Zhang Yaoling

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Zhang Yaoling
Died355 (aged 10–11)
Other namesXiping Aigong (西平哀公)
TitleDuke of Xiping
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese張曜靈
Simplified Chinese张曜灵
Alternative Chinese name
Second alternative Chinese name
Chinese西平敬悼公 (posthumous name given by Jin Dynasty (265-420))
Third alternative Chinese name
Literal meaning"lamentable"

Zhang Yaoling (Chinese: 張曜靈; 344–355), courtesy name Yuanshu (元舒), formally Duke Ai of Xiping, was briefly the ruler of the Chinese state Former Liang in 353 and early 354.[1]

Zhang Yaoling was the oldest son of his father Zhang Chonghua (Duke Jinglie) and therefore was designated his heir apparent. When Zhang Chonghua died in 353, he succeeded Zhang Chonghua as the ruler of Former Liang (with the title Duke of Xiping), but actual power was in the hands of his uncle, Zhang Zuo the Marquess of Changning. In early 354, Zhang Zuo, who had carried on an affair with Zhang Chonghua's mother Princess Dowager Ma, gained her support to take over as ruler, and Zhang Yaoling was demoted to the title of Marquess of Liangning.

Zhang Zuo was a violent and frivolous ruler, and there was soon much opposition against him, particularly after he completely broke away from Jin Dynasty (265-420). In 355, the generals Zhang Guan and Song Hun rebelled against Zhang Zuo and announced that they wished to restore Zhang Yaoling. In response, Zhang Zuo executed Zhang Yaoling by beating him to death. Zhang Zuo, however, would soon be overthrown and replaced by Zhang Yaoling's younger brother Zhang Xuanjing.


  1. ^ Fang Xuanling. "張軌" [Zhang Gui]. Book of Jin. Volume 86.
Duke Ai of Xiping
Born: 344 Died: 355
Chinese nobility
Preceded by
Zhang Chonghua
Duke of Xiping
with Zhang Zuo (353–354)
Title next held by
Zhang Xuanjing