Ying River

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Ying River
ShayingRiver Zhoukou.jpg
Native name颍河
Physical characteristics
MouthHuai River (淮河)
 • location
Zhengyang County, Henan, China
Length557 km (346 mi)[1]
The Sha Ying River at Zhoukou

The Ying River (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Yĭng Hé) is the largest tributary of the Huai River with its origin in Henan Province, People's Republic of China.[2] From Zhoukou City in Henan the river flows through Fuyang City in Anhui Province then empties into the Huai River at Zhengyang.[3]

Seriously polluted along its entire length, in 2007 the Ying River's water quality was rated as below Grade 5 by the Chinese Environmental Protection Agency.[4]


There are many tributaries of the Ying River, and the tributaries have changed greatly. The Sha River (沙河) is the Ying River's largest tributary and is often referred as the Shaying River (沙颍河).[3]

The Shaying river at Fuyang, Anhui province.

The main tributaries on the Ying river with a drainage area of more than 1,000 square kilometers (listed from upstream to downstream) are as follows:[5]

North bank South bank
Jialu River (贾鲁河) Sha River (沙河)
Xin Canal (新运河) Quan River (泉河)
Xin Cai River (新蔡河)
Ci River (茨河)


  1. ^ 辞海第六版 Cihai Ed. 6. (in Chinese) Shanghai. 2009. pp. 2754. "颍河(...)长557千米" (translation: Ying River(...)is 557 km long)
  2. ^ Jing,Zhengshu (2012). Encyclopedia of Rivers and Lakes in China (Huaihe River Basin Volume) (M) (in Chinese) (1 ed.). Beijing: China Water Conservancy and Hydropower Press. p. 289. ISBN 978-7517005636.
  3. ^ a b "Anhui Water Conservancy Bureau: Huai River Drainage System – Ying River (安徽省水利廳. 淮河水系-潁河.)" (in Chinese). Anhui Water Conservatory Portal (安徽水利信息網). December 22, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  4. ^ "Grade Five Polluted Ying River Covered with White Foam (潁河全線水質劣五類 河面被白色泡沫覆蓋)" (in Chinese). ChinaFotoPress. March 11, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  5. ^ "潁河". Wikipedia. Retrieved 10 October 2020.

See also[edit]