Yalkut haMachiri (Hebrew: ילקוט המכירי) is a work of midrash. Its author was Machir ben Abba Mari, but not even his country or the period in which he lived are definitively known. Moritz Steinschneider supposes that Machir lived in Provence; but the question of his date remains a subject of discussion among modern scholars. Strack & Stemberger (1991) indicate that the work was most probably composed in the late 13th or 14th century.
In the introductions, apparently very similar, to these books, Machir gave his motivation in composing the work: to gather the scattered aggadic teachings into one group. He seems to have thought it unnecessary to do the same thing for the Pentateuch and the Five Scrolls, as it had been done already (to a certain extent) in Midrash Rabbah; but it may be concluded that Machir intended to make such a compilation on the earlier prophetical books as well. From his introduction to the part on Isaiah, it would seem that he began with Psalms and finished with Isaiah, though in his introduction to the part on the Psalms he mentions the other parts.
Only the following parts of the Yalḳuṭ ha-Makiri are extant: Isaiah, published by I. Spira from a Leyden manuscript; Psalms, published by S. Buber (Berdychev, 1899) from two manuscripts (one, previously in the possession of Joseph b. Solomon of Vyazhin, was used by David Luria, and its introduction was published by M. Straschun in Fuenn's Ḳiryah Ne'emanah, p. 304; the other is MS. No. 167 in the Bodleian Library); the twelve Minor Prophets; Proverbs, extant in a manuscript which is in the possession of Grünhut, and which was seen by Azulai, published by Grünhut in Jerusalem in 5662 (= 1902).
Moses Gaster attached great importance to Yalkut haMachiri, thinking that it was older than Yalkut Shimoni, the second part of which at least Gaster concluded was a bad adaptation from Yalkut haMachiri. Gaster's conclusions, however, were contested by A. Epstein, who declares that Yalkut haMachiri is both inferior to and later than "Yalkut Shimoni." Buber conclusively proved that the two works are independent of each other, that Machir lived later than the author of the "Yalkut Shimoni," and that he had not seen Yalkut Shimoni. Samuel Poznanski thinks that Machir lived in the fourteenth century.
^Compare S. Buber, Liḳḳutim mi-Midrash Eleh ha-Debarim Zuṭa, Introduction
^Berlin, 1894; compare Israel Lévi in R. E. J. xxviii. 300
^British Museum, Harleian MSS., No. 5704, for which compare A.W. Greenup, The Yalkut of R. Machir bar Abba Mari / ed., for the first time, from the unique MS. (Harley, 5704) in the British Museum, London 1909-1913 (3 vols.)