. In an announcement made by Til Levesque, president and market manager of Clear Channel Radio Detroit, the station described the new sound as "a unique AC (adult contemporary) format, built especially for Detroit, to become 106.7 The Beat."

The station targeted the 25-54 adult audience with "an upbeat mix of today's hits and feel-good memories," featuring mostly current Rhythmic and Dance hits, mostly from the 1980s and 1990s, with some 1970s disco hits.[9][10] The station's format was similar to that of 93-1 DRQ when it relaunched in 1996 as a Rhythmic AC outlet. On October 6, 2009, The Beat finished playing 10,000 songs commercial free. The station still offered commercial free hours during certain times of the day.

About a year after WDTW-FM's flip to Rhythmic AC, its playlist switched over to a conventional Rhythmic Top 40 direction by adding more currents and cutting back on the heavy amount of gold product. This was likely due to changes in the Detroit radio landscape involving sister station WKQI's shift to a broader Top 40 Pop presentation and competition with CBS Radio's WDZH, which also became a Top 40 station after switching from smooth jazz several months earlier.

WDTW-FM still featured many Rhythmic AC elements in its presentation. The station reintroduced some 1980s and 1990s gold into rotation, usually two or three songs per hour, although 1970s disco music was not part of the format. The station also introduced the "Back In The Day Lunch Party" at Noon and "90's at 9" every evening. In addition, it blended in a few Dance cuts as well. Sean "Hollywood" Hamilton's syndicated Remix Top 30 aired on Sunday evenings. The Beat also brought in some well known personalities including WDRQ vet Lisa Lisa Orlando for middays, Joe Rosati of Z100 in New York for afternoons, and Jevon Hollywood, also from WDRQ, for late nights. Mornings and evenings were voicetracked by Paul "Cubby" Bryant of WKTU in New York and Billy The Kidd of 106.1 Kiss-FM in Dallas. Former WDRQ morning host Jay Towers was hired as program director.

Ratings throughout The Beat's history were moderate, usually peaking in the mid-3 share range or lower. In the last ratings book as a Rhythmic Top 40, WDTW-FM was ranked #18 with a 2.2 share of the market.

106.7 The D[edit]

The D logo, 2011-17

On November 4, 2011, at 10 a.m., WDTW-FM changed its format back to classic rock, branded as 106.7 The D.[11] The final song on "The Beat" was "End of the Road" by Boyz II Men, while the first song on "The D" was "For Those About To Rock (We Salute You)" by AC/DC.

The station described the new format as "The Next Generation of Classic Rock," meaning the station included more 1980s rock, along with the usual 1970s titles, as well as early 1990s' rock material. The station remained automated until early 2012, when the station began assembling a DJ staff. WDTW-FM brought in radio vet Sheri Donovan for middays and WGRD vet Dave Dahmer for afternoons. Alan Cox hosted the morning drive time shift live from a studio in Cleveland.

On May 26, 2017, WDTW-FM segued to a variety hits format, while still branding as "The D."[12] Following the switch, the station's ratings share fell from 2.7 to a 2.2 share, putting it at #19 in the market by October 2017.[13]

Alt 106.7[edit]

Alt 106.7 logo, 2017-19

On November 20, 2017, at 9:24 p.m., after playing "Closing Time" by Semisonic, WDTW-FM flipped to an alternative rock format as Alt 106.7, launching with a 10,000 songs commercial-free promotion. The first song was "Seven Nation Army" by Detroit band The White Stripes. The new format gave the market its first alternative rock station since WMGC-FM's period as 105.1 The Edge from 1997 to 1999, and CIMX's shift towards a more active rock direction.

It is speculated that this move was intended to preempt any potential move by Entercom to flip WDZH to alternative, as the company had flipped several of its "Amp Radio"-branded CHR stations to the format under its own "Alt" brand immediately after its merger with CBS Radio, but has since flipped to soft adult contemporary as "98.7 The Breeze" a year later.[13][14][15][16][17]

WLLZ: Detroit's Wheels[edit]

WDTW-FM's alternative rock format had fallen to a 1.5 share by January 2019, putting it well behind Beasley's market-leading WRIF, with an active rock format. On March 1, 2019, after stunting with an hour-long loop of AC/DC's "It's a Long Way to the Top (If You Wanna Rock 'n' Roll)", WDTW-FM flipped back to classic rock as 106.7 WLLZ, Detroit's Wheels, reviving a branding that had previously been used by 98.7 WDZH prior to flipping to smooth jazz in 1995.[18][19]

The station's call letters were officially changed to WLLZ on March 8, 2019. Both the WLLZ and WDTW-FM call signs were briefly warehoused by a sister station in North Carolina.[20][21]

In July 2019, WLLZ HD-2 became WiLD 106.7 playing Rhythmic Top 40 hits similar to sister station, WKQI.

HD Radio[edit]

WLLZ broadcasts in the HD Radio format. WLLZ's HD2 subchannel has changed several times since its inception in 2006. From January 2006 to December 2009, the HD2 channel was known as "The Mother Trucker" and featured a mix of country and rock music. In December 2009, the format was changed to Clear Channel's Pride Radio which featured dance music geared toward the LGBT community.

On November 4, 2011, after the main frequency changed to classic rock, the HD2 format changed as well.[22] This time, it began carrying Clear Channel's "Alternative Project" feed from iHeartRadio. The HD2 channel's format was changed again to the "Rock Nation Top 20" from iHeartRadio after the analog/HD1 channel's format switched to alternative rock.

Sometime after the main frequency switched to "Alt 106.7," WDTW-FM added an HD3 subchannel known as "WLLZ-Detroit Wheels" which played oldies and remained in place even after the main channel adopted the "WLLZ" branding.

With the main channel's switch to classic rock on March 1, 2019, the HD2 channel switched to iHeartRadio's 1990s alternative rock format known as "Smells Like the 90s."

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""Superpower" Grandfathered FM's". W9wi.com. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1962 page B-84
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2019-04-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1980 page C-112
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-18. Retrieved 2007-02-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Record & Retailer" (PDF). Americanradiohistory.com. September 10, 1999. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Record & Retailer" (PDF). Americanradiohistory.com. July 19, 2002. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Radio News Web Updates". Radionewsweb.com.
  9. ^ ""WDTW-FM Drops Country For Dance as "The Beat" from The Detroit News (September 4, 2009)". Detnews.com. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  10. ^ ""106.7 The Fox" Detroit Becomes Rhythmic AC "The Beat"". Radioinsight.com. 4 September 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  11. ^ "106.7 Detroit Is Beaten Away With Rock". radioinsight.com. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  12. ^ "106.7 The D Flips To Variety Hits". Radioinsight.com. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  13. ^ a b "106.7 The D Makes Late Evening Flip To Alternative". Radio Insight. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  14. ^ "Surprise! Alternative Tops the CHR Charts". Radio Insight. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  15. ^ "Let There Be (Alt) Rock: Alternative Returns to NYC Radio After Six Years". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
  16. ^ "Entercom Returns Modern Rock to NYC Radio with Alt 92.3". FMQB. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  17. ^ "Alternative Returns to New York as WBMP Becomes Alt 92.3". RadioInsight.com. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  18. ^ "Wheels Up! Alt 106.7 Detroit Flips To Classic Rock WLLZ". RadioInsight. 2019-03-01. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  19. ^ "WDTW (ALT 106.7)/Detroit Flips From Alternative To Classic Rock WLLZ 'The New 106.7 Detroit's Wheels!". All Access. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  20. ^ "Call Sign History". Licensing.fcc.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  21. ^ "Call Sign History". Licensing.fcc.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017-08-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]