Wotu–Wolio languages

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Linguistic classificationAustronesian

The Wotu–Wolio languages are a group of closely related languages spoken in Sulawesi that belong to the Celebic subgroup of the Austronesian family.


The Wotu–Wolio languages comprise five languages which are grouped into three branches:

While in earlier classifications, Wolio, Laiyolo,[2] and later also Wotu,[3] were included in the Muna–Buton subgroup,[4] Donohue (2004) has shown that based on phonological evidence, the Wotu–Wolio languages form a distrinct subgroup of their own.[5]

Mead (2003) included the Wotu–Wolio languages as one out of six branches in the Celebic subgroup.[6]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wotu–Wolio". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Esser, S.J. (1938). "Talen". Atlas van Tropisch Nederland. Blad 9a. Batavia: Topografische Dienst.
  3. ^ Grimes, C. E.; Grimes, B. E. (1987). Languages of South Sulawesi. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. doi:10.15144/PL-D78. ISBN 0858833522.
  4. ^ Noorduyn, J. (1991). "The Languages of Sulawesi". In H. Steinhauer (ed.). Papers in Austronesian linguistics. Pacific Linguistics A-81. Canberra: Australian National University.
  5. ^ Donohue, Mark (2004). "The pretenders to the Muna-Buton group". In John Bowden; Nikolaus Himmelmann (eds.). Papers in Austronesian subgrouping and dialectology. Pacific Linguistics 563. Canberra: Australian National University. pp. 21–35. doi:10.15144/PL-563.21.
  6. ^ Mead, David. (2003). "Evidence for a Celebic supergroup." In Lynch, John (ed.). Issues in Austronesian historical phonology, pp. 115-141. Canberra: Australian National University. (Pacific Linguistics 550)

Further reading[edit]

  • Mead, David; Smith, Joanna. "The voice systems of Wotu, Barang-barang and Wolio: Synchronic and diachronic perspectives". In Malcolm D. Ross; I Wayan Arka (eds.). Language Change in Austronesian languages: papers from 12-ICAL, Volume 3. Asia-Pacific linguistics 018 / Studies on Austronesian languages 004. pp. 51–78. hdl:1885/13386.

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