William Ephraim Smith

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William Ephraim Smith
William Ephraim Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1881
Preceded by Richard H. Whiteley
Succeeded by Henry Gray Turner
Personal details
Born (1829-03-14)March 14, 1829
Augusta, Georgia
Died March 11, 1890(1890-03-11) (aged 60)
Albany, Georgia
Political party Democratic
Profession planter
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Rank Confederate States of America Captain.png Captain
Unit 4th Georgia Infantry

William Ephraim Smith (March 14, 1829 – March 11, 1890) was a planter, lawyer, and politician from Georgia.


He was born in Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia. In 1846, he was admitted to the Georgia bar, which required a special act of the Georgia legislature due to his youth. He worked as a planter and practiced law in Albany, Dougherty County, Georgia, for most of the period 1846–1858. In 1853, he was an ordinary of Dougherty County. In 1858, Smith became the solicitor general of Georgia's southwest circuit, a post he held until 1860. The following year, the American Civil War broke out. Although opposed to secession, Smith enlisted in the Fourth Georgia Volunteer Infantry of the Confederate States Army as a lieutenant. He became a captain in April 1862 and in June lost his right leg at the Battle of Oak Grove.[1] In 1863, he was elected as a representative to the Second Confederate Congress. His term as representative was cut short by the defeat of the Confederacy.[2]

In 1874, Smith was offered and declined the office of circuit judge of Georgia; that same year, he was also elected as a representative to the United States Congress. He served as a representative from March 4, 1875 through March 3, 1881. After leaving office, Smith resumed the practice of law. In 1886, Smith began a term as state senator and was also President of the Georgia Democratic Convention. Smith left office in 1888 and died two years later in Albany.[2]


  1. ^ Biographical Register of the Confederate Congress. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. 1975. p. 226. 
  2. ^ a b "Smith, William Ephraim". United States Congress. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 


External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Richard H. Whiteley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1875 – March 4, 1881
Succeeded by
Henry Gray Turner

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.