|Waco 10 giving joy rides.|
|Role||light passenger transport|
Waco Aircraft Company
$2,145 minus engine & prop
Design and development
The Waco 10 was a larger span development of the Waco 9, both single-engined three-seat single-bay biplanes constructed around steel-tube frames. The wing covering was fabric, and both upper and lower planes carried ailerons, which were strut linked. The two passengers sat side by side in a cockpit under the upper wing and ahead of the pilot, who had a separate cockpit. It had a split-axle fixed undercarriage and a tailwheel. The main undercarriage was fitted with hydraulic shock absorbers, unusual at the time on a light aircraft. The fin could be trimmed on the ground to offset engine torque, and the tailplane could be trimmed in flight. Initially it was powered by a Curtiss OX-5 water-cooled 90° V-8 engine producing 90 hp (67 kW).
Its first flight was in 1927. It was numerically the most important type to be built by Waco, with at least 1,623 built over a period of 7 years from 1927 to 1933 and was fitted with a very large variety of engines of radial and V configuration.
The Waco 10 turned out to have excellent handling, and there was a ready supply of war-surplus Curtiss engines. It was widely used for the popularisation of aeronautics through barnstorming and joyrides, and was also much used as a trainer and by small operators for charter flights.
In 1928, after the Waco 10 had entered production, Waco changed its designation system so that the basic model 10, powered by a 90 hp (67 kW) Curtiss OX-5 engine became the GXE.
Later aircraft used a three-letter designation, the first denoting the engine (except for the two mailplanes), the second, S or T meaning Straight or Tapered wing and the final O indicating it belongs to the Waco O series, ostensibly for open cockpit - or 10. An -A suffix indicated an armed variant intended for export.
|10||GXE||90||Curtiss OX-5||90 hp (67 kW)|
|10-W||ASO||220-T||Wright J-5||220 hp (160 kW)|
|ATO||Wright J-5||220 hp (160 kW)|
|BSO||BS-165||Wright R-540A||165 hp (123 kW)|
|BSO-A||Wright R-540A||165 hp (123 kW)|
|CSO||C-225||Wright R-760||225 hp (168 kW)|
|CTO||Wright R-760||225 hp (168 kW)|
|10-H||DSO||Hispano-Suiza 8A or E||150–180 hp (110–130 kW)|
|HSO||Packard DR-980 Diesel||225 hp (168 kW)|
|HTO||Packard DR-980 Diesel||225 hp (168 kW)|
|JTO||Wright R-975||300 hp (220 kW)|
|JYO||Wright R-975||300 hp (220 kW)|
|KSO||Kinner K-5||100 hp (75 kW)|
|OSO||Kinner C-5||210 hp (160 kW)|
|PSO||Jacobs radials||140–170 hp (100–130 kW)|
|QSO||Continental A-70||165 hp (123 kW)|
|RSO||Warner Scarab||110 hp (82 kW)|
|240-A||Continental W-670||240 hp (180 kW)|
Other engines were fitted experimentally, without unique designations, including the Rausie, Ryan-Siemens, and 115 hp (86 kW) Milwaukee Tank engine. This last engine was an air-cooled version of the Curtiss OX-5, and was intended as an aircraft engine.
The two mailplane derivatives from the O series (types JYM and JWM) were single seaters with a 14" stretch in the fuselage.
The WACO 240-A was a straight-wing fighter, built for export, powered by 240 hp (180 kW) Wright engine. At least six were bought by the Cantonese Chinese aviation services. They were armed with twin .30 Browning machine guns and had racks for five 25 lb (11 kg) or two 100 lb (45 kg) bombs.
There was also an export model WACO Pursuit 300T-A, with 300 hp (220 kW) Wright or Wasp Jr engine.
Specifications (Waco GXE)
Data from Aerofiles
- Crew: one
- Capacity: two passengers
- Payload: 825 pounds (including pilot, fuel and oil) (374 kg)
- Length: 23 ft 6 in (7.16 m)
- Wingspan: 30 ft 7 in (9.32 m)
- Height: 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
- Airfoil: Aeromarine 2A
- Empty weight: 1199 lb (545 kg)
- Loaded weight: 2025 lb (920 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss OX-5, 90 hp (67 kW)
- Maximum speed: 97 mph (156 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 84 mph (135 km/h)
- Stall speed: 37 mph (60 km/h)
- Range: 380 miles (610 km)
- Rate of climb: 500 ft/min (2.54 m/s)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
(Partial listing, only covers most numerous types)
- Alexander Eaglerock
- American Eagle A-101
- Brunner-Winkle Bird
- Buhl-Verville CA-3 Airster
- Command-Aire 3C3
- Parks P-1
- Pitcairn Mailwing
- Spartan C3
- Stearman C2 and C3
- Swallow New Swallow
- Travel Air 2000 and 4000
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Waco 10.|
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