Wayzata, Minnesota

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Wayzata
Downtown Wayzata, October 2011
Downtown Wayzata, October 2011
Official seal of Wayzata
Seal
Location of Wayzata within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Location of Wayzata
within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°58′27″N 93°30′24″W / 44.97417°N 93.50667°W / 44.97417; -93.50667Coordinates: 44°58′27″N 93°30′24″W / 44.97417°N 93.50667°W / 44.97417; -93.50667
CountryUnited States
StateMinnesota
CountyHennepin
Founded1854
Incorporated1883
Government
 • MayorKen Willcox
Area
 • City3.18 sq mi (8.24 km2)
 • Land3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)
 • Water0.09 sq mi (0.24 km2)
Elevation
942 ft (287 m)
Population
 • City3,688
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
4,592
 • Density1,484.62/sq mi (573.24/km2)
 • Metro
3,629,190
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
55391
Area code(s)952
FIPS code27-68818
GNIS feature ID0653868[4]
Websitewayzata.org

Wayzata (/wˈzɛtə/ wy-ZET) is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States. It is approximately 9 miles (14 kilometres) west of Minneapolis in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area. Situated on the shores of Lake Minnetonka, the city is popular among boaters, shoppers, and restaurant goers. It is one of Minnesota's most affluent municipalities.

As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,688.[2] In 2012, Newsweek ranked Wayzata High School, in Plymouth, one of the top 1,000 public high schools in the United States.[5]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The name "Wayzata" comes from the Dakota word meaning “north” or “north shore.” The Mdewakanton, a subtribe of the Dakota nation, treasured Lake Minnetonka—the “Big Water”—as a place for hunting, fishing, and collecting maple syrup. Spirit Knob, a peninsula in Wayzata Bay, was regarded as a particularly sacred place.[6] The Dakota resided in this area of Minnesota until 1851, when the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux was signed and land west of the Mississippi was opened for Euro-American settlement. Most Dakota were exiled from Minnesota after 1862.

Wayzata was originally platted by Oscar E. Garrison in 1854. In 1855, it saw an influx of settlers, who built a sawmill, a hotel, and a blacksmith shop. Most early settlers made their living by clear-cutting the land to grow corn and wheat. In 1857, this flourishing economy was nearly terminated by a grasshopper infestation, but the community rebounded when ginseng was discovered in the remaining hardwood forest. Ginseng root was in great demand as an aphrodisiac in China. During this boom, Wayzata became a collection center for ginseng roots discovered around Lake Minnetonka.

In 1867 the Saint Paul and Pacific Railroad extended its tracks to Wayzata, making it the area's transportation hub. The railroad was particularly important to local farmers because they now had easy access to markets in Minneapolis, Saint Paul, and beyond. The railroad also made Wayzata the original “gateway” to Lake Minnetonka, which was billed as a place of commanding beauty and good health.

Resort period[edit]

In the 1860s and 1870s many small hotels and boarding houses were erected in the Wayzata area to accommodate tourists. One early example was the Maurer House-West Hotel, which was built near the corner of Lake Street and Broadway Avenue. Most local hotels and boarding houses were rather primitive until 1879, when the 150-room Hotel Saint Louis was built in Deephaven. The Lake Park Hotel in Tonka Bay, Arlington Hotel in Wayzata, and the massive Hotel Lafayette in Minnetonka Beach soon followed. These large, grandiose hotels primarily catered to wealthy tourists who came from the East and South to spend entire summers on Lake Minnetonka.

Most Lake Minnetonka tourists in the late 1800s arrived in Wayzata by train. Steamboats waited for new arrivals near the foot of Broadway Avenue and took them to destinations across the lake. Some of these steamboats, such as the City of Saint Louis and Belle of Minnetonka, were quite large. The Belle of Minnetonka was 300 feet (91 m) long and could purportedly carry 2,500 passengers.

Wayzata was officially incorporated as a village in 1883. One of the village council's first orders of business was to reroute the railroad tracks north of town. James J. Hill, who had become chairman of the newly formed Saint Paul, Minneapolis, & Manitoba Railway in 1879, initially ignored the council’s order. When the council took the case to court, Hill reacted by demolishing the train station at the foot of Broadway Avenue and building a new one east of town at a stop called “Holdridge.” He declared that the residents of Wayzata could “walk a mile for the next twenty years” to catch the train. Hill moved the tracks as well, but rather than rerouting them north of town, he moved them closer to the lake.

Hill was also connected to Wayzata and Lake Minnetonka through the Arlington Hotel, Hotel Lafayette, and Belle of Minnetonka, all owned by the Saint Paul, Minneapolis, & Manitoba Railway. He purchased Wayzata’s Arlington Hotel in 1881 and never reopened it. Due to its impractical size, the Belle of Minnetonka steamboat was laid up by the mid-1880s. The Hotel Lafayette continued to operate until it burned to the ground in 1897. By this time Lake Minnetonka had largely fallen out of favor as a vacation destination for wealthy tourists. A number of factors including new railroad regulations, new vacation spots, and a national economic depression contributed to this decline.

Cottage period[edit]

As tourism faded in the 1890s, a new era for Wayzata began. Many urban dwellers began to construct summer cottages along the shores of Lake Minnetonka as the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul grew. While many of these new cottages were quite modest, some were monumental. Wayzata became home to a large collection of grand country estates along the Ferndale Shore. Notable families who built country estates there include the Bells, Boveys, Crosbys, Peaveys, Pillsburys, and Washburns.

Despite the influx of new summer residences, Wayzata barely grew during this period. That changed in 1905, when the village council voted for a Reconciliation Ordinance to repair relations with Hill and his railway (now known as the “Great Northern”). He responded by building a new train depot near downtown Wayzata. At the depot’s grand opening celebration in 1906, he declared it the “handsomest” on the entire Great Northern line.

Wayzata was also connected to a new form of water transportation in 1906. The Twin City Rapid Transit Company launched six new “Express Boats” on Lake Minnetonka that served as an extension of the Twin City streetcar system. Designed by Royal C. Moore of Wayzata, the boats provided fast, reliable transportation for Lake Minnetonka residents. There were connections to streetcars in Excelsior, Deephaven, and Tonka Bay. In Wayzata, passengers could transfer onto Great Northern Railway trains. This convenient service was very popular until about 1920, when local roads began to be improved for automobiles. The service was discontinued in 1926 after several years of declining ridership. Some of the Express Boats were scuttled (purposely sunk) in the lake that year. One, the Minnehaha, was raised from the depths in 1980, restored, and returned to passenger service in 1996.

As the cottage era continued, downtown Wayzata rebounded with residences and small commercial centers at each end of Lake Street. Wayzata State Bank was established in 1909 as the area’s first local financial institution. The bank’s first president was Moore, who owned Moore Boat Works on Wayzata Bay. He eventually sold his boat business to Eugene Ramaley. Motorboating was all the rage by 1920, and Wayzata was at the center of the trend with two nationally famous boat makers, Ramaley and Wise, based there. In 1929 the Ramaley Boat Company merged with Wise Boat Works and Walker Boat Works to form Minnetonka Boat Works. Minnetonka Boat Works eventually became well-known manufacturers and distributors of Tonka-Craft and Chris-Craft power boats.

20th century[edit]

Wayzata’s population nearly doubled in the decades leading up to World War II. Wayzatans were fortunate when one of their own, Mayor Rufus Rand, stepped forward to lead the town as it met the challenges of modernizing its infrastructure. Under Rand, water and sewer service was provided to every building, streetlights were installed, roads were paved, and the public beach and park was opened. During his tenure, Rand also served as the executive of a large gas company and as a regent of the University of Minnesota.

After World War II, many local farms and summer cottages were converted for use as year-round, single-family homes. Many new homes and gas stations were also constructed during this time. At one point, Wayzata had ten gas stations to serve a growing number of commuters and their cars. U.S. Highway 12, which was built in the 1920s, was widened to four lanes, and the population swelled. Downtown Wayzata residences were replaced by more stores serving not only Wayzatans, but also new families moving onto the former farmlands outside Wayzata. By the 1950s, the greater Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area had fully absorbed the town.

Wayzata Community Church

After it became a charter city, Wayzata began to annex land from Minnetonka, Plymouth, and Orono, and doubled in size.[6] U.S. Highway 12 was widened again to become a freeway in the 1970s and a new shopping center was opened five miles down the road. These physical and economic changes caused many of Wayzata’s downtown shops to be replaced by condominiums and office buildings. Strip malls and fast food franchises came to dominate part of the town near the highway.

As downtown Wayzata became a highly desirable office center, some well-regarded shops with unique merchandise and upscale restaurants began to appear on Lake Street. Residences also began returning to downtown as several condominium and townhouse developments appeared in the 1980s and 1990s. By the 1990s, Wayzata began to see an uptick in the demolition and replacement of older homes and commercial buildings. It was common for newer homes and commercial buildings to be much larger than their predecessors. This trend continues today.

21st century[edit]

In 2003 Wayzatans passed a referendum to have the city buy the community’s last remaining stand of the Big Woods for use as a park. A new city hall and library were also constructed that year. Since 2010, many new restaurants have appeared in the downtown district. This is a major draw for visitors today.

Geography[edit]

Wayzata is a suburb of Minneapolis, Minnesota, situated 9 miles (14 kilometres) to its west on the northeast tip of Lake Minnetonka.[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.16 square miles (8.18 km2), of which 3.08 square miles (7.98 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[8] The "land cover types" that compose the Wayzata area in descending order by square acreage are open water[disambiguation needed] (36%); residential areas, farmsteads, and commercial lands (35%); forest (13%); and farms (8%).[9]

Climate[edit]

Wayzata's climate is humid continental, with hot summers, cold winters, and moderate autumns and springs. Average summer temperatures range from 56 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. Average winter temperatures range from 2 to 27 degrees Fahrenheit. The average annual amount of rainfall is 30.4 inches. The average annual amount of snowfall is 54.4 inches.[10]

Ecology[edit]

Before it was settled by Euro-Americans, the Wayzata area was largely "upland deciduous forest, with small inclusions of wet prairie, and lakes."[9] Forest types typical in and around Wayzata have been "maple-basswood forest, oak forest, lowland hardwood forest, and floodplain forest. Non-native forest types within the city were predominantly disturbed second growth forest types made up of elm, box elder, ash, and cottonwood, with occasional basswood, maple, and oak."[9][11] Some of the species of plants that are considered invasive in the Wayzata area are purple loosestrife, narrow-leaf cattail, common buckthorn, leafy spurge, tartarian honeysuckle, garlic mustard, reed canary grass, Siberian elm, and Amur maple.[9] Some rare native species have also been spotted in Wayzata, including the Acadian flycatcher, pugnose shiner, and red-shouldered hawk.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880132
1890273106.8%
19002761.1%
191049278.3%
192063328.7%
19301,10073.8%
19401,47333.9%
19501,79121.6%
19603,21979.7%
19703,70014.9%
19803,621−2.1%
19903,8065.1%
20004,1138.1%
20103,688−10.3%
Est. 20184,592[3]24.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2018 Estimate[13]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,688 people, 1,795 households, and 944 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,197.4 inhabitants per square mile (462.3/km2). There were 2,041 housing units, at an average density of 662.7 per square mile (255.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 3.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.

Redeemer Lutheran Church

There were 1,795 households, of which 20.8% included children under the age of 18, 42.3% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.4% were non-families; 41.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.04, and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 47.8 years; 19.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.7% were from 25 to 44; 31.9% were from 45 to 64; and 22.2% were 65 years of age or older. Among residents of the city, 47.5% were male and 52.5% were female.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census of 2013, there were 4,113 people, 1,929 households, and 1,041 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,292.6 persons per square mile (499.4/km²). There were 2,047 housing units, at an average density of 643.3 per square mile (248.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.11% White, 0.41% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 1,929 households, of which 20.9% included children under the age of 18, 46.6% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.0% were non-families; 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06, and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age was 44 years; 19.3% of residents were under the age of 18, 6.0% were between the ages of 18 and 24, 25.8% were from 25 to 44, 28.1% were from 45 to 64, and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $65,833, and the median income for a family was $96,859. Males had a median income of $51,000 versus $39,257 for females. The per capita income for the city was $63,859. None of the families and 2.3% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 5.0% of those over 64.

Economy[edit]

Corporate headquarters[edit]

Local businesses

The corporate headquarters of both Cargill and Carlson are in Minnetonka, within one mile of Wayzata. They are two of the largest employers in the Wayzata area.

The regional bank TCF was founded in Wayzata in 1923.[14] Its headquarters moved to Detroit in 2019, but the company maintains a corporate presence in Wayzata.

Northern Oil and Gas, Inc. is headquartered in Wayzata.[15]

Ace Casual Furniture is headquartered in Wayzata.[16]

Infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service maintains a post office in Wayzata, which is assigned the ZIP code 55391. Although this ZIP code serves an area much larger than the city of Wayzata and includes seven other municipalities around eastern Lake Minnetonka, all locations in the ZIP code area use the name Wayzata in their postal addresses.[17]

Education[edit]

West Middle School

Wayzata Public Schools are part of Independent School District 284 and serve all or portions of eight west suburban municipalities (Plymouth, Corcoran, Hamel, Maple Grove, Medicine Lake, Medina, Minnetonka, and Orono). The only school within Wayzata's city limits is West Middle School. The district covers 38 square miles (98 km2), extending north and east from Wayzata Bay on Lake Minnetonka, and lies approximately 8 miles west of Minneapolis. There are approximately 9,510 students enrolled in eight public elementary schools (K–5), three middle schools (6–8), and one high school (9–12). Some students attend public schools in other school districts that their families choose under Minnesota's open enrollment statute.[18] Wayzata is also home to the Highcroft campus of The Blake School (K–5).

Schools in the Wayzata School District
Elementary schools Middle schools High School
Sunset Hill West Middle School Wayzata High School
Plymouth Creek Central Middle School
Oakwood East Middle School
Kimberly Lane
Greenwood
Gleason Lake
Birchview

Parks and recreation[edit]

Dakota Rail Regional Trail[edit]

The Dakota Rail Trail is a 13.5 miles (21.7 km) mile paved regional trail. In Hennepin County, the trail winds around Lake Minnetonka through Wayzata, Orono, Minnetonka Beach, Spring Park, Mound, Minnetrista and Saint Bonifacius. The trail continues for 12.5 miles (20.1 km) in Carver County and terminates in Mayer. The trail is managed by the Three River Park District.[19] The trail is a converted railroad bed formerly owned by Dakota Rail. In 2001, the Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority (HCRRSA) and Carver and McLeod counties purchased the corridor. At a cost of $5.9 million, construction of the trail started in 2008. In June 2009, the city of Mound held the grand opening for the trail. The trail offers parking and amenities.[20]

Wayzata Beach[edit]

The Wayzata Beach is located in downtown Wayzata on Lake Minnetonka. The beach is open to the public and has permit and non-permit parking. There is a lifeguard on duty from mid-June to mid-August when the temperature is above 65 degrees Fahrenheit. The beach features

  • A sandy beach and grassy peninsula
  • Shaded picnic areas
  • Playground equipment
  • Canoe racks
  • Stand-up paddleboard rentals[21]
  • Volleyball court
  • Boat slips
  • Playing fields[22]

In popular culture[edit]

In the 1990s TV series Beverly Hills, 90210, Brandon Walsh (Jason Priestley) and Brenda Walsh (Shannen Doherty) moved to California from Wayzata. In the show, both characters mispronounce Wayzata as "Way-za-da."

In the 1996 film Fargo, Jerry Lundegaard intends to purchase a parking lot in Wayzata.

Much of the 1999 film Drop Dead Gorgeous (starring Kirsten Dunst, Kirstie Alley, Denise Richards, Allison Janney, Ellen Barkin, Brittany Murphy, and Amy Adams) was filmed in Wayzata. Scenes were filmed at West Middle School, the Wayzata VFW, and 634 Park Street.

The character Ben Linus in the TV series Lost assumed the identity of a Henry Gale from Wayzata, Minnesota. In the show, the character mispronounces Wayzata as "Why-Zah-tah."

Aerial shots of Wayzata were featured in the fourth episode of the 2018 TV series The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "America's Best High Schools 2012". The complete list of the 1,000 top U.S. schools. Newsweek. 2012.
  6. ^ a b Wayzata Historical Society, City History
  7. ^ Willcox, Ken (2012). "City of Wayzata." City of Wayzata. Web. 09 July 2013.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Wayzata Natural Resources Inventory and Minnesota Land Cover Classification System Mapping." Hennepin County, MN (hennepin.us). Hennepin County. Mar. 2006. Web. July 2013.
  10. ^ "Maple Plain, Minnesota." Weatherbase. N.p., n.d. Web. July 9, 2013.
  11. ^ "Deciduous Forest – Biomes of Minnesota: Minnesota DNR." Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. n.d. Web. July 9, 2013.
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  14. ^ "TCF Bank Profile".
  15. ^ http://www.startribune.com/our-top-50-public-companies-with-no-1-at-226b-in-revenue/506438451/
  16. ^ "Ace Casual Furniture | contact us". Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  17. ^ "Post Office Location – Wayzata." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 23, 2010.
  18. ^ "Open Enrollment". Minnesota Department of Education. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  19. ^ "Dakota Rail Regional Trail". Three Rivers Park District. Three Rivers Parks. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  20. ^ Blake, Laurie. "New bike trail peddles Lake Minnetonka views". Star Tribune. Star Tribune. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  21. ^ Wai Nani Surf & Paddle – www.wainanisup.com
  22. ^ "Parks and Recreation". City of Wayzata Minnesota. City of Wayzata Minnesota. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  23. ^ Arnold, Laurence (9 July 2013). "Douglas J. Dayton, first president of Target department stores, dies at 88". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 Jul 2013.
  24. ^ "Tim Herron". PGA Tour. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  25. ^ "John Sharpless". Our Campaigns.com. Retrieved October 1, 2013.

External links[edit]