William H. Gray III
William H. Gray III
|House Majority Whip|
June 15, 1989 – September 11, 1991
|Preceded by||Tony Coelho|
|Succeeded by||David Bonior|
|Chair of the House Democratic Caucus|
January 3, 1989 – June 15, 1989
|Preceded by||Dick Gephardt|
|Succeeded by||Steny Hoyer|
|Chair of the House Budget Committee|
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1989
|Preceded by||James R. Jones|
|Succeeded by||Leon Panetta|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Pennsylvania's 2nd district
January 3, 1979 – September 11, 1991
|Preceded by||Robert N. C. Nix Sr.|
|Succeeded by||Lucien E. Blackwell|
William Herbert Gray III
August 20, 1941
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||July 1, 2013 (aged 71)|
London, United Kingdom
|Education||Franklin & Marshall College (BA)|
Drew University (MDiv)
Princeton Theological Seminary (ThM)
William Herbert Gray III (August 20, 1941 – July 1, 2013) was an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who represented Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district from 1979 to 1991. He also served as chairman of the House Committee on the Budget from 1985 to 1989 and House Majority Whip from 1989 to 1991. He resigned from Congress in September of that year to become president and chief executive officer of the United Negro College Fund, a position he held until 2004.
As an African American, he was the fourth-highest-ranking member of the House at the time of his resignation and a minister in Philadelphia. He was co-founder of the government lobbying and advisory firm, Gray Loeffler LLC, headquartered in Washington D.C.
Gray was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, but grew up in St. Augustine, Florida, where his father was president of Florida Normal and Industrial Institute (later renamed Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University), and later in North Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he graduated from Simon Gratz High School. He attended Franklin & Marshall College, where he received a bachelor's degree in 1963. He went on to obtain a master's in divinity from Drew Theological Seminary in 1966 and a master's in theology from Princeton Theological Seminary in 1970. Gray received a L.H.D. from Bates College in 1994.
In 1972, Gray succeeded his father as the senior minister at Bright Hope Baptist Church in Philadelphia. He was elected as a Democrat to represent Philadelphia in the United States House of Representatives in 1978. He represented Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district in the House of Representatives from 1978 until his resignation on September 11, 1991. He was the first African-American to chair the House Budget Committee and also the first to serve as the Majority Whip (1989–1991). As chairman of the Committee on Budget, Gray introduced H.R. 1460, an anti-Apartheid bill that prohibited loans and new investment in South Africa and enforced sanctions on imports and exports with South Africa. This bill was an instrumental precursor to the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 (H.R. 4868).
Gray resigned unexpectedly from Congress in 1991 to serve as president of the United Negro College Fund from 1991 to 2004. The move was considered surprising and prompted speculation that it may have been connected with an investigation into alleged campaign finance violations by the Gray team. A Pennsylvania Senate seat had been left vacant when Senator John Heinz was killed in a plane crash. Major-party candidates were chosen by the party committees because it was too late for a primary. The speculation was that Attorney General Dick Thornburgh struck a deal with Gray, who not only had been the subject of an investigation into campaign finance irregularities but also a grand jury investigation into his church's financial dealings. It was reported that Gray agreed not run in the special election and in return Thornburgh would drop the investigations. Thornburgh resigned as Attorney General and went on to run himself, but lost in an upset to Democrat Harris Wofford. Gray did not run. He resigned from Congress two months earlier, in order to take the job as President of the United Negro College Fund and the Justice Department never brought charges against him.
Outside politics he was also a businessman who has been a director at Dell from 2000. Gray was a director of J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., Prudential Financial Inc., Rockwell International Corporation, Visteon Corporation and Pfizer. He retired from Bright Hope Baptist Church in 2007 and was succeeded by Kevin R. Johnson.
Gray was married to the former Andrea Dash; they have three sons, William IV, Justin and Andrew. Gray was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Gray died on July 1, 2013, in London, while attending the Wimbledon tennis tournament with his son Andrew. Gray's death came suddenly and no cause of death has been given. He was 71.
Awards and honors
In 1997 he received the Four Freedom Award for the Freedom of Worship.
- .William Gray's Profile on Forbes.com
- "Did Dick Cut Bill A Deal? Book: Thornburgh Had Goods On Gray - philly-archives". articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
- "Why Would Gray Resign? Several Ideas Are Floated - philly-archives". articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
- "Thornburgh Aide Linked to Gray Leak : Congress: A Justice Department probe says the chief spokesman and an ex-FBI official confirmed a damaging report on House Democratic leader. - latimes". articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
- "Editorials & Opinion | The Conniving Ways Of Dick Thornburgh | Seattle Times Newspaper". community.seattletimes.nwsource.com. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
- Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007. United States Congress. 3 October 2008. p. 494. ISBN 9780160801945. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
- "Pennsylvania's Top Political Activists". PoliticsPA. The Publius Group. 2002. Archived from the original on 2002-11-13.
- "Former Congressman William Gray dies". UPI. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-25. Retrieved 2015-05-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- United States Congress. "William H. Gray III (id: G000402)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Bio with picture from the National Council of Churches
- William Gray - Forbes Profile
- Dell Profile
- Pew foster care