William Fell Giles

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William Fell Giles
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1847
Preceded byJohn P. Kennedy
Succeeded byRobert Milligan McLane
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland
In office
July 18, 1853 – March 21, 1879
Appointed byFranklin Pierce
Preceded byJohn Glenn
Succeeded byThomas John Morris
Personal details
Born(1807-04-08)April 8, 1807
Harford County, Maryland, U.S.
DiedMarch 21, 1879(1879-03-21) (aged 71)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Resting placeGreenmount Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic

William Fell Giles (April 8, 1807 in Harford County, Maryland – March 21, 1879 in Baltimore, Maryland) was a U.S. Representative from Maryland and later a United States federal judge.

Born in Harford County, Maryland, Giles attended a private academy and the Bel Air Academy. He read law, was admitted to the bar in 1829, and commenced practice in Baltimore, Maryland. He later served as member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1838 to 1840.

Giles was elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-ninth Congress (March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1847), but declined to be a candidate for renomination.

After his tenure in Congress, Giles served as officer of the American Colonization Society for more than thirty years, and for more than twenty years as one of the commissioners of the State of Maryland supervising the emigration of free blacks to Liberia.

Giles received a recess appointment from President Franklin Pierce on July 18, 1853, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Maryland vacated by John Glenn. He was formally nominated on December 19, 1853, and on January 11, 1854 he was confirmed by the United States Senate and received his commission on January 11, 1854. He issued the original writ of habeas corpus in Ex parte Merryman.[1] He served as a judge until his death in Baltimore, Maryland on March 21, 1879. He was interred in Greenmount Cemetery.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Benson John Lossing (1866), Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War, 1997 reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, Vol. I, Ch. XVIII, "The Capital Secured—Maryland Secessionists Subdued—Contributions by the People", pp. 449-450.


  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
  • United States Congress. "William Fell Giles (id: G000184)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • William Fell Giles at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.

Further reading[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John P. Kennedy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
Robert Milligan McLane
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Glenn
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland
July 18, 1853 – March 21, 1879
Succeeded by
Thomas John Morris