Yeshivat Beit Yisrael massacre
|Yeshivat Beit Yisrael massacre|
|Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign|
|Date||March 2, 2002 |
c. 19:00 pm (GMT+2)
|Deaths||11 civilians (+ 1 suicide bomber)|
|Over 50, 4 critically|
|Perpetrators||Palestinian assailant (Mohammed al-Chouhani). The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack.|
The Yeshivat Beit Yisrael massacre was a Palestinian suicide bombing which occurred in the Beit Yisrael neighborhood in downtown Jerusalem, Israel on March 2, 2002. Eleven Israeli civilians were killed in the attack, including two infants, three children and two teenagers. Over 50 people were injured in the attack, four of them critically. The bombing took place at the entrance of the Haredi yeshiva "Beit Yisrael" in central Jerusalem where people had gathered for a bar mitzvah celebration. The suicide bomber detonated the bomb full of shrapnel alongside a group of women with their baby strollers, waiting for the services in a nearby synagogue to conclude. The Palestinian militant organization al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.[dead link]
Shortly after 7 PM, the streets were crowded with worshippers who had just finished the sun-down prayers that mark the conclusion of the Shabbat. People had gathered near the Mahane Yisrael yeshiva for the bar mitzvah of Naveh Hazan. Another family, the Hajabis, were also celebrating their son's bar mitzvah, and members of the related Nehmad and Ilan families had arrived in Jerusalem for the celebration. Upwards of 1,000 Jews prayed every Saturday evening at the Mahane Israel seminary.
The bomber was standing alongside a group of women with baby carriages who were waiting for their husbands to return from the synagogue, and blew himself up just as the family and guests were beginning to leave. The ensuing blast shook downtown Jerusalem, and ignited a nearby car. Among the dead were an infant and her six-year-old brother, a mother and her three-year-old son, and a 12-year-old boy. The dead included members of the Hajabi, Hazan, Nehmad, and Ilan families. A woman who was pregnant with twins survived but lost both of her unborn children. Two babies were taken to Hadassah Medical Center, the whereabouts of their parents unknown.
The bombing occurred only meters from the site of a previous car bombing the year before. At the Mahane Yisrael seminary, a stone wall was splattered in blood.
Shlomi, an eyewitness, saw a baby carriage alongside a dead baby and other dead people. Another witness said that she and everyone else in her family had been injured when the bomber attacked:
|“||I was speaking with everyone and when I turned around I saw people flying in the air. My brother fell onto me. I didn't know if my brother was wounded or the blood of other wounded people was on him. All I felt was pain.||”|
Eitan of the Magen David Adom recounted:
|“||We arrived at the site and saw scenes of horror. Young children, old people, women, lying in the road without hands, without legs, blood everywhere and enormous destruction all about. Only some had the strength to scream or cry. The quiet was the thing I remember most... This was one of the worst attacks I can remember.||”|
Livnat, the sister of Sofia Ya'arit Eliyahu who died in the blast with her seven-month-old son, described her experience:
|“||On Saturday night, we went out for a walk with two baby carriages. Sofia's baby started crying and she bent down to pick him up, while I continued walking with her little girl. We were 10 meters from them when we heard a horrendous explosion ... I looked back and saw only a huge inferno. Sofia and the baby had disappeared."||”|
The Nehmad Family
Ten people were killed instantly in the attack, and an eleventh died later of his injuries. Over 50 people were injured. Eight of those killed were from the Nehmad family. Ziva's brother Shlomi Nehmad, his wife Gafnit, and their young children Shiraz and Liran were killed in the attack. Shlomi's teenage nephew Shaul Nehmad was also killed, and his brother Avraham Eliahu died later of his injuries after losing an arm.
Ronit Ilan, sister of Shlomi Nehmad, and her husband Shimon were standing outside of Mahane Israel. With them were their two children: A 12-year-old boy, Lidor, and their 18-month-old daughter, Oriah, who was being held in her father's arms. The explosion sent the baby girl flying into the air, and both children died. Shimon Ilan's legs were injured in the attack. He was released from hospital in a wheelchair to attend his children's funerals. In his eulogy for the Nehmad family, Health Minister Nissim Dahan said: "They cut off the most beautiful flowers before their time was due."
The victims of the attack were:
The al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, the armed wing of Fatah, claimed responsibility and said the attack was to avenge the deaths of 19 Palestinians killed during Israeli military incursions into the Balata and Jenin refugee camps earlier in the week. The bomber was identified as 19-year-old Mohammed al-Chouhani from the Dheisheh refugee camp near Bethlehem. Around 1,500 Palestinians celebrated through the camp handing out sweets and shooting in the air.
- Involved parties
- The Israeli government sources said they would hold Yasser Arafat was personally responsible, as the Al-Aqsa Brigades were under his control.
- Tzipi Livni said, "the difference between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, and between Israelis and Palestinians, is that terrorists are deliberately targeting civilians, and you will never find that in what the IDF forces are doing."
- The PA cabinet criticized the attack, though stating that Israel was responsible for the escalation of the violence.
- Hundreds of Palestinians celebrated on hearing the news and took to the streets firing guns into the air.
- Marwan Barghouti, a leader in the Fatah movement promised that his organization would continue the attacks on Israel. "The resistance forces will continue to strike at the Zionist enemy and I am certain that the force of these strikes will even increase."
- United Nations – United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary Robinson expressed her shock and horror and said, "Acts of suicide bombings in Israel harm the interests and aspirations of the Palestinian people because they undermine support for the cause of self-determination and the fight against occupation."
- USA – The US State Department harshly condemned this "terrorist outrage". "Such murder of innocent citizens cannot be justified and can only harm the interests and aspirations of the Palestinian people in progress toward a better future ... We call upon Chairman Arafat and the Palestinian Authority to do everything possible to confront and stop the terrorists responsible for these criminal acts."
The Nehamad family were buried in Rishon Letzion. The Israeli Health Minister, Nissim Dahan, said of the dead: "They cut off the most beautiful flowers before their time was due." The eulogies expressed feelings of bitterness and anger. Sofia Ya'arit Eliyahu, 23, and her seven-month-old son, Avraham Eliyahu were buried at Moshav Noam.
- Suicide bombing in the Beit Yisrael neighborhood in Jerusalem, 2 March 2002 – published at the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- In Jerusalem, Suicide Bomber Kills at Least 9 – published on 3 March 2002 in the New York Times
- UN rights chief Robinson says shocked by Jerusalem bombing – published on 4 March 2002 in Ha'aretz
- Dronzina, T.; Houdaigui, R.E. (2012). Contemporary Suicide Terrorism: Origins, Trends and Ways of Tackling It. IOS Press. p. 63. ISBN 9781614991090. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Suicide bombing in the Beit Yisrael neighborhood in Jerusalem - 2-Mar-2002". MFA. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "9 dead, 51 hurt in Jerusalem bombing". Haaretz. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "Focus / Jerusalem's soft underbelly". Haaretz. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "In Jerusalem, Suicide Bomber Kills at Least 9". New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Hermann, Peter (3 March 2002). "Sixteen Israelis killed in two attacks ; West Bank shooting, Jerusalem bombing injure more than 50". The Baltimore Sun.
- "Mother and infant son laid to rest". Haaretz. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "Seven funerals for the Nehmad family". Haaretz. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "B'Tselem - Statistics - Fatalities". Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Avraham Eliahu Nehmad". mfa.gov.il. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Israel rocked by Palestinian attacks". BBC. March 3, 2002.
- "UN rights chief Robinson says shocked by Jerusalem bombing". Haaretz. Retrieved September 1, 2012.