Wang Jian'an in 1955.
|Counsellor of the Central Military Commission|
August 1975 – July 1980
|Deputy Commander of Fuzhou Military District|
August 1969 – August 1975
|Deputy Commander of Jinan Military Region|
October 1961 – August 1969
|Deputy Commander of Shenyang Military Region|
December 1956 – October 1961
|Commander||Deng Hua→Chen Xilian|
Wang Jian'an (王建安)
November 8, 1907
Hong'an County, Hubei, Qing Empire
|Died||July 25, 1980 (aged 72)|
Beijing, People's Republic of China
|Resting place||Hong'an County, Hubei|
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Counter-Japanese Military and Political University|
|Occupation||General, military official|
|Awards||Order of Bayi|
Order of Independence and Freedom
Order of Liberation
|Allegiance||People's Republic of China|
|Branch/service||People's Liberation Army Ground Force|
|Years of service||1926–1980|
|Commands||Shenyang Military Region (1956–1961)|
Jinan Military Region (1961–1969)
Fuzhou Military District (1969–1975)
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War|
Chinese Civil War
Wang was born into a poor family. He enlisted in the army at the age of 17 and joined the Communist Party of China by age 20. He experienced many significant battles during the China's turbulent years such as the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. After the founding of the Communist State, he fought with the United States Army in Korean War. After the war he was awarded the military rank of general (Shangjiang) by Chairman Mao Zedong. And he took charge of deputy commander of Shenyang Military Region (1956–1961), and then Jinan Military Region (1961–1969) and finally Fuzhou Military District (1969–1975).
He enlisted in the army of warlord Wu Peifu in 1924, while his mother died after the landlord beat her. In the winner of 1926, he returned to his hometown and that year participated in the peasant association and the Red Guards (赤卫队).
In August of the following year, he joined the Communist Party of China. Three months later, he took part in the Huangma Uprising (黄麻起义), alongside Wang Shusheng and Wang Hongkun, they collectively known as "Three Wang" (三王). Since 1928, he fought against the Nationalists in Hubei-Henan-Anhui Area of Chinese Soviet.
In 1934, he participated in the Long March, a forced expedition over 12,500 kilometers in the 1930s. In October 1936, he enrolled at the Counter-Japanese Military and Political University.
Chinese Civil War
After the Chinese Civil War broke out in 1945, he fought with the Nationalists in Shandong, where he participated in the Battle of Southern Shandong. He was present at the Battle of Shatuji (沙土集战役) in August 1947 during the Huaihai Campaign.
In 1952 the Communist government commissioned him as commander and political commissar of the 9th Legion of the People's Volunteer Army. He returned to China in the Spring of 1954, while he was fainted by high blood pressure. Then he moved into a nursing home in Qingdao, a seaside city in eastern Shandong province.
He attained the rank of general (Shangjiang) on 12 January 1956. In December that year, he was appointed as deputy commander of Shenyang Military Region, five years later he was transferred to Jinan Military Region, where he stayed in August 1969, when he was transferred again to Fuzhou Military Region. In August 1975, he became a counsellor of the Central Military Commission, serving in the post until his death in July 1980.
Wang married Niu Yuqing (牛玉清; 1913–2007). The couple had four sons and a daughter, in order of birth: Wang Xibo (王西波), Wang Dongbo (王东波), Wang Hangbo (王杭波), Wang Haibo (王海波) and Wang Libo (王丽波; daughter).
- Order of Bayi, 1st Class
- Order of Independence and Freedom, 1st Class
- Order of Liberation, 1st Class