William Henry Carroll
William Henry Carroll
Nashville, Tennessee, US
|Died||May 3, 1868 (aged 57–58)|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861-1863 C.S.A.|
|Unit||37th Tennessee Infantry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
- Battle of Mill Springs
|Other work||planter, Postmaster|
Carroll was born in Nashville, Tennessee to William Carroll, a general during the War of 1812 and multi-term Governor of Tennessee, and Cecilia M. (Bradford) Carroll. Prior to the Civil War, he commanded the 154th Regiment of the Tennessee Militia.
Civil War service
On December 11, 1861, Carroll, as the Confederate commander at Knoxville, issued a proclamation declaring martial law in the city. He then arrested all those who were openly opposed to the Confederate States before restoring the civil authority. He commanded the 2nd Brigade in the District of East Tennessee, commanded by George B. Crittenden, that engaged George H. Thomas's Union forces at the Battle of Mill Springs in Kentucky on January 19, 1862.
Braxton Bragg, the Department commander, in his effort to rid his command of political generals had Carroll arrested for drunkenness, incompetence and neglect on March 31, 1862, as he was reported to have been drunk on duty in Iuka, Mississippi. Bragg brought similar charges against Crittenden the following day.
Carroll in Montreal
The city of Montreal, at the time, was leaning with sympathies towards both sides of the American conflict. The streets were filled with spies from both sides, exiled Confederates of high rank, sympathizers, arms dealers, Union detectives and saboteurs. Carroll became a fixture at the luxurious St. Lawrence Hall on St. James Street (now Saint Jacques Street) which was where the more affluent Confederates in Canada stayed such as Jacob Thompson, Clement Claiborne Clay, James Westcott, Moses Montrose Pallen, Luke P. Blackburn, Nathaniel Beverly Tucker and even John Wilkes Booth. Many plots were formed by the members of this group. After staying in Montreal for a time, Carroll sailed south and was captured off the coast of North Carolina. He was placed in prison in Fortress Monroe, and was quickly released and forced to return to Montreal, Quebec. On June 8, 1865, Carroll and a friend named O'Donnell confronted Sandford Conover in front of the William Ennis saloon. They demanded to know whether he was using the alias James Watson Wallace, the man who had spun the web of false testimony towards the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Carroll accepted the affidavit swearing his innocence, later explaining it in great detail to Andrew Johnson.
Post Civil War
- John D. Wright (2013). "The Routledge Encyclopedia of Civil War Era Biographies". Routledge. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780203122204.
- Randy, Bishop (2013). Civil War Generals of Tennessee. Louisiana: Pelican. pp. 51–54. ISBN 9781455618118. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Cumming, Carman (Mar 1, 2008). Devil's Game: The Civil War Intrigues of Charles A. Dunham. Chicago: University of Illinois Press. pp. 3–25, 135–159. ISBN 9780252075193. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Johnson, Andrew; Graf, Leroy (1994). Paul H. Bergeron (ed.). The Papers: August 1866 - January 1867. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. pp. 522–523. ISBN 0870498282. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Elmwood Cemetery logbook
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.