Yevgeny Dragunov

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Yevgeny F. Dragunov
Yevgeny Fyodorovich Dragunov

(1920-02-20)February 20, 1920
DiedAugust 4, 1991(1991-08-04) (aged 71)
OccupationWeapons designer
Known forHelping to invent the Dragunov sniper rifle

Yevgeny Fyodorovich Dragunov (Russian: Евге́ний Фёдорович Драгуно́в; February 20, 1920 – August 4, 1991) was a Soviet weapons designer, best known his role in helping invent the semi-automatic rifle bearing his name, the Dragunov sniper rifle.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

From a family of gunsmiths, Dragunov worked as a factory machinist before beginning military service in 1939.


After 1941, Dragunov was a senior armourer, working on Soviet and also captured enemy weapons during wartime. After 1945 he returned to Izhevsk and joined the Arms Design Bureau, working as a project engineer on sporting and civilian target rifles through the 1950s. One of these, the Biathlon target rifle, went on to the Olympic Gold. In 1959 Dragunov submitted his design for a military sniping rifle, the SVD, which was accepted into Soviet military service in 1963, and later became known as the Dragunov rifle.[2]

Dragunov also participated in the competition that led to the adoption of AKS-74U with a gas-operated design called MA (malokalibernii avtomat). Although Dragunov's avtomat was comparable in performance to Kalashnikov's, the latter had the advantage that it shared some parts with the AK-74 rifle already in production. The non-metallic parts of the MA were made of polyamides. The MA was Dragunov's last major design. The trigger mechanism used in the MA was fairly similar to the one previously used in the PP-71 sub-machine gun,[3] which is also attributed to Dragunov.[4]


Dragunov was awarded the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the Russian Federation, the latter one posthumously.[5]



  1. ^ Chivers, C. J. (2011). The Gun. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-7432-7173-8.
  2. ^ Shilin, Valery N. (1996). "Dragunov The Man Behind the Rifle". Soldier of Fortune Magazine. Boulder, Colorado. 26 (12).
  3. ^ "МА - малокалиберный автомат" КАЛАШНИКОВ. ОРУЖИЕ, БОЕПРИПАСЫ, СНАРЯЖЕНИЕ 2000/1, pp. 26-30
  4. ^ Сергей МОНЕТЧИКОВ, ОРУЖИЕ СПЕЦНАЗА: Малогабаритные пистолеты-пулеметы, Bratishka, April 2003
  5. ^ Юрий Пономарёв, СВД постскриптум, Kalashnikov magazine, 2005/3, p. 82
  6. ^ Конструктивные разработки Е. Ф. Драгунова // журнал "Оружие", № 7, 2000. стр.7-11

External links[edit]