Waco 10

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Waco 10
Farell2 WACO model 10.jpg
Waco 10 giving joy rides.
Role light passenger transport
Manufacturer Advance Aircraft
Waco Aircraft Company
Designer Charles Meyers
First flight 1927
Introduction 1927
Produced 1927–1933
Number built 1,623
Unit cost
$2,145 minus engine & prop
Waco 10 (or GXE) in the Canada Aviation Museum.

The Waco 10/GXE/Waco O series was a range of three-seat open-cockpit biplanes built by the Advance Aircraft Company, later the Waco Aircraft Company.

Design and development[edit]

The Waco 10 was a larger span development of the Waco 9, both single-engined three-seat single-bay biplanes constructed around steel-tube frames. The wing covering was fabric, and both upper and lower planes carried ailerons, which were strut linked. The two passengers sat side by side in a cockpit under the upper wing and ahead of the pilot, who had a separate cockpit. It had a split-axle fixed undercarriage and a tailwheel. The main undercarriage was fitted with hydraulic shock absorbers, unusual at the time on a light aircraft. The fin could be trimmed on the ground to offset engine torque, and the tailplane could be trimmed in flight. Initially it was powered by a Curtiss OX-5 water-cooled 90° V-8 engine producing 90 hp (67 kW).

Its first flight was in 1927. It was numerically the most important type to be built by Waco, with at least 1,623 built over a period of 7 years from 1927 to 1933 and was fitted with a very large variety of engines of radial and V configuration.

Operational history[edit]

The Waco 10 turned out to have excellent handling, and there was a ready supply of war-surplus Curtiss engines. It was widely used for the popularisation of aeronautics through barnstorming and joyrides, and was also much used as a trainer and by small operators for charter flights.

Variants[edit]

In 1928, after the Waco 10 had entered production, Waco changed its designation system so that the basic model 10, powered by a 90 hp (67 kW) Curtiss OX-5 engine became the GXE.

1930 Waco ATO Taperwing at the Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum near St Louis
1929 Waco ATO Taperwing of Vintage Wings of Canada.

Later aircraft used a three-letter designation, the first denoting the engine (except for the two mailplanes), the second, S or T meaning Straight or Tapered wing and the final O indicating it belongs to the Waco O series, ostensibly for open cockpit - or 10. An -A suffix indicated an armed variant intended for export.

Early
Designation
Post-1928
Designation
Marketing
Designation
Engine Power
10 GXE 90 Curtiss OX-5 90 hp (67 kW)
10-W ASO 220-T Wright J-5 220 hp (160 kW)
ATO Wright J-5 220 hp (160 kW)
BSO BS-165 Wright R-540A 165 hp (123 kW)
BSO-A Wright R-540A 165 hp (123 kW)
CSO C-225 Wright R-760 225 hp (168 kW)
CTO Wright R-760 225 hp (168 kW)
10-H DSO Hispano-Suiza 8A or E 150–180 hp (110–130 kW)
HSO Packard DR-980 Diesel 225 hp (168 kW)
HTO Packard DR-980 Diesel 225 hp (168 kW)
JTO Wright R-975 300 hp (220 kW)
JYO Wright R-975 300 hp (220 kW)
KSO Kinner K-5 100 hp (75 kW)
OSO Kinner C-5 210 hp (160 kW)
PSO Jacobs radials 140–170 hp (100–130 kW)
QSO Continental A-70 165 hp (123 kW)
RSO Warner Scarab 110 hp (82 kW)
240-A Continental W-670 240 hp (180 kW)

Apart from the water-cooled V-8 Curtiss and Hispano-Suiza engines, all of the rest were air-cooled radials.

Other engines were fitted experimentally, without unique designations, including the Rausie, Ryan-Siemens, and 115 hp (86 kW) Milwaukee Tank engine. This last engine was an air-cooled version of the Curtiss OX-5, and was intended as an aircraft engine.

The two mailplane derivatives from the O series (types JYM and JWM) were single seaters with a 14" stretch in the fuselage.

In the 1990s The WACO Aircraft Company in Forks, Washington offered a homebuilt kit version of the ATO model, featuring a book of re-drawn plans and an instruction manual.[1]

The WACO 240-A was a straight-wing fighter, built for export, powered by 240 hp (180 kW) Wright engine. At least six were bought by the Cantonese Chinese aviation services. They were armed with twin .30 Browning machine guns and had racks for five 25 lb (11 kg) or two 100 lb (45 kg) bombs.[2]

There was also an export model WACO Pursuit 300T-A, with 300 hp (220 kW) Wright or Wasp Jr engine.[2]

Surviving aircraft[edit]

Year Model Serial # Registration Location References
1927 GXE 781 N312DC Gatlinburg–Pigeon Forge Airport, Tennessee
1928 GXE 1388 N6675K Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri [3]
1928 GXE 1464 NC4899 Ohio History Connection [4]
1928 GXE 1521 C-GAFD Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario [5]
1928 GXE 1554 NC6974 Eagles Mere Air Museum at Eagles Mere, Pennsylvania [6]
1928 GXE 1586 NC5852 privately owned and based at Covington, Ohio [7][8]
1928 GXE 1644/3065 CF-AOI Reynolds-Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta [9]
1928 GXE 1810 N6513 Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [10]
1928 ATO A-4 NC5814 EAA AirVenture Museum, Oshkosh, Wisconsin [11][12]
1928 ATO A-20 N6714 Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [13]
1929 ATO A-65 CF-BPM Reynolds-Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta,
previously owned by Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Québec
[14][15]
1929 ATO A-103 NC906H Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri [3]
1929 CTO A-118 N13918 WACO Aircraft Museum, Troy, Ohio [16]
1929 GXE 1869 NC8529 privately owned and based at Corning, Iowa [17][18]
1929 DSO 3006 N605N Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [19]
1929 CSO 1657 N7662 Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [20]
1929 CTO AT-3005 N516M Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [21]
1930 ATO D-3128 NC663N Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri [22]
1930 CSO 3140 N671N Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri [3]
1932 CTO A-3596 NC280W Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri [3]

Specifications (Waco GXE)[edit]

Data from Aerofiles[23]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era[edit]

(Partial listing, only covers most numerous types)

Related lists[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Purdy, Don: AeroCrafter - Homebuilt Aircraft Sourcebook, Fifth Edition, page 288. BAI Communications, 15 July 1998. ISBN 0-963640941
  2. ^ a b Forman, Harrison. American warplanes in China, "Popular aviation" September 1934, pp.151-152
  3. ^ a b c d "Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum". Fairchild24.com. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  4. ^ "Where is it now. Collections from the Former Ohio History of Flight Museum". Ohio History Connection Blog. Ohio History Connection. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Waco 10 (GXE) – Canada Aviation and Space Museum". Aviation.technomuses.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  6. ^ "1928 Waco GXE Eagles Mere Air Museum". eaglesmereairmuseum.org/index.shtml. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  7. ^ Scott Rose, warbirdsresourcegroup.org (2002-03-18). "Vintage Registry - A Warbirds Resource Group Site - Waco". Vintage.warbirdregistry.org. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  8. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results N5852". Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  9. ^ Skaarup, Harold A. (2001). Canadian Warbird Survivors - A Handbook on where to find them. Nebraska: Writers Club Press. ISBN 978-059520668-1.
  10. ^ "WACO GXE - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  11. ^ "Waco 10/ATO". Airventuremuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  12. ^ "Master Aircraft List". Airventuremuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  13. ^ "WACO ATO "Taperwing" - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  14. ^ Transport Canada (August 2012). "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  15. ^ "WACO Taperwing A.T.O. > Vintage Wings of Canada". Vintagewings.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  16. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results N13918". Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  17. ^ Pilot, December 2011, p.49
  18. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results N8529". Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  19. ^ "WACO DSO - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  20. ^ "WACO CSO - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  21. ^ "WACO CTO "Taper Wing" - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  22. ^ Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Museum Hangar 1, John Cournoyer's Wonderful Wacos, retrieved 5 August 2013
  23. ^ Aerofiles (April 2009). "Waco". Retrieved 2009-06-10.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aerofiles - Waco Aircraft
  • Juptner, Joseph P. U.S. Civil Aircraft Vol. 1 Los Angeles, California: Aero Publishers, Inc., 1962. Library of Congress # 62-15967.
  • Brandly, Raymond H. Waco Aircraft Production 1923-1942 Troy, Ohio: Waco Aircraft Co., 1986 (2nd Edition). ISBN 978-0-9602734-5-4
  • Kobernuss, Fred O. Waco - Symbol of Courage and Excellence unk : Mystic Bay Publisher, 1999. ISBN 1-887961-01-1.