Yazoo County, Mississippi
|Yazoo County, Mississippi|
|County of Yazoo|
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
|Founded||January 21, 1823|
|Named for||The Yazoo River|
|Largest city||Yazoo City|
|• Total||934 sq mi (2,419 km2)|
|• Land||923 sq mi (2,391 km2)|
|• Water||11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.2%|
|• Density||30/sq mi (10/km2)|
|ZIP Code(s)||39039, 39040, 39088, 39095, 39146, 39162, 39179, 39194|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/−5|
Yazoo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,065. The county seat is Yazoo City. It is named for the Yazoo River, which forms its western border. Its name is said to come from a Choctaw language word meaning "River of Death."
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Education
- 6 Politics
- 7 Communities
- 8 Popular culture
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 Further reading
- 13 External links
The area which is now Yazoo County was acquired by the State of Mississippi from the Choctaw Indians in 1820. Yazoo County was established on January 21, 1823. It was the 19th county established in the State of Mississippi, and remains the largest in area. It was developed for cotton plantations, and the first had access to the major river. The first county seat was at Beatties Bluff. In 1829, the county seat was moved to Benton. In 1849 the county seat was moved again, to Yazoo City, where it remains.
Yazoo County was a battlefield in 1863 and 1864 during the American Civil War. After the war, there was violence of whites against freedmen. Such violence continued after Reconstruction. In the period from 1877 to 1950, Yazoo County had 18 documented lynchings of African Americans. Most occurred around the turn of the 20th century, as part of white imposition of Jim Crow conditions and suppression of black voting.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 934 square miles (2,420 km2), of which 923 square miles (2,390 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.2%) is water. It is the largest county in Mississippi by land area and third-largest by total area.
- Humphreys County (north)
- Holmes County (northeast)
- Madison County (east)
- Hinds County (south)
- Warren County (southwest)
- Issaquena County (west)
- Sharkey County (northwest)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,065 people residing in the county. 57.1% were Black or African American, 40.0% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 4.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 28,149 people, 9,178 households, and 6,644 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 10,015 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 53.96% Black or African American, 44.74% White, 0.20% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 4.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
35.60% of the 9,178 households have children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.20% were married couples living together, 23.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males (boys). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,795, and the median income for a family was $29,395. Males had a median income of $28,553 versus $19,797 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,062. About 25.40% of families and 31.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.90% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.
- Public School Districts
- Private Schools
- Benton Academy (Benton)
- Manchester Academy (Yazoo City)
- Covenant Christian School (Yazoo City)
- Thomas Christian Academy (Yazoo City)
- Yazoo City (county seat)
Yazoo County, Mississippi has been featured in an Independent Lens series documenting bullying.
- Haley Barbour, Governor of Mississippi
- Hubert E. Owens, First African American SEC Head Official
- Wardell Leach, First African American Mayor, Yazoo City, MS
- Willie Brown, football player
- Jerry Clower, comedian
- Henry Espy, Mayor of Clarksdale, Mississippi
- Mike Espy, former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
- Lawrence Gordon, motion picture producer
- Lynn Hamilton, actress
- Duck Holmes, blues musician
- T. J. Huddleston, entrepreneur
- Skip James, blues musician
- Tommy McClennan, blues musician
- Willie Morris, writer
- John Wesley Snyder, Texas rancher
- Stella Stevens, actress
- Zig Ziglar, writer and motivational speaker
- List of counties in Mississippi
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Yazoo County, Mississippi
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Seale, Lea Leslie (1939). Indian Place-Names in Mississippi (Thesis). Louisiana State University. p. 211. Retrieved Nov 28, 2018.
- Johnson's (revised) Universal Cyclopaedia. 1886.
- Lynching in America, 3rd edition, Supplement by County, p. 6
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- FAA Airport Master Record for 87I ( PDF) - Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
- Jeter, Lynne W. "Airports an advantage when it comes to site selection." Mississippi Business Journal. March 26, 2001. Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Yazoo County, MS." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 7, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "INDEPENDENT LENS: Bully". Public Broadcasting System. Retrieved 2015-09-12.
- James L. Cox, The Mississippi Almanac. 2001.
- Harriet DeCell and JoAnne Prichard, Yazoo: Its Legends and Legacies. n.c.: Yazoo Delta Press, 1976.
- A.T. Morgan, Yazoo; or, On the Picket Line of Freedom in the South: A Personal Narrative. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968.
- Willie Morris, A Pictorial History of Yazoo County. n.c.: Heritage House Publishing, 1996.
- Nicholas Russell Murray, Yazoo County, Mississippi, 1845-1900. Hammond, LA: Hunting for Bears, c. 1982.
- New Orleans Exposition Committee, Official Information Respecting Yazoo County, Mississippi. Yazoo City, MS: n.p., 1884.
- Roster and Sketches of the Several Military Companies Which Were in Regular Service of the Confederate States During the Civil War from Yazoo County, Mississippi. Leland, Mississippi: Mrs. C. Q. Hollowell. March 1, 1960 [1st pub. Yazoo Camp, 176, of Confederate Veterans – via Waller Printing Co.:1905].
- Yazoo Historical Association, Yazoo County Story: A Pictorial History of Yazoo County, Mississippi, Covering Both the Old and the New. Fort Worth, TX: University Supply and Equipment Co., 1958.
- Official website
- Yazoo County Mississippi on RootsWeb.com
- Yazoo County Convention and Visitors Bureau