Zizhi Tongjian Gangmu

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The Zizhi Tongjian Gangmu (資治通鑑綱目, "The String and Mesh of Zizhi Tongjian"), more simply Tongjian Gangmu, is an 1172 Chinese history book based on Sima Guang's 1084 book Zizhi Tongjian ("Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance"). The credited author is the neo-Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi, but its compilation was in fact by Zhu's students. In the words of J. W. Haeger, the Zizhi Tongjian Gangmu "is doubtless the most influential piece of historical writing in the later Imperial age".[1]

The book is sometimes described as a condensed version of Zizhi Tongjian, but it's in fact historical criticism containing a lot of didactic and ideological rhetorics. The book was later translated into Manchu as ᡨᡠᠩ
Wylie: Tung giyan g'ang mu, Möllendorff: Tung giyan g'ang mu, upon the request of Qing Dynasty Kangxi Emperor. This Manchu version was itself translated into French by French Jesuit missionary Joseph-Anna-Marie de Moyriac de Mailla. His twelve-volume translation[2], Histoire générale de la Chine, ou Annales de cet Empire; traduit du Tong-kien-kang-mou par de Mailla was published posthumously in Paris in 1777–1783.[3]

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  1. ^ Hager, J. W. (1978). "Tzu-chih t'ung-chien kang-mu". In Hervouet, Yves (ed.). A Sung Bibliography. The Chinese University Press. pp. 75–6. ISBN 962-201-158-6.
  2. ^ Read on Internet Archive.
  3. ^ Chinese Literature: Tongjian gangmu 通鑑綱目 Archived October 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine