Yadong County

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Yadong County

亚东县གྲོ་མོ་རྫོང་།
Nathu La.jpg
Location of Yadong County (red) within Shigatse City (yellow) and the Tibet Autonomous Region
Location of Yadong County (red) within Shigatse City (yellow) and the Tibet Autonomous Region
Yadong is located in Tibet
Yadong
Yadong
Location of the seat in the Tibet Autonomous Region
Coordinates (Yadong County government): 27°29′10″N 88°54′26″E / 27.4861°N 88.9071°E / 27.4861; 88.9071Coordinates: 27°29′10″N 88°54′26″E / 27.4861°N 88.9071°E / 27.4861; 88.9071
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceTibet Autonomous Region
Prefecture-level cityXigazê
SeatXarsingma
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Yadong County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese亚东县
Traditional Chinese亞東縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese卓木县
Traditional Chinese卓木縣
Second alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese绰莫县
Traditional Chinese綽莫縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanགྲོ་མོ་རྫོང༌།

Yadong County (Chinese: 亚东县), also transliterated from Tibetan as Chomo County (Tibetan: གྲོ་མོ་རྫོང༌།; Chinese: 卓木县 / 绰莫县; literally: 'deep ravine county'), is a frontier county and trade-market of Tibet Autonomous Region, China, situated in the mouth of the Chumbi valley near the China-India and China-Bhutan border. It lies in the middle part of Himalayas and the south of Tibet Autonomous Region, covering about 4,306 square kilometers with a population of 10,000. It is under the jurisdiction of Xigazê.

Geography[edit]

The town of Dromo (Yadong) 27°29′22″N 88°54′21″E / 27.48944°N 88.90583°E / 27.48944; 88.90583 is very close to the borders of both the Indian state of Sikkim and Bhutan and has a hotel, a guest house, some government offices and army barracks.[1]

Local specialities include Dromo fish and barley wine while the main tourist sites are Donggar Monastery, Garju Monastery and Kangbu Hotspring. Yadong is connected to the Indian state of Sikkim via the Nathu La.

As part of the China Western Development strategy, the Chinese government planned to extend the Qinghai–Tibet Railway from Lhasa to Yadong near the Nathu La that marks the disputed China–India border.[2]

History[edit]

According to the Convention of Calcutta of 1890–94 signed by Great Britain and Qing dynasty China, the market at Dromo was opened to India. At that time there was a wall-like structure across the valley's stream extending part way up each side of the valley thus blocking the road to the Tibetan capital, Lhasa. This was the demarcation line that British subjects were forbidden to cross and was manned by 20 Tibetan soldiers under a sergeant along with three Chinese officials.[3] The construction of the wall was reported to be one of the incidents that led to the British invasion of Tibet in 1904. According to the resulting Treaty of Lhasa, a British trade-agent was to be stationed at Yadong.[4]

Towns and townships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buckley, Michael and Strauss, Robert. Tibet: a travel survival kit, p. 163. (1986) Lonely Planet Publications, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 0-908086-88-1.
  2. ^ Extension plans. Retrieved June 28, 2006
  3. ^ Sandberg, Graham. An Itinerary of the Route from Sikkim to Lhasa. Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press. p. 7.
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yatung". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 908.