|Southeastern peninsula of Papua New Guinea:|
|Linguistic classification||Trans–New Guinea|
The Yareban or Musa River languages are a small family of Trans–New Guinea languages spoken near the Musa River in the "Bird's Tail" (southeastern peninsula) of New Guinea. They are classified within the Southeast Papuan branch of Trans–New Guinea.
The languages are,
Barijian is suggested by lexicostatistics in Dutton (1971).
The only pronouns which are known in enough languages to reconstruct are na 1sg and a 2sg, which are common to all Yareban languages.
Usher (2020) reconstructs the consonant inventory as follows:
*m *n *pʰ *tʰ [*s] *kʰ *ʔ *b *d [*dz] [*g] *w *ɾ *j
*s and *dz were acquired through loans, but may have already been present in the protolanguage. *ʔ and *g may have been allophones.
Vowels are *a *e *i *o *u.
Usher (2020) reconstructs the pronouns as:
sg du pl 1excl *na *ewa 1incl *uwa *i[j]a 2 *a *ja 3 *dawa *ema(wa)
Some lexical reconstructions by Usher (2020) are:
gloss Proto-Musa River head *bo-tai hair/feather *idi ear *ome eye *nai-tai nose *iboʔo tooth *ni[ʔ]o tongue *meana foot/leg *buɾi blood/salt *iwa bone *tai skin/bark *ope breast *ama louse *uʔa dog *kua pig *boɾo bird *gasiɾa; *ada egg *baka; *uɾimi tree *ana man/person *e[ʔe]me woman/wife *aweta sun *eweaka moon *maɾabe; *sakaɾa water *adua fire *inaʔa stone *oma; *gebiɾo path *daʔaba name *ibi eat/drink *it- one *demu
- ama ‘breast’ < *amu
- uyau ‘cassowary’ < *ku(y)a
- rarara ‘dry’ < *(ŋg,k)atata
- baba ‘father’ < *mbapa
- iji ‘hair’ < *iti[C]
- ifu ‘name’ < *imbi
- kofiti ‘head’ < *kV(mb,p)(i,u)tu
- ogo ‘water’ < *ok[V]
- eme ‘man’ < *ambi
- amai ‘mother’ < *am(a,i)
- sagai ‘sand’ < *sa(ŋg,k)asiŋ
- New Guinea World, Owen Stanley Range
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yareban". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- New Guinea World, Musa River
- Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.